Navigation Links
New dopamine brain target discovered

A team of Canadian researchers, lead by Dr. Susan George and Dr. Brian O'Dowd at the Centre for Addiction and Mental health (CAMH), discovered a distinct dopamine signalling complex in the brain. Composed of two different types of dopamine receptors, this novel target may have a significant role in understanding and treating schizophrenia.

Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA (Rashid et al., 2007), this important discovery demonstrates the existence of a Gq/11-coupled signalling unit that triggers a calcium signal, which is turned on by stimulating D1 and D2 dopamine receptors. Unlike other dopamine receptors, this novel unit will only create brain signals when both receptors are stimulated at the same time.

Using animal models. Drs. George and O'Dowd and their team identified this complex by its unique reaction to dopamine or specific drug triggers. Strikingly, stimulating this target with dopamine or specific drugs triggered a rise in calcium in the brain. As calcium has a profound effect on almost all brain function, this rise in calcium causes a cascade of events in the brain. This is the first time that a direct connection between dopamine and calcium signals has been reported.

"This distinct unit provides a novel signalling pathway through which dopamine can impact the function of brain cells", said Dr. George. "This is significant because signalling through calcium release is a major mechanism regulating many important functions in the brain and we have provided the first direct mechanism by which dopamine can activate a calcium signal."

This data has significant implications for schizophrenia. Research tells us that people with schizophrenia may have disordered calcium signals, and the major treatments for this disease target the dopamine system. Drs. George and O'Dowd state, "our data links these two pieces of evidence, creating better understanding of the disease and opening t he door for a new generation of highly specific drugs that may help alleviate the devastating symptoms of schizophrenia."


'"/>

Source:Centre for Addiction and Mental Health


Related biology news :

1. Flies on speed offer insight into the roles of dopamine in sleep and arousal
2. Jefferson biologist coaxing human embryonic stem cells to make dopamine with simpler, faster method
3. High dopamine transporter levels not correlated with ADHD
4. Implanting dopamine generators in brain cells obtains improvement in Parkinsons in monkeys
5. Controversial drug shown to act on brain protein to cut alcohol use
6. Mouse brain cells rapidly recover after Alzheimers plaques are cleared
7. Mouse brain tumors mimic those in human genetic disorder
8. New imaging method gives early indication if brain cancer therapy is effective, U-M study shows
9. First atlas of key brain genes could speed research on cancer, neurological diseases
10. NYU study reveals how brains immune system fights viral encephalitis
11. Stem cells from brain transformed to produce insulin at Stanford
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/23/2017)... The report "Gesture Recognition and Touchless Sensing Market by ... Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be ... 2017 and 2022. Continue Reading ... ... ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Vigilant Solutions , a vehicle location ... announced today the appointment of retired FBI special agent ... business development. Mr. Sheridan brings more than ... focus on the aviation transportation sector, to his new ... Sheridan served as the Aviation Liaison Agent Coordinator (ALAC) ...
(Date:3/13/2017)... HAMBURG, Germany , March 13, 2017 Future of ... ... DERMALOGs Face Matching enables to match ... characteristics forms the basis to identify individuals. (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... DERMALOG,s "Face Matching" is the fastest software for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Research and Markets has ... report to their offering. ... The Global Market for Bioproducts ... 2016 at a CAGR of 8.9%, This ... bioproducts into seven major product segments: bio-derived chemicals, biofuels, pharmaceuticals ...
(Date:3/23/2017)...  GlobeImmune, Inc. today announced it has entered into ... shares of its common stock to NantCell, Inc., a ... the sale of its common stock, NantCell has agreed ... GlobeImmune 200,000 shares, an estimated $2.0 million in value, ... pleased to enter into this strategic agreement with NantCell," ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 Kineta, ... development of novel therapies in immuno-oncology, today announced ... lead" small molecule compounds that activate interferon response ... pathways and demonstrate immune-mediated tumor regression in a ... the study who demonstrated complete tumor regression to ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017  Agriculture technology company Cool ... financing and note conversion to commercialize its Cool Terra ... focused on developing products that are simultaneously profitable as ... in the last 18 months. This latest round of ... Venture Partners. The company,s primary product, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: