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One-third of adults with diabetes still don't know they have it

also found that:
  • nearly 22 percent of people age 65 and older had diabetes.
  • about 13 percent of non-Hispanic blacks age 20 and older had diabetes. Diabetes was twice as common in non-Hispanic blacks compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • about 8 percent of Mexican Americans age 20 and older had diabetes. Because the average age of Mexican Americans is younger than for other groups, the age-and sex-adjusted prevalence of diabetes in Mexican Americans is twice that of non-Hispanic whites and about equal to that of non-Hispanic blacks.
  • IFG and undiagnosed diabetes were about 70 percent more common in men than in women, especially in non-Hispanic white men.
  • nearly 40 percent of people age 65 and older had IFG, which becomes more common with age.

In the study, the researchers compared two slices of data, one from 1988 to 1994 and the other from 1999 to 2002. The data were derived from a national sample of U.S. adults age 20 years and older who took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted by the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. Survey participants were interviewed in their homes and received a physical exam with a blood test, which included a glucose reading taken after an overnight fast. The NHANES is unique because it includes a blood test that detects undiagnosed diabetes and IFG.

"This study updates and generally corroborates earlier analyses that were based on 2 years of NHANES data," said lead author Catherine Cowie, Ph.D., of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). "We're seeing a rising prevalence of diagnosed diabetes that is not substantially offset by a drop in the rate of undiagnosed--about one-third of adults with diabetes still don't know they have it. Another 26 percent of adults have a form of pre-diabetes."

Pre-diabetes, which usually causes no symptoms, is serious because many people with the condition develop
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Source:NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


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