Navigation Links
Oil spills and climate change double the mortality rate of British seabirds

New research from the University of Sheffield has shown that major oil spills and a changing climate have had a far greater impact on populations of British sea birds than was previously thought.

A team led by Professor Tim Birkhead from the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at the University of Sheffield, shows for the first time that major oil spills double the mortality rate of adult guillemots in Britain, even though the pollution occurs hundreds of miles from the birds' breeding grounds. The research, which is to be published in the November issue of Ecology Letters also shows a direct link between a warmer climate in the North Atlantic and a higher mortality rate among British guillemots.

Professor Birkhead's long-term guillemot study has been carried out on Skomer Island, Wales, since 1972. The length of the ongoing study has allowed the research team to study the effects of a number of serious winter oil spills on the guillemot population. Their findings show that highly publicised oil spills in southern Europe, such as the Prestige oil tanker disaster off the coast of Galicia, Spain, in November 2002, have far-reaching consequences on seabirds breeding far from the scene of the initial pollution.

The study has also found that consistently high values of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index (an annual measure of a large scale climatic phenomenon affecting winds, temperature and rainfall) for the past 30 years, has had a negative effect on the guillemot population of Skomer Island.

Professor Tim Birkhead of the University of Sheffield said: "Prior to our investigation of the guillemot population of Skomer Island, the impact of oil pollution on seabird mortality rates at a particular colony was difficult to quantify as oil spills usually occur in wintering areas where birds from many different colonies may be distributed over a wide area. However, our long-term monitoring of individually marked birds on Skomer I sland has enabled us to see a direct correlation between major oil pollution events and a twofold increase in winter mortality rates of common guillemots.

"Our research has also shown that the NAO index has had a significant effect on the guillemot population. The consistently high values of this climatic phenomenon for the past 30 years may be due to human-induced global climate change. If this is the case, it would mean that seabirds are vulnerable to human activities on two counts: oil pollution from tanker spills and changes to the ecosystem as measured by the NAO index and caused by global climate change from man's burning of fossil fuels."


'"/>

Source:Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Related biology news :

1. Scientists find fossil proof of Egypts ancient climate
2. Small species back-up giant marsupial climate change extinction claim
3. Africa to take it on chin again with climate change
4. Ocean climate predicts elk population in Canadian Rockies
5. Deep sea algae connect ancient climate, carbon dioxide and vegetation
6. York scientists warn of dramatic impact of climate change on Africa
7. New markers of climate change
8. Disappearing arctic lakes linked to climate change
9. Field tested: Grasslands wont help buffer climate change as carbon dioxide levels rise
10. Study shows big game hunters, not climate change, killed off sloths
11. Lethal needle blight epidemic may be related to climate change
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/25/2016)... Pa. , Jan. 25, 2016   Unisys Corporation ... system at John F. Kennedy (JFK) International Airport, New ... Protection (CBP) identify imposters attempting to enter the ... not belong to them. pilot testing of the ... initially at three terminals at JFK during January 2016. --> ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... DUBLIN , Jan. 22, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the "Global ... report to their offering. --> ... of the "Global Biometrics Market in ... offering. --> Research and ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... 2016   MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based ... clinical research, is pleased to announce the attainment of ... the result of the company,s laser focus on (and ... , it,s comprehensive, easy-to-use and highly affordable cloud-based technology ... Key MedNet growth achievements in 2015 include: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... and GERMANTOWN, Maryland , ... Frankfurt Prime Standard: QIA) today announced the introduction of ... gene expression profiling, expanding QIAGEN,s portfolio of Sample to ... researchers to select from over 20,000 human genes and ... between genes, cellular phenotypes and disease processes. --> ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... focused on the development and manufacture of biopharmaceuticals and therapeutics, announces an ... the 2016 BioProcess International Awards – Recognizing Excellence in the People, Organizations ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Buffalo, New York (PRWEB) , ... February 11, ... ... and analytical instruments for more than 150 years, continues today to pursue the ... to its line of analytical instruments: the AR9 Refractometer and the AR5 Refractometer. ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Early-career researchers from ... , Uganda and Yemen ... nutrition   Indonesia , Nepal ... Yemen are being honored for their accomplishments in ... celebrated for mentoring young women scientists who are pursuing careers in agriculture, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: