Navigation Links
Newfound roadblock to interferon effectiveness against malignant melanoma

Researchers have uncovered a significant contributing factor to interferon resistance of malignant melanoma cells. The finding represents a step forward in understanding the molecular events that govern the growth of this type of cancer and the changes in gene expression and cellular signaling that underlie resistance to established therapies.

Malignant melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer, and if not treated successfully, it can spread to affect the liver, lungs, or brain. Chemotherapy fights the disease with limited efficiency, and the use of interferon has become the most established immunotherapy for advanced-stage melanoma. However, melanoma tumors often develop a resistance to the drug, posing one of the major obstacles in the clinical treatment of this cancer.

Now Professor Manfred Schartl and Dr. Claudia Wellbrock, scientists at the University of W�rzburg, believe they have an explanation for how this interferon resistance is acquired. They have found that when a gene called STAT5 is too active in melanoma cells, it can counteract the anti-cancer effect of interferon. Interferon normally impedes the growth of cancer cells, whereas STAT5 is thought to act to promote cellular growth.

The new work, published by Professor Schartl and his colleagues in Current Biology, shows that interferon actually activates STAT5 in melanoma cells but that under normal conditions, this does not interfere with the inhibitory potential of the drug. However, when cancer cells posses too much STAT5 activity to begin with, the further activation of STAT5 function by interferon induces a mechanism that blocks the ability of the drug to effectively inhibit growth.

Confirming this initial finding, the researchers found that when they inhibited STAT5 in interferon-resistant melanoma cells, they were able to restore the effectiveness of interferon. This demonstrates the relevance of STAT5 and its contribution to the behavior of melanoma cells in th e late stage of the disease.

The findings explain the frequent failure of interferon therapies and thus further our understanding of melanoma in its late, and most aggressive, stage. In the future, a routine analysis of the STAT5 status in melanoma patients might help to improve and personalize therapies.


Source:Cell Press

Related biology news :

1. Hepatitis C responds best to combo of ribavirin and interferon, study concludes
2. Greasing interferons gears may pave way to greater therapeutic benefits, fewer side effects
3. Combination therapy boosts effectiveness of telomere-directed cancer cell death
4. Man-made wetlands effectiveness similar to natural marsh
5. UCLA study assesses cost-effectiveness of Hepatitis B drugs
6. Structures of marine toxins provide insight into their effectiveness as cancer drugs
7. Test reveals effectiveness of potential Huntingtons disease drugs
8. Nitric oxide: Key to cardiovascular and pulmonary function and drug effectiveness
9. Enzyme, lost in most mammals, is shown to protect against UV-induced skin cancer
10. Bound for destruction: Ubiquitination protects against improper Notch signaling
11. Female sex hormones play a vital role in defense against sexually transmitted diseases
Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/27/2015)... -- Munich, Germany , October ... automatically maps data from mobile eye tracking videos created ... that they can be quantitatively analyzed with SMI,s analysis ... , October 28-29, 2015. SMI,s Automated Semantic Gaze ... tracking videos created with SMI,s Eye Tracking Glasses ...
(Date:10/26/2015)... India , October 26, 2015 ... --> adds ... 2015 to 2021 as well as ... 2015-2019 research reports to its collection ... . --> ...
(Date:10/26/2015)... 26, 2015  Delta ID Inc., a company focused ... and PC devices, announced its ActiveIRIS® technology powers the ... F-02H launched by NTT DOCOMO, INC in ... second smartphone to include iris recognition technology, after a ... F-04G in May 2015, world,s first smartphone to have ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... Muncie, IN (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... its newest Special Interest Group (SIG), MultiGP, also known as Multirotor Grand Prix, to ... in the last few years. Many AMA members have embraced this type of racing ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015  Tikcro Technologies Ltd. (OTCQB: TIKRF) today announced ... 29, 2015 at 11:00 a.m. Israel time, at ... 98 Yigal Allon Street, 36 th Floor, Tel Aviv, ... Eric Paneth and Izhak Tamir to the Board of ... as external directors; , approval of an amendment to certain terms ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... and the environment are paramount. Insertion points for in-line sensors can represent a ... developed the InTrac 781/784 series of retractable sensor housings , which are ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... LAVAL, QC , Nov. 24, 2015 /CNW Telbec/ - ... the "Corporation") announced today that Mr. Pierre Laurin , ... a corporate presentation at the upcoming Piper Jaffray 27 th ... York Palace Hotel, on December 1-2, 2015. ... be available for one-on-one meetings throughout the day. The presentation ...
Breaking Biology Technology: