Navigation Links
Pak1 expression increases tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer patients

A protein that activates estrogen receptors in breast cancer may play a role in resistance to therapeutic effects of anti-estrogen tamoxifen treatment, according to a study in the May 17 Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Pak 1 is a member of a family of proteins involved in many cell functions, such as gene expression, cell movement, and cell death. Previous studies have suggested that the presence of this protein may lead to more invasive breast cancer.

Goran Landberg, M.D., Lund University in Malmö, Sweden, and colleagues examined Pak1 expression in 403 premenopausal women with breast cancer. The women participated in a clinical trial where they were randomly assigned to receive tamoxifen therapy or no treatment. The authors examined whether tumor levels of Pak1 were associated with the women's chances of breast cancer recurrence and the effects of tamoxifen therapy.

The authors found that increased Pak1 expression was associated with increased resistance to tamoxifen therapy for women with estrogen receptor positive breast cancer. Patients with ER-positive tumors and low levels of Pak1 had longer survival without tumor recurrence than patients who did not receive treatment. Overexpression of certain types of Pak1 was associated with decreased response to tamoxifen therapy.

The authors write, "Overall, our observations suggest that Pak1 activation and nuclear localization contribute to the reduced tamoxifen sensitivity that has been observed in some breast tumor cells. Therapies that target Pak1 expression or activity may therefore represent a strategy to increase the endocrine treatment response in breast cancer."

In an accompanying editorial, V. Craig Jordan, Ph.D., D.Sc., of Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, discusses what is known about resistance to tamoxifen therapy. He writes, "The clinical correlations reported by Holm et al. indicate that packing tumor cell nuclei with Pak can perturb t amoxifen's action. The tumor, once "Paked up", has no alternative but to grow."


'"/>

Source:Journal of the National Cancer Institute


Related biology news :

1. Alcohols effects on gene expression in the central nervous system
2. Carnegie Mellon scientists develop tool that uses MRI to visualize gene expression in living animals
3. Towards precise classification of cancers based on robust gene functional expression profiles
4. Expression Project for Oncology (expO) completes first phase of standardized gene expression analyses
5. Study: homemade gene expression technology unreliable
6. Cooperation is key—a new way of looking at MicroRNA and how it controls gene expression
7. Agilent Technologies releases probe sequence, annotation information for all its commercial gene expression microarrays
8. Multiple-drug resistant gene expression pattern predicts treatment outcome for pediatric leukemia
9. Computational verification of protein-protein interactions by orthologous co-expression
10. Random gene expression may drive HIV into hiding
11. Confirmation of human protein interaction data by human expression data
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017 The ... Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, ... Region - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... 2016 and is projected to reach USD 75.64 Billion ... and 2022. The base year considered for the study ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 The Controller General of Immigration from ... Abdulla Algeen have received the prestigious international IAIR Award for the ... Continue Reading ... ... Controller Abdulla Algeen (small picture on the right) have received the IAIR ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... The report "Gesture Recognition and Touchless Sensing Market by Technology (Touch-based ... to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be worth USD ... 2022. Continue Reading ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... and LAGUNA HILLS, Calif. , Oct. ... Cancer Research, London (ICR) and University ... SKY92, SkylineDx,s prognostic tool to risk-stratify patients with multiple myeloma ... MUK nine . The University of Leeds ... partly funded by Myeloma UK, and ICR will perform the ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... 2017 , ... San Diego-based team building and cooking events company, Lajollacooks4u, has ... The bold new look is part of a transformation to increase awareness, appeal to ... period. , It will also expand its service offering from its signature gourmet cooking ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... 10, 2017 International research firm Parks Associates announced ... at the TMA 2017 Annual Meeting , October 11 in ... residential home security market and how smart safety and security products impact ... Parks Associates: Smart Home ... "The residential security market has ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... DIEGO , Oct. 9, 2017  BioTech ... biological mechanism by which its ProCell stem cell ... critical limb ischemia.  The Company, demonstrated that treatment ... amount of limbs saved as compared to standard ... the molecule HGF resulted in reduction of therapeutic ...
Breaking Biology Technology: