Navigation Links
New study shows benefit of early therapy in HIV-infected infants

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for infants born with HIV infection may be most effective when given in their first five months of life, according to a study published in the April 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Uncertainty over when to start antiretroviral treatment in children infected with HIV from their mothers revolves around balancing the benefits of preventing disease progression and the risks and costs of life-long therapy begun within months of birth. Policies on when to start ART vary across Europe. Up to this point, the effect of age on clinical outcome has been difficult to assess because CD4 cell counts--an immunological indicator of HIV progression--experience considerable age-related variation.

However, Marie-Louise Newell, MD, and her colleagues in the European Collaborative Study developed a way to standardize CD4 cell counts in relation to age, and thus better evaluate immune status. They call this age-adjusted CD4 cell count the "z-score." Based on data collected over the past 20 years on infected children born to HIV-1 infected women, the investigators concluded that "children who started their most potent ART between 5 months and 5 years of age were almost 60 percent less likely to attain a 20 percent increase in their CD4 cell count z-score at any time, compared to children who started treatment before 5 months."

However, the authors did not find an association between early age at initiation and an increased likelihood of sustaining CD4 cell level recovery. They found that the risk of subsequent deterioration was similar for children initiating treatment in all age groups.

Still, because initiating effective antiretroviral therapy before 5 months of age was strongly associated with more rapid improvement in CD4 cell count, the authors conclude it should be strongly considered in the management of infants infected with HIV.

The authors declared they had no conflicts of interest to disclose.


'"/>

Source:Infectious Diseases Society of America


Related biology news :

1. Bioartificial kidney under study at MCG
2. W.M. Keck Foundation funds study of friendly microbes
3. Yellowstone microbes fueled by hydrogen, according to U. of Colorado study
4. Genome-wide mouse study yields link to human leukemia
5. Clam embryo study shows pollutant mixture adversely affects nerve cell development
6. New imaging method gives early indication if brain cancer therapy is effective, U-M study shows
7. Same mutation aided evolution in many fish species, Stanford study finds
8. Sequencing of marine bacterium will help study of cell communication
9. Genetically modified rice in China benefits farmers health, study finds
10. A new study examines how shared pathogens affect host populations
11. NYU study reveals how brains immune system fights viral encephalitis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ... has priced an offering of €500.0 million principal amount of ... principal amount of its 2.425% senior unsecured notes due 2026. ... to occur on December 13, 2016, subject to the satisfaction of ... annual basis. The Company intends ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... 2016 Securus Technologies, a leading provider ... public safety, investigation, corrections and monitoring, and the ... five (5) year funding commitment by Securus to ... rehabilitation and reentry support to more inmates and ... 2004, the Prison Entrepreneurship Program (PEP) is an ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , December 1, 2016 ... type (Fingerprint, Voice), Future Technology (Iris Recognition System), ... Region - Global Forecast to 2021", published by ... 442.7 Million in 2016, and is projected to ... a CAGR of 14.06%.      (Logo: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... has concluded that “in the setting of previously treated, advanced pancreatic cancer, liquid ... defining the optimal patient population and timing of blood sampling may improve the ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... -- Neogen Corporation (NASDAQ: NEOG ) announced ... as its chief science officer — a new position ... Neogen effective Jan. 1. Kephart has served ... of Thermo Fisher Scientific, as well as animal health ... industry experience also includes the management of a team ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... - Zenith Capital Corp. ("Zenith" or the "Company") announces webcast details ... Company,s Annual and Special Meeting. The Zenith ... Thursday, December 15, 2016 at Mount Royal ... Mount Royal Gate SW, Calgary, Alberta , ... management information circular, containing the matters to be considered at ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... , Dec. 7, 2016  Biocom, the association for the ... statement below following passage of 21 st Century Cures ... November 30 by a 392-26 vote and in the Senate ... be attributed to Joe Panetta , president & CEO ... will give hope to millions of patients around the world. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: