Navigation Links
Nonvenomous Asian snakes 'borrow' defensive poison from toxic toads

Most snakes are born with poisonous bites they use for defense. But what can non-poisonous snakes do to ward off predators?

What if they could borrow a dose of poison by eating toxic toads, then recycling the toxins?

That's exactly what happens in the relationship between an Asian snake and a species of toad, according to a team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Division of Integrative Organismal Systems (IOS).

Herpetologists Deborah Hutchinson, Alan Savitzky of Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Va., and colleagues published results of research on the snake's dependence on certain toads in this week's online issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Hutchinson studied the Asian snake Rhabdophis tigrinus and its relationship to a species of toxic toad it eats. In the PNAS paper, she and co-authors describe dietary sequestration of toxins by the snakes. The process allows the snakes to store toxins from the toads in their neck glands. When under attack, the snakes re-release the poisons from these neck glands.

Many invertebrates sequester dietary toxins for use in defense, including milkweed insects and sea slugs. But vertebrate examples of toxin sequestration, especially from vertebrate prey, are rare. "A snake that's dependent on a diet of toads for chemical defense is highly unusual," said Hutchinson.

Hutchinson said the research had identified six compounds in the snakes that may hold promise in medical treatments for people suffering from hypertension and related blood pressure disorders.

The researchers made their case by testing Rhabdophis tigrinus on several Japanese islands, one with a large population of the toxic toads and another with none, and compared them with snakes from the Japanese island of Honshu, where toads are few. The presence of toxins in the snakes' neck glands depended upon their access to the toads.

Snakes
'"/>

Source:National Science Foundation


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cousin of Asian super termite invades Florida
2. Asian immigrants in NYC not receiving HIV education at religious institutions
3. Genetic analysis of Asian elephants in India reveals some surprises
4. Hepatitis B accounts for 40 percent of missing Asian women
5. Green tea and the Asian Paradox
6. Scientists to track impact of Asian dust and pollution on clouds, weather, climate change
7. Researchers reveal secrets of flying snakes
8. The very defensive caterpillar
9. Mutation in clams protects against paralytic shellfish poisoning but raises human health risk
10. Fluoride poisoning in China due to clay, not coal
11. CU, USDA team to curb two invasive, poisonous vines
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Nonvenomous Asian snakes borrow defensive poison from toxic toads

(Date:7/9/2014)... bladders of healthy women differ from bacteria in ... to researchers from Loyola University Chicago Stritch School ... 9, 2014, in the American Society for Microbiology,s ... communities may play a role in female urinary ... common, yet poorly understood, condition with symptoms similar ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... Centre (CNIO) have discovered that NANOG, an essential gene ... stratified epitheliathose that form part of the epidermis of ... adult organisms. According to the conclusions of the study, ... factor could also play a role in the formation ... and skin. , The pluripotency factor NANOG is active ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... studying critically ill children with traumatic injuries have ... are likely to develop a hospital-acquired infection. The ... and published online in June in the journal ... efforts that could lead to the clinical implementation ... prevent or reverse immune system damage following critical ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):CNIO scientists discover that pluripotency factor NANOG is also active in adult organisms 2Immune function predicts infection risk among child trauma patients 2Immune function predicts infection risk among child trauma patients 3
... Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (Dana-Farber), Burnham Institute for Medical ... and Prevention (CDC) have reported the identification of ... range of influenza A viruses, including avian influenza ... some seasonal influenza viruses. These antibodies have the ...
... International, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: BKYI), a leader in ... today that it will participate in Imperial Capital,s Homeland ... of March. Additional details regarding BIO-key,s participation at ... , Imperial Capital,s ...
... Permanently Disposes Magnetically Recorded Data to Help QSGI,s ... Calif., Feb. 18 Fujitsu Computer Products of ... products including hard disk drives, peripherals and biometric ... using the Fujitsu Mag EraSURE degaussing ...
Cached Biology News:Scientists identify human monoclonal antibodies effective against bird and seasonal flu viruses 2Scientists identify human monoclonal antibodies effective against bird and seasonal flu viruses 3BIO-key(R) Announces Conference Schedule 2QSGI Integrates Fujitsu Mag EraSURE Data Degausser into its Suite of Information Technology Security Services 2QSGI Integrates Fujitsu Mag EraSURE Data Degausser into its Suite of Information Technology Security Services 3QSGI Integrates Fujitsu Mag EraSURE Data Degausser into its Suite of Information Technology Security Services 4QSGI Integrates Fujitsu Mag EraSURE Data Degausser into its Suite of Information Technology Security Services 5
(Date:1/15/2014)... 2014  Bill Jacobs Automotive, a group of car dealerships headquartered ... the Heartland Blood Center and offering free oil change coupons ... place Saturday, Jan. 18 at the Bill Jacobs Cadillac and ... (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140115/MN46637 )  The Bill Jacobs ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... Jan. 15, 2014   Niagara Thermal Products is ... Buffalo BioBlower Technologies LLC ("B3") as the critical thermal ... award from the Army Corps of Engineers.  B3 has ... all biological contaminants and destroys VOCs and other chemical ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... Calif. (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 Cynvenio, ... and management through the genomic analysis of tumor cells ... Therapy Finder™, a web-based cancer decision support application powered ... option with Cynvenio’s ClearID™ genomic test, Therapy Finder will ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... ­ RedBrick Health , a fast-growing leader in ... that EmblemHealth , the New York ... providing the RedBrick Compass health assessment, combined with the ... its members. EmblemHealth is among the first health plans ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Join the Bill Jacobs Auto blood drive and receive a free oil change 2Niagara Thermal Products LLC Selected as Critical Supplier for Buffalo BioBlower Air Purification Systems 2Cynvenio Offers New Breast Cancer Therapy Finder Application for its ClearID Breast Cancer Genomic Test 2Cynvenio Offers New Breast Cancer Therapy Finder Application for its ClearID Breast Cancer Genomic Test 3EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 2EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 3
... Caffeine Test Strips, to Know for Sure, Studies show that ... ... levels of caffeine, MONROVIA, Calif., Nov. 12 Ever wonder whether ... for sure,with new D+CAF, the first ever do-it-yourself caffeine test strip from,Silver ...
... MaxCyte, Inc.,the pioneer in scalable, high performance ... a live discussion with industry experts on the,challenges ... discussion is open to the industry and will ... 2:00-3:00EST., One of the respected industry experts ...
... Implementation Issues and Recommendations, BETHLEHEM, Pa., ... of Clinical Value Marketing, Infusion Systems Division ... Services for B. Braun Medical,Inc. (B. Braun), ... and services,recently represented B. Braun at the ...
Cached Biology Technology:Is Your Decaf Really Decaf? 2MaxCyte Hosts Live Discussion with Industry Experts on the Challenges in Developing Cell-Based Screening Assays for Drug Discovery 2B. Braun Directors Participate at First ISMP National Smart Pump Safety Summit 2B. Braun Directors Participate at First ISMP National Smart Pump Safety Summit 3
Sf21 Insect Cells (Live) in Max-XP Medium...
Dual-bay Dyad thermal cycler chassis, does not include the Alpha units (requires 2)...
EZ-DeWax is a one-step solution that simultanously removes paraffin from and rehydrates formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded tissue...
Artisan™ Wash Solution (x 50) Additional Information: EU regulatory status: CE US regulatory status: IVD ...
Biology Products: