Navigation Links
Researchers uncover protection mechanism of radiation-resistant bacterium

Recent discoveries by researchers at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) could lead to new avenues of exploration for radioprotection in diverse settings. Michael J. Daly, Ph.D., an associate professor in USU's Department of Pathology, and his colleagues have uncovered evidence pointing to the mechanism through which the extremely resilient bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans protects itself from high doses of ionizing radiation (IR). The results of the recent study, titled "Protein Oxidation Implicated as the Primary Determinant of Bacterial Radioresistance" were published in the March 20 edition of PLoS Biology.

These discoveries likely will cause a shift in D. radiodurans research, changing the focus from DNA damage and repair toward a potent form of protein protection. These findings point to new avenues of exploration for radioprotection, which could eventually influence how individuals are treated for exposure to chronic or acute doses of radiation; could lead to ways to protect cancer patients from the toxic effects of radiation therapy; and may prove significant in efforts to contain toxic runoff from radioactive Cold War waste sites.

Fifty years ago, scientists discovered D. radiodurans, leading to speculation that the incredible degree of resistance exhibited by the bacteria has to do with its mechanism of DNA repair, and the majority of research on the bacteria has centered on this hypothesis. However, D. radiodurans has subsequently shown nothing obviously unusual in its DNA repair components, and it appears that bacteria at differing levels of resistance sustain the same amount of DNA damage from a given dose of IR. Additionally, many bacteria are killed by IR doses that actually cause very little DNA damage.

In a 2004 study, Daly and colleagues found that resistant and sensitive bacterial cells had significantly different metal concentrations, pointing to high levels of manganese and low iron levels as possible influences on cellular recovery following irradiation. The team showed that the most resistant bacterial species contained approximately 300 times more manganese and three times less iron than the most sensitive species. In the new study, which examined the functional consequences of this disparity, the researchers demonstrated that high cytosolic manganese and low iron concentrations enable resistance by protecting proteins, but not DNA, from IR-induced oxidative damage.


'"/>

Source:Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine


Related biology news :

1. Researchers discover way to make cells in the eye sensitive to light
2. Researchers find how protein allows insects to detect and respond to pheromones
3. Researchers Uncover Key Step In Manufacture of Memory Protein
4. Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon
5. Researchers identify target for cancer drugs
6. Researchers discover molecule that causes secondary stroke
7. Researchers find missing genes of ancient organism
8. Researchers trace evolution to relatively simple genetic changes
9. Researchers add new tool to tumor-treatment arsenal
10. UF Researchers Map Bacterial Proteins That Cause Tooth Loss
11. VCU Researchers Identify Networks Of Genes Responding To Alcohol In The Brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/2/2017)...  Central to its deep commitment to honor ... Japan Prize Foundation today announced the laureates of ... envelope in their respective fields of Life Sciences ... being recognized with the 2017 Japan Prize for ... to the advancement of science and technology, but ...
(Date:1/26/2017)... , Jan. 26, 2017  Acuity Market Intelligence ... Biometrics and Digital Identity".  Acuity characterizes 2017 as ... when increased adoption reflects a new understanding of ... "Biometrics and digital identity are often perceived ... Maxine Most , Principal of Acuity Market intelligence. ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... voice recognition biometrics market to grow at a CAGR of 19.36% ... present scenario and the growth prospects of the global voice recognition ... considers the revenue generated from the sales of voice recognition biometrics ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/22/2017)... SAN DIEGO , Feb. 22, 2017  PrimeVax ... , will be presenting at the Annual Biocom Global ... on March 2, at 11:15 AM, at the Torrey ... are thankful to the organizers at Biocom who have ... this international symposium of biotechnology companies, investors, and clinical ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... Yorba Linda, Ca (PRWEB) , ... February 22, ... ... interactive virtual events for tech innovators, engineers, and scientists from around the world, ... event will place on February 22 and 23, 2017. This premier, online-only conference ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... -- Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: AEMD ), ... the ability of the Aethlon Hemopurifier® to capture latent ... immune-suppressed sepsis patients and also contribute to organ rejection ... the study was to validate the in vitro ... Herpes Simplex virus 1 (HSV1) by the Hemopurifier®. The ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... and RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C., Feb. 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... today announced its financial results for the fourth ... "Our annual 2016 financial results reflect continued growth ... exceeded $700 million," said Martine Rothblatt, Ph.D., United ... results strengthen our ability to develop and advance ...
Breaking Biology Technology: