Navigation Links
Plants' role in global warming re-examined

Estimates of increased plant respiration in response to higher global temperatures may be somewhat overstated as they have not taken into account plants' ability to adjust to changing conditions, according to researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

In a Perspectives paper published April 28 by Science, a team led by Tony King cites ORNL findings suggesting that about 9 percent more carbon will be stored in plants and soil with the acclimation of plants included in the model. While this amount is relatively small compared to different climate-carbon simulations performed over the years, the authors note that this acclimation phenomenon should not be ignored.

"This is carbon that might otherwise be released to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide and could further influence future climate change," said King, a researcher in ORNL's Environmental Sciences Division. "Our ability to accurately predict global change over the next several decades depends upon having a thorough understanding of multiple interacting factors, including plant respiration.

"The fact is that plants adapt to higher temperatures and their levels of respiration adjust downward."

While some previous climate-carbon simulations have included differentiation among vegetation types, none have incorporated an explicit time-dependent acclimation of plant respiration to increasing temperatures. ORNL researchers also looked at the influence of temperature acclimation at both the local ecosystem and global scales.

ORNL's study looked at the period from 1930 to 2100, with and without acclimation of leaf respiration.

"All other things being equal, as they are in our simulations, more carbon stored in plants and soils corresponds to less carbon released to the atmosphere in response to climate change, and a weaker positive feedback between carbon and climate and a weaker amplification of additional warming," the authors write.

The paper concludes by sayi ng, "There is also a need to better understand the control of respiration itself. The development, testing and adoption of a mechanistic and bio-chemical model of plant respiration are needed. To more reliably project plant respiration and climate-carbon feedbacks in a future climate, this modeling must incorporate response to temperature, including acclimation, at time scales from minutes to years."

On a global scale, plants release about 60 gigatons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere each year as they carry out their life functions.

Other authors of the Perspectives piece were Carla Gunderson, Wilfred "Mac" Post, David Weston and Stan Wullschleger of the Environmental Sciences Division.


'"/>

Source:DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Related biology news :

1. Scientists collaborate to assess health of global environment
2. Nonlinear Dynamics announces more details of its global partnership with PerkinElmer
3. DuPonts first biologically derived polymer receives global recognition
4. Virus-host interactions at sea effect global photosynthesis
5. Hopkins AIDS experts issue warning about global efforts to provide drug therapies
6. Scientists discover global pattern of big fish diversity in open oceans
7. AIDS expert says global strategy needed to combat feminization of HIV/AIDS
8. Marine bacterium suspected to play role in global carbon and nitrogen cycles
9. Errors in the measurement of global warming corrected
10. Clean skies=faster global warming?
11. Storing carbon to combat global warming may cause other environmental problems, study suggests
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/27/2017)... 27, 2017  Catholic Health Services (CHS) has ... Society (HIMSS) Analytics for achieving Stage 6 on ... . In addition, CHS previously earned a place ... an electronic medical record (EMR). "HIMSS ... of EMR usage in an outpatient setting.  This ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Biometric ... of around 15.1% over the next decade to reach approximately $1,580 ... market estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on global ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Vehicle Anti-Theft System Market ... the next decade to reach approximately $14.21 billion by 2025. ... for all the given segments on global as well as regional ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... March 27, 2017 , ... ... generally produce small, heterogeneous samples with limited tumor content in a large background ... be resolved, such as the need for reliable detection of low abundance somatic ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... Md. , March 27, 2017  The ... billion for 2016, according to a new report ... medical lab testing is performed to evaluate disease ... individual therapy, among other reasons.  The healthcare market ... Market , provides an overview of the ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... DUBLIN , March 27, 2017 ... access to a comprehensive library of reports on Valero ... the transportation fuels and petrochemical industries. ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO) ... is biofuel production to go green. Ethanol today, even though ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... March 27, 2017 , ... A research ... customizable vascular grafts in JoVE’s Video Journal, the world’s first peer-reviewed scientific video ... ways of treating coronary artery disease (CAD). Lam is an assistant professor at ...
Breaking Biology Technology: