Navigation Links
Non-coding RNAs help silence the mammalian transcription

Dr. Shirley Tilghman and colleagues (Princeton University) lend new insight into the mechanism of genomic imprinting, demonstrating a necessary role for a non-coding RNA transcript in the silencing of an imprinted gene cluster in mice.

Imprinting, or the differential expression of a gene based upon which parent it has been inherited from, is integral to normal growth and development. Two human disorders, Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes, result from the deletion of the identical portion of chromosome 15. Imprinting determines which disorder arises: When the deletion involves the chromosome 15 that came from the father, the child has Prader-Willi syndrome, but when the deletion involves the chromosome 15 that came from the mother, the child has Angelman syndrome.

In the mouse, a cluster of nine genes on the distal end of the number 7 chromosome is imprinted. Dr. Tilghman and colleagues made a series of targeted alterations to ascertain which sequences are responsible for their paternal-specific silencing. The researchers show that this imprinted gene silencing requires the elongation of a paternally-expressed non-coding RNA transcript, Kcnq1ot1.

"As we explore the mechanism of genomic imprinting in greater detail, it is becoming clear that there is not a single explanation for the silencing of all imprinted genes. Rather mammals have co-opted multiple transcriptional regulatory mechanisms that were already evolved. In the case of the Kcnqt1ot1, the mechanism utilizes some form of RNA silencing. The variation in silencing mechanisms lends further support to the argument that imprinting arose gradually over a long period in mammals, not all at once," explains Dr. Tilghman.


'"/>

Source:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Used in a new way, RNA interference permanently silences key breast cancer gene
2. Restoring silenced suppressor gene kills lung-cancer cells
3. Tool developed to silence genes in specific tissues using RNAi
4. Interfering RNA silences genes in slippery immune cells
5. Researchers find protein that silences genes
6. MIT: Pulsing light silences overactive neurons
7. Insulator helps silence genes in dormant herpes virus
8. MicroRNAs have shaped the evolution of the majority of mammalian genes
9. Marsupial genome reveals insights into mammalian evolution
10. Sexual reproduction delays aging in a mammalian species
11. First major study of mammalian disorderly proteins
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/17/2017)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the ... Annual Report on Form 10-K on Thursday April 13, 2017 with ... ... Relations section of the Company,s website at http://www.nxt-id.com  under "SEC ... . 2016 Year Highlights: Acquisition ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... DUBLIN , Apr. 11, 2017 Research ... Tracking Market 2017-2021" report to their offering. ... The global eye tracking market to grow at ... The report, Global Eye Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based ... report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... 2017  The Allen Institute for Cell Science today ... one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital window into the human ... first application of deep learning to create predictive models ... and a growing suite of powerful tools. The Allen ... future publicly available resources created and shared by the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... Palo Alto, CA, USA (PRWEB) , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... is set to take place on 7th and 8th June 2018 in San Francisco, ... and policy influencers as well as several distinguished CEOs, board directors and government officials ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 11, 2017 , ... Disappearing forests ... the lives of over 5.5 million people each year. Especially those living in larger ... startup Treepex - based in one of the most pollution-affected countries globally - decided ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... company advancing targeted antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) therapeutics, today confirmed licensing rights that ... Polymerized Liposomal Nanoparticle), a technology developed in collaboration with Children’s Hospital Los ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... SomaGenics announced the receipt of a Phase ... (Single Cell), expected to be the first commercially available ... from single cells using NGS methods. The NIH,s recent ... development of approaches to analyze the heterogeneity of cell ... for measuring levels of mRNAs in individual cells have ...
Breaking Biology Technology: