Navigation Links
New study: Preterm birth causes one-third of all infant deaths

Premature birth was the underlying cause of nearly twice as many infant deaths than previously estimated, according to a new analysis by researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The analysis, published today in Pediatrics, found that in 2002 preterm birth, birth at less than 37 completed weeks gestation, contributed to more than one-third of infant deaths within the first year of life.

"We have long known that babies born too soon face many challenges ?even death," said Joann Petrini, Ph.D., director of the March of Dimes Perinatal Data Center. "But this research confirms the urgent role preventing preterm birth can play in improving infant mortality in the United States."

The U.S. infant mortality rate has declined since 1995 except between 2001 and 2002, when the rate increased for the first time since 1958.

In 2002, the National Center for Health Statistics listed short gestation/low birth weight as the cause of 17 percent of infant deaths. However, two-thirds of the infants who died in 2002 were born prematurely. This difference led the CDC researchers to speculate that premature birth plays a greater role in infant death than the official reporting system indicates.

The researchers proposed a new method to determine the contribution of premature birth to infant mortality. They reviewed causes of infant death and combined conditions, such as respiratory distress syndrome, which frequently occur in premature babies. This new method doubled the percentage of infant deaths caused by premature birth to 34.3 percent.

More than 95 percent of those deaths were of infants who were born at less than 32 weeks gestation, the definition of infants who are "very preterm."

Birth defects are the leading cause of infant death, followed by prematurity, according to the official reporting systems. But, using this new classification, premature birth would be the most frequent cause of infant death.

More than a half million babies are born too soon each year and the preterm birth rate has increased more than 30 percent since 1981. Babies who do survive face risks of lifelong challenges of cerebral palsy, mental retardation, chronic lung disease, and vision and hearing loss, as well as other developmental problems.


'"/>

Source:March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation


Related biology news :

1. New study: Sexually transmitted disease treatment can be effectively administered by sex partners
2. Mouse study: New muscle-building agent beats all previous ones
3. NASA study: Alaskan fires affected Houston air quality in 2004
4. Scientists document complex genomic events leading to the birth of new genes
5. One hit of crystal meth causes birth defects
6. Micro-molecule plays big role in birth defects
7. Most embryos produced during IVF do not result in live births
8. Study uncovers placental microtransfusions lead to transmission of AIDS virus during childbirth
9. Fruit fly research set to revolutionize study of birth defects
10. Ethiopian development raises birth rate
11. US woman gives birth to baby from worlds first frozen donor egg bank
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/27/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... to their offering. The report ... to grow at a CAGR of 12.28% during the period 2016-2020. ... in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. The report covers ... The report also includes a discussion of the key vendors operating ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... , June 22, 2016  The American College of Medical ... Show Executive Magazine as one of the fastest-growing trade ... 25-27 at the Bellagio in Las Vegas ... highest percentage of growth in each of the following categories: ... companies and number of attendees. The 2015 ACMG Annual Meeting ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... , June 22, 2016   Acuant ... and verification solutions, has partnered with RightCrowd ... solutions for Visitor Management, Self-Service Kiosks and ... products that add functional enhancements to existing ... corporations and venues with an automated ID ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... PHILADELPHIA , June 27, 2016  Alex,s Lemonade ... announced that that it will open a state-of-the-art bioinformatics ... childhood cancer research. This announcement comes as Liz ... attends the National Cancer Moonshot Summit in ... Dr. Biden as a participant and advocate of pediatric ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... , June 27, 2016  Global demand ... 4.6 percent through 2020 to $7.2 billion.  This ... and beverages, cleaning products, biofuel production, animal feed, ... biotechnology, diagnostics, and biocatalysts). Food and beverages will ... driven by increasing consumption of products containing enzymes ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... , June 27, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BIOREM Inc. (TSX-V: BRM) ... advised by its major shareholders, Clean Technology Fund I, ... United States based venture capital funds which ... Biorem (on a fully diluted, as converted basis), that ... of their entire equity holdings in Biorem to TUS ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... -- Sequenom, Inc. (NASDAQ: SQNM ), a life ... development of innovative products and services, announced today that ... denied its petition to review decisions by ... Patent No. 6,258,540 (",540 Patent") are not patent eligible ... Court,s Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories decision.  In ...
Breaking Biology Technology: