Navigation Links
New understanding of COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes could revise classification of pain meds

COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes may be blocked by pain medications such as Advil and Vioxx in a more complex manner than was previously understood, a Queen's University study has found.

"The results of the study have potential implications for how we classify the commonly used anti-inflammatory and pain drugs for aches, pains, and fever," says Colin Funk, a professor of Biochemistry and Physiology at Queen's and Canada Research Chair in Molecular, Cellular and Physiologiocal Medicine.

Published on-line in Nature Medicine, the study was conducted in collaboration with University of Pennsylvania researchers.

The study was initiated to explore the biochemistry associated with COX-2 inhibitors such as Vioxx, Bextra and Celebrex, which are now associated with an increased incidence of heart attack and stroke. Researchers looked at mice that were genetically modified so that their COX-2 was inhibited ?to create a physiology in mice that roughly mimics that of users of COX-2 inhibitors. They found that the COX-1 enzymes in the mice "hooked up" in an unanticipated way with their remaining COX-2 enzymes creating what is called a new heterodimer.

Dr. Funk's co-researcher, Queen's biochemist Robert Campbell, has developed a computer model to show how the COX-1/COX-2 molecules can associate.

"It's possible the COX-2 inhibitor medications may affect the resulting new enzyme which is a mix of COX-1 and COX-2," says Dr. Funk.

This effect is being further explored by scientists and may lead to a broadened understanding of the biochemistry of common pain medications. It is now pointing toward possible alternatives to drugs like Vioxx and Celebrex, says Dr. Funk.

A study published April 13 by The Journal of Clinical Investigation (JCI) by the same research team found that new types of anti-inflammatory drugs may reduce COX-2 cardiovascular problems. That study was conducted after this one and incorporated the genetically modified mice
'"/>

Source:Queen's University


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. UCSB scientists probe sea floor venting to gain understanding of early life on Earth
2. Zebrafish may hold key to understanding human nerve cell development
3. Novel ultrafast laser detection of cancer cells also may improve understanding of stem cells
4. Researchers make gains in understanding antibiotic resistance
5. Brain-mapping technique aids understanding of sleep, wakefulness
6. New understanding of DNA repair may pave way to cancer treatments
7. NYU and MSKCC research provides model for understanding chemically induced cancer initiation
8. Virologists make major step towards understanding the process of HIV infection
9. New understanding of cell movement may yield ways to brake cancers spread
10. Proteomics brings researchers closer to understanding microbes that produce acid mine drainage
11. New understanding of jet lag
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/10/2014)... 9, 2014     ...   Jifflenow, a ... solutions for business-to-business (B2B) events, today announced a ... mobile near-field communication (NFC), Bluetooth low energy (BLE), ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140612/691055) , Jifflenow will integrate its ...
(Date:12/3/2014)... Calif. , Dec. 2, 2014   ... globally deployed, innovative test solutions for military, aerospace, ... newest version of its successful TS-900 PXI ... performance and features of high-end systems to customers ... outstanding value compared to traditional ATE. ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... 20, 2014 Strict laws against distracted driving ... the North American and European automotive sector towards gesture ... recognition systems that are intuitive and able to retrieve ... industry. New analysis from Frost & ... in Europe and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 2Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 3Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 2Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 2Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 4
... UTSA College of Education and Human Development,s Department of Health ... of the Texas Chapter of the American College of Sports ... week, Cooke will deliver lectures at a series of Texas ... is a big honor for both Bill and our department," ...
... study led by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) ... improved life expectancy in 545 counties in the U.S. from 2000 ... beneficial effects to public health of continuing to reduce air pollution ... 3, 2012 online edition of the journal Epidemiology . ...
... , Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human ... brains when making music together, and even when musicians ... in Frontiers in Neuroscience , Johanna Snger and ... of guitarists while they played different voices of the ...
Cached Biology News:UTSA physiologist William Cooke named 2013 Lecture Series Speaker by Texas Sports Medicine Chapter 2Declining air pollution levels continue to improve life expectancy in US 2Musical duets lock brains as well as rhythms 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... BURLINGTON, Mass. , Dec. 19, 2014 ... biomaterial market will grow at a 12 percent compound ... a result of the aging population and the increasing ... Latin America will also spur demand ... results of dental implant and periodontal treatments. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Today, TiFiber, Inc. ... facility and future company headquarters in Fort Smith, ... materials that safely and effectively control dangerous microorganisms. ... its historic, strong support for manufacturing, but also ... edge, technology-based companies such as TiFiber. , ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... CAMBRIDGE, MA (PRWEB) December 18, 2014 ... adults in the United States suffer from one or ... arthritis, asthma, or cancer. Medication can address some of ... to daily activities that many sufferers face. While implanted ... surgery and stimulate the whole nerve, which can induce ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014 The empty capsules market ... ageing population and technological innovations in the empty ... are catalysing the growth of the empty capsules ... , Scope of Report , The report ... new entrants/smaller firms to gauge the pulse of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Latin American Dental Biomaterial Market Will Expand at a 12 Percent Annual Growth Rate Through 2023 2Latin American Dental Biomaterial Market Will Expand at a 12 Percent Annual Growth Rate Through 2023 3Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 2Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 3Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 4Draper Wins GSK Funding for Smaller, Smarter Implantable Devices 2Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4
... Milwaukee, Wis. Neurognostics, Inc ., a ... products and services, announced today that the Food and ... market clearance of its trademarked MindState fDAD. MindState ... an fMRI data acquisition device. The Special 510(k) allows ...
... continued to show strength in the third quarter of ... the second quarter, compared to just a 4 percent ... Investment Report released by BioEnterprise . , ,In ... the end of their investment cycles, there was no ...
... the long shadow of Apple, a company that long-ago abandoned the ... the mobile device market, Palm picked Oct. 12 to announce what ... you remember, that was when Apple introduced its new iPod with ... hits for video iPod outnumber hits for the Palm TX by ...
Cached Biology Technology:Palm TX could bring Palm faithful back 2Palm TX could bring Palm faithful back 3
HSD17B3 Immunogen: HSD17B3 (NP_000188, 29 a.a. ~ 120 a.a) partial recombinant protein with GST tag. Storage: -20 C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles *Available for distribution in the US only...
Rad51, N-terminal...
Phospho-mu-Opioid Receptor (Ser375) Antibody...
Rabbit polyclonal to WWOX8 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 51741 SwissProtID: Q9NZC7-8...
Biology Products: