Navigation Links
Pathogen-Mimicking Vaccine As Strategy For Cancer Therapy

Results from the first clinical trial of a therapeutic cancer vaccine combining the synthetic bacterial DNA sequence, CpG 7909 (ProMuneTM, Coley Pharmaceutical), with a peptide antigen were reported today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The paper shows that the CpG 7909 DNA sequence is safe, and increases the immune system's ability to recognize and destroy cancer cells. The Phase I study was conducted by the Lausanne Branch of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research (LICR) at the Lausanne University Hospital in Switzerland, in the framework of the international Cancer Vaccine Collaborative (CVC), a partnership established by the New York-based Cancer Research Institute (CRI) and the LICR.

"What we're doing is testing a novel adjuvant, a compound that stimulates the immunological response to a vaccine, which is essentially tricking the immune system into thinking the vaccine is a bacterial infection," says lead author Dr. Daniel Speiser from the LICR Lausanne Branch. "The immune system mounts a response against the peptide antigen, the cancer-specific target, in the vaccine, and thus also against the antigen on the cancer cells."

The vaccine, combining the CpG 7909 adjuvant and Incomplete Freund's Adjuvant (IFA) with a synthetic peptide (protein fragment) from a melanoma antigen known as Melan-A/MART-1, induced CD8+ T cells that specifically recognized cells displaying Melan-A/MART-1 on their surface. This T cell response occurred in all eight patients in the trial. Responses were one order of magnitude higher than those observed in eight patients who received the Melan-A/MART-1 antigen with IFA but without CpG 7909 in previous studies.

According to Dr. Jill O'Donnell-Tormey, the Executive Director of CRI, the trial is part of the CVC's systematic, coordinated vaccine development approach that compares single vaccine variables in parallel. "We've identified many cancer antigens, and the challenge is to determine which cancer vaccine compositions induce a strong and sustained immune response against particular antigens. The results from this trial represent a substantial step forward in this regard. This conclusion is justified because we are using reproducible immunological monitoring across the CVC, allowing a more accurate comparison of the effects of CpG 7909 in this trial with the results of several other adjuvants that have been tested in other trials. By comparing single variables in parallel we believe we can develop effective cancer vaccines in a much shorter time than the conventional approach of trying variables sequentially." The CVC has clinical research sites in Australia, Belgium, Germany, Japan, Switzerland, the UK and the USA.


'"/>

Source:Ludwig Institute For Cancer Research


Related biology news :

1. FDA Approves Human Hookworm Vaccine for Phase I Safety Trials
2. Live Recombinant Adenovirus Vaccine Technique Explored
3. Gene Vaccine Protects Mice Against Development Of Her2/neu Breast Cancer
4. NIAID Initiates Trial of Experimental Avian Flu Vaccine
5. Study Models Impact Of Anthrax Vaccine
6. New Insights Into HIV Immunity Suggest Alternative Approach to Vaccines
7. EuroVacc 02 HIV Vaccine Trial Begins
8. Active Vaccine Prevents Mice From Developing Prion Disease
9. New Vaccine To Be Used For First Time In Polio Outbreak Response
10. Boosting The BCG Vaccine To Beat Tuberculosis
11. Visceral Leishmaniasis: Successful Vaccine Trial In Dogs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/3/2016)... , June 3, 2016 ... von Nepal hat ... Lieferung hochsicherer geprägter Kennzeichen, einschließlich Personalisierung, Registrierung ... in der Produktion und Implementierung von Identitätsmanagementlösungen. ... Ausschreibung im Januar teilgenommen, aber Decatur wurde ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... , June 2, 2016   The Weather Company ... announcing Watson Ads, an industry-first capability in which consumers will ... being able to ask questions via voice or text and ... Marketers have long sought an ... consumer, that can be personal, relevant and valuable; and can ...
(Date:6/1/2016)... 1, 2016 Favorable Government Initiatives ... and Criminal Identification to Boost Global Biometrics System Market ... TechSci Research report, " Global Biometrics Market By ... and Opportunities, 2011 - 2021", the global biometrics market ... on account of growing security concerns across various end ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... , June 27, 2016  Sequenom, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... to enabling healthier lives through the development of innovative ... of the United States denied ... that the claims of Sequenom,s U.S. Patent No. 6,258,540 ... eligibility criteria established by the Supreme Court,s Mayo Collaborative ...
(Date:6/27/2016)...  Liquid Biotech USA , ... Sponsored Research Agreement with The University of Pennsylvania ... cancer patients.  The funding will be used to ... clinical outcomes in cancer patients undergoing a variety ... employed to support the design of a therapeutic, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... NC (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Researchers ... the most commonly-identified miRNAs in people with peritoneal or pleural mesothelioma. Their findings are ... to read it now. , Diagnostic biomarkers are signposts in the blood, lung ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... SPRING, Md. , June 23, 2016 A ... collected from the crime scene to track the criminal down. ... and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) uses DNA ... Sound far-fetched? It,s not. The ... genome sequencing to support investigations of foodborne illnesses. Put as ...
Breaking Biology Technology: