Navigation Links
Ocean acidification threatens cold-water coral ecosystems

eclines," says Guinotte. "But now we suspect that this increase in CO2 will have a detrimental effect on cold-water corals as well. Cold-water reefs are at greater risk than shallow-water reefs because colder waters are naturally less hospitable for coral growth."

The uptake of CO2 by oceans initiates a series of chemical reactions that increase acidity and decrease carbonate ion concentration in seawater. Corals and other marine organisms (e.g. some species of plankton and mollusks) use carbonate ions to build their skeletons or shells. Model projections indicate that by 2100, only 30 percent of cold-water reefs will still be in waters supersaturated with aragonite. With fewer carbonate ions available, there could be a dramatic reduction in the growth of both the corals and marine plankton species that make their shells from aragonite. As the oceans become more acidic, corals are expected to build weaker skeletons, a process similar to osteoporosis in humans.

Cold-water corals provide habitat for many commercially important fish species and harbor several species of sponges that produce chemicals with anti-cancer and other medicinal uses. Unfortunately, says Guinotte, just as scientists are finding out how diverse and important cold-water corals are, they are being threatened by a one-two punch.

"First, bottom trawlers smash them to bits. Then, ocean acidification will probably slow the skeletal growth and/or lead to weaker skeletons of those that remain. Ocean acidification will likely have serious and wide-reaching impacts, not only for coral ecosystems but for all life in the oceans. Many species of marine plankton use carbonate ions and occupy the base of most marine food webs, so a reduction in their numbers could lead to harmful effects throughout marine ecosystems."

Only a decrease in the burning of fossil fuels is likely to slow this trend, say Guinotte and colleagues.


'"/>

Source:Ecological Society of America


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Oceans more vulnerable to agricultural runoff than previously thought, study finds
2. Breakthrough System for Understanding Ocean Plant Life Announced
3. Ocean climate predicts elk population in Canadian Rockies
4. New Scripps Oceanography project to study sediments and ecosystem restoration in Venice lagoon
5. Oceans turning to acid from rise in CO2
6. The Antarctic Ocean floor
7. Ocean dead zones trigger sex changes in fish, posing extinction threat
8. Oceans are 70 percent shark free
9. Ocean virus identified in human blood samples
10. MIT: Oceans are a major gene swap-meet for plankton
11. Ocean temperature predicts spread of marine species
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Ocean acidification threatens cold water coral ecosystems

(Date:4/23/2014)... conclusive evidence that the source of a unique rhythmic ... called the "bio-duck," is the Antarctic minke whale ( ... personnel in the 1960s who thought it sounded like ... various locations in the Southern Ocean, but its source ... 2013, an international team of researchers deployed acoustic tags ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... the likelihood of an accurate group decision increases with ... when a collective faces a variety of factors ... University researchers report that smaller groups actually tend to ... excessively focused on only certain pieces of information. , ... known about collective intelligence, or the "wisdom of crowds," ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... The shale gas boom has transformed the energy ... locations, it could cause conflict among the energy ... resources, say researchers. They add that degraded water ... adequate safeguards. The feature article appears in the ... , Meagan S. Mauter and colleagues point out ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean 2Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean 3Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making 2Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making 3How to avoid water wars between 'fracking' industry and residents 2
... January 11, 2010 Why do some people like to ... hand, taking the opposite tack by buying insurance to reduce ... Hebrew University of Jerusalem and two Asian universities say the ... team set out to tackle the long-standing question in economic ...
... standards to help ensure the quality and enhance the ... and a variety of functional foods are being proposed ... internationally recognized compendium of quality standards for food ingredients. ... breast milk and commonly added to infant formula, and ...
... Ohio Blocking the function of an enzyme in the ... nerve cells from dying after a stroke, new research suggests. ... that the tocotrienol form of vitamin E, an alternative to ... acids that eventually kill neurons. The Ohio State University ...
Cached Biology News:Why do people 'play the longshot' and buy insurance? It's in our genes 2Quality and safety of infant formulas, functional foods enhanced by new standards 2Quality and safety of infant formulas, functional foods enhanced by new standards 3Study reveals how one form of natural vitamin E protects brain after stroke 2Study reveals how one form of natural vitamin E protects brain after stroke 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... Biotechnology Company, Limited ("TaiGen") today announced that they have ... pharmaceutical company, to develop and commercialize nemonoxacin (Taigexyn ® ... Turkey and other members of ... for the treatment of bacterial infections including those caused ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services have ... at 2pm EST (11am PST), “Natural Language Processing: Converting ... how technology can turn raw, heterogeneous data into actionable ... The online webinar will last approximately one hour. , ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Jan. 14, 2014  3D Communications, a leading provider of strategic communications ... and media events in the United States ... Virginia Cox , JD, is returning to the firm,s ... re-joins 3D after more than two years of service as ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... NY (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 EquitiesIQ, ... Alliqua, Inc. (OTCQB: ALQA). Alliqua is an emerging biomedical ... serve the wound care market. , Free report download: ... restructured with a seasoned management team and Board, which ...
Breaking Biology Technology:TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 2TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 3TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 4Webcast - Natural Language Processing: Converting Raw Data into Actionable Knowledge – Hosted by Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services 2Former FDA Associate Commissioner Returns To 3D Communications 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3
... REDWOOD CITY, Calif., March 4 Maxygen, Inc.,(Nasdaq: ... the development of,improved protein drugs, today announced changes ... president in charge of global,business development and U.S. ... business officer. In addition, the company announced the,pending ...
... new independent non-executive directors added to Board with ... ... appointed independent non-executive Chairman, BRISBANE, Australia, March 4 ... John Lee and Robert Williamson to the Company,s Board as,independent ...
... Biosciences,(Nasdaq: MATK ) announced today that life,sDHA, its ... heart health, is available in new So,Good Omega DHA ... selling soymilk brand. Available in original or vanilla flavor, ... major retailers throughout,Canada., "So Good Omega DHA Soymilk ...
Cached Biology Technology:Maxygen Announces Management Changes 2Progen Expands Board of Directors 2Progen Expands Board of Directors 3Progen Expands Board of Directors 4Canada's Best-Selling Soymilk Now Available with Martek's life'sDHA 2Canada's Best-Selling Soymilk Now Available with Martek's life'sDHA 3
... Blocker Array II can be used ... against various proteins and sera that are ... carriers. The array contains spots for 19 ... Application: Determination of antibody crossreactivity and species ...
... Tecans new HydroFlex platform provides excellent ... range of 96-well format applications, including ... protein arrays, and vacuum filtration-to-waste, such ... outstanding on-line control features set new ...
... and Accurate Results Laser Capture Microdissection ... sensitivity and accuracy of molecular assays by ... and multi-cellular structures isolated from whole tissue ... microdissection-developed in 1996 at the National Institutes ...
...
Biology Products: