Navigation Links
Plague proteome reveals proteins linked to infection

Recreating growth conditions in flea carriers and mammal hosts, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists have uncovered 176 proteins and likely proteins in the plague-bacterium Yersinia pestis whose numbers rise and fall according to the disease’s virulence.

The team, led by the Department of Energy laboratory staff scientists Mary Lipton and Kim Hixson, identified the proteins as “unique biomarkers related specifically to growth condition,?according to a study in the latest issue of the Journal of Proteome Research. Biomarkers associated with disease progression show promise as detection tools in public health and biodefense and can guide drug and vaccine designers in their quest to disrupt the microbe’s ability to infect.

Y. pestis is the bacterium that caused the infamous Black Death plagues. Fleas are vectors for the disease and can spread it to rodent and human hosts. This study mimicked environmental conditions of Y. pestis in flea and in mammalian systems.

The proteome is a survey of proteins in a cell. Lipton, Hixson and colleagues at the PNNL-based Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory used proteomic techniques called accurate mass and time tag mass spectrometry and clustering analysis to compare abundance changes in 992 proteins under four different growth conditions, at 26 degrees and 37 degrees Celsius and with and without calcium.

They found 89 candidate proteins with similar abundance changes to 29 known virulence-linked proteins, and an additional 87 disease-condition-associated “hypothetical?proteins. The Institute for Genomic Research defines a hypothetical protein as one identified by a gene-finding algorithm that matches no other known protein sequence or contains no other evidence that it is an actual product of a gene.

The study authors said the same approach is being applied to a search for biomarkers across a wide range of biological syst ems, from other infectious agents such as Salmonella to soil microbes of interest in cleaning up toxic waste.
'"/>

Source:DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


Related biology news :

1. A wolf in sheeps clothing: Plague bacteria reveal one of their virulence tricks
2. Scientists characterize proteome of human cornea
3. A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease
4. First real-time view of developing neurons reveals surprises, say Stanford researchers
5. Examination of internal wiring of yeast, worm, and fly reveals conserved circuits
6. NYU study reveals how brains immune system fights viral encephalitis
7. Study reveals new technique for fingerprinting environmental samples
8. Study reveals dramatic difference between breast cancers in US and Africa
9. UCSD research reveals mechanism involved with type of fatal epilepsy
10. Study reveals candidate targets for anti-retroviral therapeutics
11. Chimp genome reveals a retroviral invasion

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/26/2016)... 27, 2016 Research and ... Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report to their offering.  , ... The analysts forecast the global multimodal biometrics ... during the period 2016-2020.  Multimodal biometrics ... such as the healthcare, BFSI, transportation, automotive, and ...
(Date:4/13/2016)... , April 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid ... setting a new clinical standard in telehealth thanks to ... leveraging the higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track ... and body mass index, and, when they opt in, ... convenient visit to a local retail location at no ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... , March 22, 2016 ... research report "Electronic Sensors Market for Consumer Industry by ... & Others), Application (Communication & IT, Entertainment, ... - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... is expected to reach USD 26.76 Billion ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... , May 4, 2016  Bayer today announced ... compound Stivarga ® (regorafenib) tablets for the ... has met its primary endpoint of a statistically ... RESORCE, evaluated the efficacy and safety of regorafenib ... after treatment with sorafenib. The safety and tolerability ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... ... PBI-Gordon Corporation is pleased to announce Doug Obermann has been promoted to ... PBI-Gordon in February 1988, after finishing his masters in agronomy from Iowa State University. ... to national product manager, to helping develop, name and launch many of the most ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... development, skill-building and compliance training platform on mobile devices, today released a new ... Regulatory Requirements for Medical Devices. The course is essential for owners or operators ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Flagship Biosciences, the ... Gillett to its Board of Directors. Dr. Gillett recently retired from Charles River ... President and Chief Scientific Officer. A board-certified veterinary pathologist, Dr. Gillett joined Charles ...
Breaking Biology Technology: