Navigation Links
Novel Asthma Study Shows Multiple Genetic Input Required; Single-gene Solution Shot Down

For patients with high-risk breast cancer treated with radical mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, the addition of radiation therapy leads to better survival outcomes with few long-term toxic effects, according to a 20-year follow-up of a randomized trial, which appears in the January 19 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

The British Columbia randomized radiation therapy trial was designed to determine the effect on survival of the addition of locoregional radiation therapy (radiation to the lymph nodes and chest wall) to a course of chemotherapy after radical mastectomy in premenopausal women with lymph node–positive breast cancer. Between 1979 and 1986, 318 patients were randomly assigned to receive no radiation therapy or to receive radiation. A 15-year follow-up found that radiation therapy was associated with improved breast cancer survival but not with overall survival.

In this 20-year follow-up of the British Columbia trial, Joseph Ragaz, M.D., of McGill University Health Center in Montreal, and colleagues found that the chemotherapy and radiation regimen, compared with chemotherapy alone, was associated with improvement in all end points analyzed. This included a 32% reduction in breast cancer mortality and a 27% reduction in overall mortality compared with chemotherapy alone. In addition, long-term toxic effects, including cardiac deaths, were acceptable for both groups of patients.

"Our results, and those from other groups, confirm that in situations where residual disease remains, adjuvant chemotherapy alone in high-risk breast cancer patients is suboptimal and that the addition of locoregional radiation therapy is important to achieve the highest cure rate," the authors write.

In an editorial, Timothy Whelan, B.M., B.Ch., and Mark Levine, M.D., of the Juravinski Cancer Centre in Hamilton, Ontario, discuss the use of locoregional radiation therapy in breast cancer patients and note that fewer clinicians accept its use in moderate-risk patients. "Because uncertainties continue about the effectiveness of locoregional radiation therapy after mastectomy in moderate-risk patients, we strongly urge that a randomized controlled trial be mounted to resolve these uncertainties," they write.


'"/>

Source:


Related biology news :

1. Novel technology detects human DNA mutations
2. Novel antiviral technology inhibits RSV infection in mice
3. Novel Enzyme Shows Potential As An Anti-HIV Target
4. Novel Therapy Tested in Mice Could Chase Away Cat Allergies
5. Discovery Could Lead To Novel Approaches In HIV Treatment
6. Novel ultrafast laser detection of cancer cells also may improve understanding of stem cells
7. Research Using Mouse Models Reveals A Novel Key Player In The Initiation Of Colon Cancer
8. Novel gene-silencing nanoparticles shown to inhibit Ewings sarcoma
9. Novel live reporting system to track cells
10. Field of beams - Novel system uses polarized light pulses to reveal crop health
11. Novel compounds show promise as safer, more potent insecticides
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/11/2016)... March 11, 2016 --> ... research report "Image Recognition Market by Technology (Pattern Recognition), ... Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises and Cloud), by Industry ... published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is expected to ... 29.98 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 19.1%. ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... March 10, 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: ... Protection (CBP) is testing its biometric identity solution at ... to help identify certain non-U.S. citizens leaving the ... test, designed to help determine the efficiency and accuracy of ... February and will run until May 2016. --> ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... 2016 Nigeria . ... than 23,000 public service employees either did not exist ... salary unlawfully.    --> Nigeria ... more than 23,000 public service employees either did not ... their salary unlawfully.    --> DERMALOG, the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Weeks after hosting a carpal tunnel syndrome workshop ... hand surgeon and founder of the Fitzmaurice Hand Institute, has announced the addition of ... a state-of-the-art technology and only 1 of about 3 currently available in the United ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... At present, the Biotech sphere is ... know that volatility is what makes this industry interesting to ... Pharmaceuticals Corp. (NASDAQ: SNTA ), CTI BioPharma Corp. ... LPTN ), and Heat Biologics Inc. (NASDAQ: HTBX ... alerts for these stocks at: http://www.activewallst.com/register/ ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 Despite the ... value in this space. Today,s pre-market research on ActiveWallSt.com directs ... Health Inc. (NASDAQ: RDUS ), Cerus Corp. (NASDAQ: ... ARWR ), and Five Prime Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... briefings at: http://www.activewallst.com/ On ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... San Diego, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... San Diego area and has consistently been rated one of its top attractions. ... over the globe to participate in a unique and intimate team-building experience. , Each ...
Breaking Biology Technology: