Navigation Links
Multiple-drug resistant gene expression pattern predicts treatment outcome for pediatric leukemia

A new study is providing scientists with a better understanding of why some pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients fail to respond to treatment even when existing clinical predictive criteria point towards a positive treatment outcome. The research, published in the April issue of Cancer Cell, is likely to facilitate development of new strategies to combat drug resistance and treatment failure for children with ALL.

Nearly 80% of children with ALL are cured following chemotherapeutic treatment. However, the remaining 20% often exhibit drug resistance and treatment failure that is poorly understood. In some cases, patients are resistant to multiple drugs that have very little structural similarity, suggesting that the mechanisms for drug cross-resistance are probably not the same as mechanisms underlying resistance to a single drug. Dr. William E. Evans from St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and colleagues used a comprehensive genetic screening technique to search for genes that are differentially expressed in ALL cells that demonstrated cross-resistance to two or more commonly used chemotherapeutic agents.

The researchers identified several genes that were differentially expressed in ALL cells that exhibited de novo cross resistance to four widely used antileukemic agents. They went on to investigate the relationship of these genes to treatment outcome in ALL patients and found that expression of the genes was associated with treatment outcome and could be used to identify a subset of patients with a markedly inferior response to treatment. In addition, the findings revealed a previously unrecognized phenotype characterized by discordant resistance to two widely used and mechanistically distinct antileukemic agents and provided new information about the cellular mechanisms involved in disparate response to these drugs.

Specific genetic signatures related to ALL treatment failure and chemotherapeutic cross-resistance were mor e effective at identifying select populations of patients with inferior treatment outcomes than expression patterns associated with resistance to a single drug. "These findings provide new insights into the biological basis of de novo multiple-drug resistance and illuminate potential new targets for overcoming this cause of treatment failure in childhood ALL," explains Dr. Evans.


Source:Cell Press

Related biology news :

1. NYCs First Rapid HIV Drug-resistant AIDS Case Prompts Call to Step Up HIV Prevention
2. Drug-resistant bacteria on poultry products differ by brand
3. Genetic discovery could lead to drought-resistant plants
4. UF researchers kill resistant bugs one bandage at a time
5. DDT-resistant insects have additional genetic advantage that helps resistance spread
6. Drug resistant avian influenza viruses more common in Southeast Asia than North America
7. New molecule may aid in production of biofuels and fungi-resistant plants
8. Reducing antibiotic use lowers rates of drug-resistant bacteria
9. New class of antibiotics effective against drug-resistant bacteria discovered in fungi
10. Experimental TB drug effective against resistant and latent mycobacterium tuberculosis
11. Virginia Tech helping to develop higher quality, disease-resistant wheat varieties
Post Your Comments:

(Date:4/26/2016)... DUBLIN , April 27, 2016 ... of the  "Global Multi-modal Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report ... ) , The analysts forecast ... a CAGR of 15.49% during the period 2016-2020.  ... a number of sectors such as the healthcare, ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... , April 15, 2016  A new ... make more accurate underwriting decisions in a fraction ... timely, competitively priced and high-value life insurance policies ... screenings. With Force Diagnostics, rapid testing ... lifestyle data readings (blood pressure, weight, pulse, BMI, ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... 2016 BioCatch ™, the ... announced the appointment of Eyal Goldwerger as ... Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes at a time of ... deployment of its platform at several of the world,s ... discerns unique cognitive and physiological factors, is a winner ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... June 27, 2016  Global demand for enzymes ... through 2020 to $7.2 billion.  This market includes ... cleaning products, biofuel production, animal feed, and other ... and biocatalysts). Food and beverages will remain the ... increasing consumption of products containing enzymes in developing ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... , June 27, 2016  Sequenom, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... enabling healthier lives through the development of innovative products ... the United States denied its ... the claims of Sequenom,s U.S. Patent No. 6,258,540 (",540 ... criteria established by the Supreme Court,s Mayo Collaborative Services ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... Parallel ... clinical trials, announced today the Clinical Reach Virtual Patient Encounter CONSULT module ... circle with the physician and clinical trial team. , Using the CONSULT module, patients ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... operations for Amgen, will join the faculty of the University of North ... adjunct professor of strategy and entrepreneurship at UNC Kenan-Flagler, with a focus on ...
Breaking Biology Technology: