Navigation Links
Researchers show how brain decodes complex smells

Duke University Medical Center researchers have discovered how the brain creates a scent symphony from signals sent by the nose.

In studies in mice, the researchers found that nerve cells in the brain's olfactory bulb -- the first stop for information from the nose -- do not perceive complex scent mixtures as single objects, such as the fragrance of a blooming rose. Instead, these nerve cells, or neurons, detect the host of chemical compounds that comprise a rose's perfume. Smarter sections of the brain's olfactory system then categorize and combine these compounds into a recognizable scent. According to the researchers, it's as if the brain has to listen to each musician's melody to hear a symphony.

Humans may rely on the same smell decoding system, because mice and men have similar brain structures for scent, including an olfactory bulb, the researchers said.

"We wanted to understand how the brain puts together scent signals to make an odor picture. We discovered the whole is the sum of its parts," said Da Yu Lin, Ph.D., who conducted the research as a graduate student studying with neurobiologist Lawrence Katz, Ph.D., a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator at Duke. Katz died in November 2005.

The research appears June 16, 2006, in the journal Neuron. The study was supported by the National Institutes of Health, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Ruth K. Broad Biomedical Research Foundation.

Scientists have long debated how the brain makes order out of the hundreds of volatile chemical compounds that assault the nose. Is the brain's odor code redundant, with single cells responding to multiple components in the smell of a freshly baked cookie? Or does the brain process each scent component like a jigsaw puzzle piece, assembling the signals until it recognizes the picture is a cookie?

To find answers, the Duke researchers exposed mice to different odors and measured response of neurons across the olfac
'"/>

Source:Duke University Medical Center


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers discover way to make cells in the eye sensitive to light
2. Researchers find how protein allows insects to detect and respond to pheromones
3. Researchers Uncover Key Step In Manufacture of Memory Protein
4. Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon
5. Researchers identify target for cancer drugs
6. Researchers discover molecule that causes secondary stroke
7. Researchers find missing genes of ancient organism
8. Researchers trace evolution to relatively simple genetic changes
9. Researchers add new tool to tumor-treatment arsenal
10. UF Researchers Map Bacterial Proteins That Cause Tooth Loss
11. VCU Researchers Identify Networks Of Genes Responding To Alcohol In The Brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Researchers show how brain decodes complex smells

(Date:12/19/2014)... LAS VEGAS , Dec. 18, 2014   LaunchKey ... built for the post-password and Internet of Things era, ... seed funding. The venture round was led by Metamorphic ... Capital, Rimrock Venture Partners, VegasTechFund, and others.  LaunchKey has ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... BELVOIR, Va. , Dec. 15, 2014 The ... it easier to detect and prevent counterfeit microcircuits from ... agency started performing an in-house microcircuit anti-counterfeit initiative dubbed ... purchased microcircuits while increasing their reliability throughout the supply ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Valencell, a leader in performance biometric data sensor ... leaders such as Intel, Jabra, Atlas, and Scosche to ... These products will be showcased at CES 2015, taking ... . "Our partners choose PerformTek biometrics, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):LaunchKey Raises $3 Million in Additional Funding Led by Metamorphic Ventures 2LaunchKey Raises $3 Million in Additional Funding Led by Metamorphic Ventures 3Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 3Valencell PerformTek Biometrics Power the Most Accurate Wearables at CES 2015 2
... tetrachloroethylene (PCE) -- found to have contaminated drinking water ... to 1985 have been linked to certain diseases and ... the National Research Council, Contaminated Water Supplies at Camp ... about the potential adverse health effects that could occur ...
... b3c newswire / - Dutch biotechnology company ... Scientific Research TNO today announced that they have entered ... viral gene delivery platform SVac . Under this agreement, ... and testing of viral gene delivery systems such as ...
... Society for Microbiology (ASM) Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics ... Melissa B. Miller, Ph.D., D(ABMM), director, Clinical ... Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, and associate director, ... North Carolina (UNC) School of Medicine, Chapel ...
Cached Biology News:Amarna Therapeutics B.V. and TNO announce SVac research and development partnership 2Amarna Therapeutics B.V. and TNO announce SVac research and development partnership 3
(Date:12/24/2014)... SILVER SPRING, Md. , Dec. 24, 2014  United ... that Medtronic, Inc. (NYSE: MDT ) has ... and Drug Administration (FDA) for the use of Medtronic,s ... a newly developed catheter) for use with United Therapeutics, ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Dec. 24, 2014  Vermillion, Inc. (Nasdaq:   VRML), ... announced today that the Company closed its previously ... Management, Jack W. Schuler , Birchview Fund ... $10.5 million, before offering expenses.  The proceeds will ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... December 23, 2014 “Preparative & ... HPLC, Flash), Consumables (Columns, Solvents, Buffers, Valves, Guages, ... & Agriculture) - Forecasts to 2019” provides a ... opportunities, current market trends, and strategies impacting the ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Earlier this year in a June 24 international ... Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC ( ASCTC ) focused attention ... adult tissue stem cells. His title “Asymmetric Self-Renewal by ... Future,” embodied the essence of his message to congress participants. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 2United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 3United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 4Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 2Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 2Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 4Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 2Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 3Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 4
... the future will utilise technologies not currently available. An ... carbon nanotubes as interconnects for computer chips. This is ... work from nanotechnology researchers within the Materials Ireland Polymer ... work to develop such junction structure nanotubes used various ...
... DIEGO, Nov. 21 Anadys Pharmaceuticals,Inc. (Nasdaq: ANDS ... 19th Annual,Piper Jaffray Healthcare Conference on Tuesday, November 27, ... is being held at the Pierre Hotel,in New York., ... of Anadys,Pharmaceuticals, Inc., will present an overview of Anadys ...
... SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif., Nov. 21 ,Exelixis, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... the company,s president and chief executive officer will present ... 1:00 p.m.,ET / 10:00 a.m. PT on Wednesday, November ... may be accessed in the Event,Calendar page under Investors ...
Cached Biology Technology:Anadys Pharmaceuticals to Present at the Piper Jaffray Health Care Conference 2
... catalyzes the degradation of single-stranded DNA and ... While the nuclease prefers ssDNA over dsDNA ... enzyme degrades double-stranded DNA from both ends ... for transcript mapping studies (3,4), for flushing ...
... cloning of BAC (100+kb), fosmid (40kb), and ... stability than any othe BAC vector. On ... yields and easy recombinant DNA purification. Available ... (pSMART VC) vectors for the highest insert ...
...
... Adapted to Sf-900 II ... isolated from Spodoptera frugiperda ... cells (1). The Sf21 ... serum-free suspension culture in ...
Biology Products: