Navigation Links
Navigable nanotransport

To accurately transport pharmaceutical agents to their specific target organs or cell types, you need a good carrier: nanoscopic capsules with surface elements that can "recognize" the target in question could do the trick.

To date, all methods for the production of such tiny capsules require preorganized structures or "molds" to shape hollow spheres and most methods require a lengthy, tedious synthetic or purification procedure. Korean researchers led by Kimoon Kim have now developed a very simple novel approach for the direct production of polymeric nanocapsules. As described in the journal Angewandte Chemie, this method is generally applicable to any monomers as long as they have a flat core and multiple polymerizable groups at the periphery. Additionally, if building block are chosen that are able to bind specific (bio)molecules very tightly, the surface of the capsule can be easily decorated with species that are recognized by cells, showing the transporter the way to reach its goal, such as a tumor cell.

To demonstrate the power of their new concept, Kim and his team chose rigid, disk-shaped monomers equipped with a ring of special molecular "hooks" that can be activated by UV light. When a solution containing these disks is irradiated, the hooks grab on to each other, linking the disks into little, two-dimensional "patches" that in turn hook on to other patches. Once they reach a certain size, the patches bend around and close off to form hollow spheres, which can then be filled with guest molecules. The size of the spheres is very uniform and depends largely on the solvent in which the linking reaction takes place. The researchers used this method to produce capsules with diameters ranging from 50 to 600 nm.

The little disks used in this process deserve special consideration: Kim and his colleagues chose to use curcurbiturils. These disk-shaped molecules have a cavity at their center. As their shape resembles a hollowed-out pumpkin , this class of compounds was named after the plant genus of pumpkins, the cucurbitaceae. When the mini-pumpkins are linked together, they form an empty sphere with many tiny cavities on its surface. These "pockets" can be filled with certain nitrogen-containing biomolecules, such as spermine, in a very stable fashion.

The Korean researchers coupled spermine to the vitamin folic acid and packed these hybrid molecules into the capsule's pockets. This gave them capsules with a surface covered with folic acid molecules. What for? Many tumors have a significantly increased number of folic acid receptors on the surfaces of their cells. The folic acid on the capsules docks into these sites and is brought into the interior of the cell. Here, the contents of the capsule, such as an antitumor drug or contrast agent, can be released to selectively attack the tumor or to make an unambiguous diagnosis.


'"/>

Source:John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


Related biology news :

1. Major new UNC-based drinking water study suggests pregnancy fears may be overstated
2. Major breakthrough in the treatment of cancers and infectious diseases
3. Major advance made on DNA structure
4. Major WHO study concludes calcium supplements can reduce complications during pregnancy
5. Major obesity gene is lost in the shuffle
6. Major initiative proposed to address amphibian crisis
7. Major cancer study aims to identify protein markers for early-stage disease
8. Major link in brain-obesity puzzle found
9. Bioartificial kidney under study at MCG
10. W.M. Keck Foundation funds study of friendly microbes
11. Yellowstone microbes fueled by hydrogen, according to U. of Colorado study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/27/2016)... WEST CHESTER, Ohio , Jan. 27, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... services supplier based in West Chester, Ohio ... and their award winning service staff, based in ... Track,s technical capacity and ability to provide modifications, installations ... John Dovalina , CEO of PLUS, commented, "PLUS ...
(Date:1/25/2016)... -- Glencoe Software, the world-leading supplier of image data management ... the data management solution OMERO Plus for the newly ... Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160125/325328LOGO ... Phenotypic analysis measures the characteristics and behavior of cells, ... such as health and disease, the presence or absence ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... , Jan. 22, 2016 ... the addition of the "Global Biometrics ... to their offering. --> ... the "Global Biometrics Market in Retail ... --> Research and Markets ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... compliance training, today announced an interactive FDA compliance training course, ... (Regulatory Affairs Professional Society) accredited interactive course on Morf Playbook—now conveniently available on ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... , Feb. 4, 2016  Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... announced today that Edward Lanphier , Sangamo,s president ... the progress of Sangamo,s ZFP Therapeutic ® development ... at 2:40 pm ET on Thursday, February 11, 2016, ... Healthcare Conference. The conference is being held in ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... takes place February 5-6 at the University’s student center, Kehr Union, located ... as workshops and competitions for ample networking, learning and collaborating opportunities. , ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 4, 2016  CytoSorbents Corporation (NASDAQ: CTSO ... flagship CytoSorb® blood filter to treat deadly inflammation ... world, announced that CEO Dr. Phillip Chan ... Capital Group,s 2016 Disruptive Growth & Healthcare Conference, ... Conference Presentation Details: Where: Convene ...
Breaking Biology Technology: