Navigation Links
Prozac's target revealed

Researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on Long Island have identified which among several different kinds of cells in the brain is the chief target of the widely prescribed antidepressant Prozac. This discovery might enable a new generation of more specific treatments for depression, with fewer side effects, to be developed.

The findings also lay the foundation for many studies of the factors that control how, when, and where new neurons are generated from stem cells in the brain. Such work could eventually lead to cell replacement therapies for neurodegenerative and other brain disorders including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.

It has been known for some years that Prozac (fluoxetine) is likely to relieve the symptoms of depression by somehow causing more neurons to be present in a particular region of the brain (the "dentate gyrus"). But the origins of these neurons, and how Prozac promotes their existence, have been a mystery until now.

By profiling the telltale marker proteins produced by different kinds of cells in the brains of adult mice, the researchers first defined discrete steps in the complex process, called neurogenesis, that converts unspecialized stem cells into mature, specialized neurons.

Next, knowing that Prozac treatment somehow increases the number of neurons in the brain, the researchers tested which step in the neurogenesis pathway might be stimulated by Prozac. They found that Prozac treatment specifically stimulates the generation of a kind of cells they dubbed "amplifying neural progenitors" or ANPs--the second step in the neurogenesis pathway from stem cells to mature neurons. (Illustration available on request)

The study is published in the published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (advance on-line this week, in print on May 23). It was led by Grigori Enikolopov and spearheaded by postdoctoral fellow Juan Manuel Encinas.

To address the controversy surroundin g the use of Prozac in children and in pregnant women, Enikolopov's group is currently testing the effects of the drug on brain neurogenesis in juvenile and pregnant mice. The results of those experiments may provide valuable information for assessing the possible effects of Prozac and related drugs on fetal and adolescent brain development.

The researchers are currently using the approach and tools they've developed to explore whether other treatments for depression--including other drugs and deep brain stimulation--act in the same way as Prozac or in different ways. In addition, the scientists are screening for new drugs that expand the production of brain neurons by stimulating ANP cells to multiply.

In collaboration with NASA researchers, experiments are also under way at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory to assess how neurogenesis in the adult brain might be influenced by long-term, Mission-to-Mars levels of exposure to a particular kind of damaging radiation that's prevalent in space.


'"/>

Source:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory


Related biology news :

1. New binding target for oncogenic viral protein
2. Ancient olfaction protein is shared by many bugs, offering new pest control target
3. A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease
4. Muscle-targeted gene therapy reverses rare muscular dystrophy in mice
5. Researchers identify target for cancer drugs
6. Study reveals candidate targets for anti-retroviral therapeutics
7. MUHC researchers make cancer target breakthrough
8. Future diabetes drugs may target new protein interaction
9. Smart drug targets deadly brain cancer
10. NHGRI targets 12 more organisms for genome sequencing
11. While on trail of dioxin, scientists pinpoint cancer target of green tea
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017 ... just announced a new breakthrough in biometric authentication ... exploits quantum mechanical properties to perform biometric authentication. These ... smart semiconductor material created by Ram Group and ... finance, entertainment, transportation, supply chains and security. Ram ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... SANTA MONICA, Calif. , April 13, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... New York will feature emerging and ... Innovation Summits. Both Innovation Summits will run alongside the ... variety of speaker sessions, panels and demonstrations focused on ... east coast,s largest advanced design and manufacturing event will ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ:   NXTD ... the appointment of independent Directors Mr. Robin D. Richards ... of Directors, furthering the company,s corporate governance and expertise. ... Gino Pereira , Chief ... to their guidance and benefiting from their considerable expertise as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/22/2017)... , ... June 22, 2017 , ... The first human ... 20 years until the first data on cross-contamination of human cell lines with HeLa ... an increasing issue in cell culture labs and is associated with dramatic consequences for ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... CTNext board of directors has formed a Higher Education Entrepreneurship Advisory Committee to ... of institution presidents and other high-ranking representatives from 35 higher education institutions across ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... , June 20, 2017  Kibow Biotech Inc., a ... announce the issuance of a new patent covering a ... by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on May ... of the Buzz of Bio award in 2014 in ... to developing non-drug approaches to chronic disease. Renadyl™, the ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... GigaGen Inc ., ... immune repertoires, announces launch of its new Surge(TM) Discovery service at ... of GigaGen, will present on Surge at the conference. , Surge is the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: