Navigation Links
Placenta Is A Rich Source Of Blood Stem Cells

Researchers at Children's Hospital Boston and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute report a surprising finding about embryonic development: the blood system begins to form not only in the embryo itself, but also in the placenta, the organ that nurtures the baby in utero.

Meticulous experiments in mice revealed that the placenta harbors a large supply of hematopoietic (blood-forming) stem cells. These cells, which appear very early in development, are able to generate more blood stem cells and can give rise to a complete blood system when transplanted into an adult. Unlike other sites where blood stem cells are found during embryonic development, such as the liver, the stem cells in the placenta can increase in number without giving rise to mature, specialized cells.

''There must be something unique about the placenta that nurtures blood stem cells and discourages them from differentiating,'' says Dr. Stuart Orkin, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator at Children's and DFCI, and a senior investigator of the study. ''If we figure out what's special about the placental environment, we may learn how to grow blood stem cells in large numbers for clinical application.''

Blood stem cells are used in treating blood cancers like leukemia and other blood diseases, and in patients receiving transplants, but growing them in quantity is difficult. The cells don't multiply readily in the laboratory, so they must be harvested from bone marrow by needle aspiration, a painful procedure, or coaxed into the blood and then collected. Both methods yield only a limited number of blood stem cells.

For more than a decade, scientists have believed that blood stem cells are made only in the embryo itself, within the region of the developing aorta. No role was suspected for the placenta, which has been seen as simply a place for nutrient exchange and waste removal between mother and fetus. But rather than merely providing nutrients, Orkin says, the placent a may also provide an ''infusion'' of blood stem cells to the fetus.

''This research reveals a new organ for blood development,'' Orkin says. ''It is surprising that this role for the placenta has been overlooked for so many years.''

The study, published in the March issue of the journal Developmental Cell, found that blood stem cells appeared in the placenta early, with numbers peaking mid-gestation. Only the fetal liver, where blood stem cells are known to expand tremendously, had greater numbers of blood stem cells.

Children's Hospital Boston is home to the world's largest research enterprise based at a pediatric medical center, where its discoveries have benefited both children and adults for over 136 years. More than 500 scientists, including eight members of the National Academy of Sciences, nine members of the Institute of Medicine and 10 members of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute comprise Children's research community. Founded in 1869 as a 20-bed hospital for children, Children's Hospital Boston today is a 325-bed comprehensive center for pediatric and adolescent health care grounded in the values of excellence in patient care and sensitivity to the complex needs and diversity of children and families. Children's also is the primary pediatric teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School. For more information about the hospital visit: http://www.childrenshospital.org/research.


'"/>

Source:Children's Hospital Boston


Related biology news :

1. Source of molecular triggers in cutaneous T cell lymphoma identified
2. Finding Cures For Tropical Diseases: Is Open Source An Answer?
3. Open Source Biotechnology alliance for international agriculture
4. Source of crucial immune cell in the skin discovered
5. Infants With Rare Genetic Disease Saved by Cord Blood Stem Cells
6. White Blood Cell Waste Disposal System Plays Critical Regulatory Role
7. Mystery Blood Vessel Disorder Implicated In Mini Strokes
8. Infants with Rare Genetic Disease Saved By Cord Blood Stem Cells
9. Young Blood Revives Aging Muscles, Stanford Researchers Find
10. Stem Cells to Solve the Blood Shortage Problem?
11. Blood flow in brain takes a twist, affecting views of Alzheimers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/20/2016)... , May 20, 2016  VoiceIt is excited ... with VoicePass. By working together, VoiceIt ...  Because VoiceIt and VoicePass take slightly different approaches ... increases both security and usability. ... about this new partnership. "This marketing ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... and BANGALORE, India , April 28, ... Systems, a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: INFY ... announced a global partnership that will provide end ... use mobile banking and payment services.      (Logo: ... key innovation area for financial services, but it also plays ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... , April 15, 2016  A new ... make more accurate underwriting decisions in a fraction ... timely, competitively priced and high-value life insurance policies ... screenings. With Force Diagnostics, rapid testing ... lifestyle data readings (blood pressure, weight, pulse, BMI, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016  The Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) is pleased to announce ... cures for prostate cancer. Members of the Class of 2016 were selected from ... Read More About the Class of 2016 PCF Young Investigators ... ... ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... STACS DNA Inc., the sample tracking software ... State Crime Laboratory, has joined STACS DNA as a Field Application Specialist. , ... Tremblay, President and COO of STACS DNA. “In further expanding our capacity as a ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- Andrew D Zelenetz , ... Published recently in Oncology & ... Andrew D Zelenetz , discusses the fact ... placing an increasing burden on healthcare systems worldwide, ... the patents on many biologics expiring, interest in ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... Velocity ... intelligent tools designed, tuned and optimized exclusively for Okuma CNC machining centers at ... result of a collaboration among several companies with expertise in toolholding, cutting tools, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: