Navigation Links
Nurtured chimps rake it in

Human interaction and stimulation enhance chimpanzees’ cognitive abilities, according to new research from the Chimpanzee Cognition Center at The Ohio State University. The study (1) is the first to demonstrate that raising chimpanzees in a human cultural environment enhances their cognitive abilities, as measured by their ability to understand how tools work. The findings have just been published online in the Springer journal Animal Cognition.

The scientists compared three groups of chimpanzees: one with a history of long-term stable, social interaction with humans (‘enculturated’); a group raised in a sanctuary setting, with only caretaker contact with humans (‘semi-enculturated’); and another group raised under more austere captive conditions (laboratory chimpanzees). The experiments looked at how the chimpanzees used rakes in order to retrieve a fruit yoghurt reward. The overall study examined not only whether the chimpanzees understood the properties of the tool, but also whether they understood the reasons why the tool worked.

The researchers gave the animals access to small rakes with either a rigid wooden head or a flimsy fabric head. Both enculturated and semi-enculturated chimpanzees correctly chose the rigid rake which enabled them to obtain the reward, indicating that both of these groups understood the physical properties of the two different rakes.

The researchers then presented the same two groups with two identical ‘hybrid’ rakes. Each rake head had a rigid side made of wood (functional) and another side made of flimsy cloth (non-functional). The reward was placed in front of the rigid side of one rake, and in front of the flimsy side of the second rake. The animals who picked the rake with the food reward on the rigid side demonstrated that they understood the causal principles behind the functionality of the rake.

The enculturated chimpanzees successfully selected the functional rake, while the sanct uary chimpanzees chose randomly between the two hybrid tools. The captive laboratory chimpanzees failed both tests, as demonstrated in previously published work (2).

According to Dr. Sarah Boysen, who led the study, “We think our findings mean that the conditions under which chimpanzees are raised, housed, and maintained have long-term effects on their cognitive development, and offer direct comparisons with early experience, issues of attachment, and preschool education for human infants and children,”

The authors conclude that the differences in performance between the three groups are directly attributable to the significant effect of level of enculturation. They add that “enculturated chimpanzees may be better at learning within a highly social, interactive context because they have heightened attention to the actions of others.”


'"/>

Source:Springer


Related biology news :

1. E. coli bacteria migrating between humans, chimps in Ugandan park
2. Analysis of rhesus monkey genome uncovers genetic differences with humans, chimps
3. Female chimps keep the bullies at bay

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/13/2017)... April 13, 2017 UBM,s Advanced Design and ... will feature emerging and evolving technology through its 3D ... will run alongside the expo portion of the event ... and demonstrations focused on trending topics within 3D printing ... and manufacturing event will take place June 13-15, 2017 at ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 Crossmatch®, a ... authentication solutions, today announced that it has been ... Research Projects Activity (IARPA) to develop next-generation Presentation ... "Innovation has been a driving force ... program will allow us to innovate and develop ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... N.Y. , April 11, 2017 ... fingerprints, but researchers at the New York University ... College of Engineering have found that partial similarities ... security systems used in mobile phones and other ... thought. The vulnerability lies in the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/22/2017)... , ... June 21, 2017 , ... ... office in North Carolina, and engages Timothy Reinhardt to manage the new site. ... leadership at Pfizer Inc, with his most recent role as the Director of ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... 22, 2017 , ... For the months of May and ... Spotlight series on “Cell Therapy Regulation” for its regenerative medicine followship. ... unique regulatory challenges of stem cell medical research. , Stem cell clinical trials ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... Charm Sciences, Inc. is pleased to ... was determined to be appropriate as a screening test at dairies and farms for ... EZ system, and the Charm EZ Lite system. These systems are a combination incubator ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... SQUARE, Pa. , June 20, 2017  Kibow ... is pleased to announce the issuance of a new ... gout or hyperuricemia by the U.S. Patent and Trademark ... Inc., a winner of the Buzz of Bio award ... , is akin to developing non-drug approaches to chronic ...
Breaking Biology Technology: