Navigation Links
Molecular steps involved in the creation of gene-silencing microRNAs identified

First discovered only a few brief years ago, microRNAs are small, remarkably powerful molecules that appear to play a pivotal role in gene silencing, one of the body's main strategies for regulating its genome. A scant 22 nucleotides in length, miRNAs appear to work by binding to and somehow interfering with messenger RNA, itself responsible for translating genes into proteins.

But how do miRNAs arise? And what can we learn about their biological function from their origins? In a study published last year in Nature, researchers at The Wistar Institute identified a two-protein complex, called the microprocessor complex, which controls the earliest steps in the creation of miRNAs in the cell nucleus.

Now, in a new study published online by Nature today, the Wistar group has identified a three-protein complex that picks up the process in the cell cytoplasm and carries it through to the maturation of the finished miRNAs.

Taken together, the two Nature studies trace the generation of miRNAs from the genes that give rise to long primary RNA molecules through to the mature miRNAs that target messenger RNA. Significantly, the research also shows that the finished miRNAs are associated with a protein called Argonaute 2, known to be involved in inactivating messenger RNA.

"In this study, we were able to link processing of the miRNAs directly through to the molecules responsible for silencing genes," says Ramin Shiekhattar, Ph.D., an associate professor at Wistar and senior author on both Nature studies. "The miRNAs provide specificity for those molecules, which do the actual work of gene silencing."

Intriguingly, the research also links the process of creating miRNAs with aspects of the HIV life cycle and with tumor suppression. The study identifies three proteins that work together in the cytoplasm to create finished miRNAs. Individually, each of the proteins was known previously, but their joint role in producing miRNAs is newly deline
'"/>

Source:The Wistar Institute


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Molecular biology fills gaps in knowledge of bat evolution
2. Molecular machine may lead to new drugs to combat human diseases
3. Molecular Motors Cooperate In Moving Cellular Cargo, Study Shows
4. Molecular models advance the fight against malaria
5. Molecular fossils uncover link between viruses and the immune system
6. Molecular thermometers on skin cells detect heat and camphor
7. Molecular messengers perform a crucial role in the ability of injured nerve cells to heal themselves
8. Molecular miners find pain relief drugs from the sea
9. Molecular mechanism of feather formation found
10. Molecular trigger for Huntingtons disease found
11. Molecular Partners Required For Appropriate Neuronal Gene Repression
Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014 It is a great honor for ... of the world-renowned Thoracic and Cardiovascular surgeon, Mark E ... Dr. Ginsburg, with over 34 years of experience, is ... Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center. Dr. Ginsburg has been ... and is considered an expert in the implantation of ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... DALLAS , July 3, 2014 ... Sensors Market by Type (Swipe And Area), Material (Optical ... Defense, Healthcare, Commercial Security and Banking & Finance), and ... 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global Fingerprint Sensors Market ... at a high CAGR of 16.8% from 2014 to ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Sweden , July 7, 2014 ... its first major design win (DW). A Chinese Top 5 ... the planned start of mass production in October 2014.   ... a Chinese Top 5 smartphone OEM, which has a planned ... and a target sales volume for this phone of 3 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Avery Biomedical Devices, Inc. announces the appointment of Mark E Ginsburg, M.D. to its Board of Directors 2Fingerprint Sensors Market worth $14.35 Billion by 2020 2Fingerprint Sensors Market worth $14.35 Billion by 2020 3FPC Wins DW for 1021 Touch Sensor for Flagship Smartphone from Chinese Top 5 Smartphone OEM 2
... In our not-so-distant evolutionary past, stress often meant ... so part of our body,s stress response is ... Medicine Partnership Unit (MMPU), a collaboration between the ... and the University of Heidelberg Medical Centre, have ...
... in the long-standing arms race between the flowering plant ... Duke University researchers have found that the little mustard ... prepare for the greatest onslaught of infectious spores released by ... time of day it is and change their activities accordingly, ...
... PORTLAND, Ore. -- The pediatric cardiac team at Oregon ... first in the region and one of a handful ... without open-heart surgery. To date, four patients have ... Adult Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Lab. All reported immediate improvement ...
Cached Biology News:Blood-clotting protein linked to cancer and septicemia 2Blood-clotting protein linked to cancer and septicemia 3Plant's immune defense revs up for the morning attack 2Plant's immune defense revs up for the morning attack 3OHSU fixes complex heart problems without open-heart surgery 2
(Date:7/11/2014)... July 11, 2014 Cayenne Medical, ... specializing in the soft tissue reconstruction segment, announced ... System for surgeries involving the shoulder and extremities. ... a novel, inserter-controlled deployment method. The unique delivery ... deployment, anchor pull-out, or anchor displacement (also commonly ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Ohio (PRWEB) July 10, 2014 Understanding ... ion channel-expressing cell lines, and the gap that currently ... cells that expand its industry-leading portfolio of validated ion ... on ion channel-expressing cell lines, as ion channels control ... to control this activity creates the potential to treat ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Angeles, CA (PRWEB) July 10, 2014 ... and Bioanalytical techniques during 18-20 August, 2014 at Double ... critically review the recent developments in Analytical & Bioanalytical ... the globe. , Speaking on this occasion, Dr. Srinubabu ... Analytica Acta conference is a remarkable one in ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... PETERSBURG, Russia , July 10, 2014 ... Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev , presented ... biopharmaceutical company BIOCAD . The Company is developing ... scope of MabNext project BIOCAD develops a number of ... cancer and autoimmune diseases. The ceremony took place at ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cayenne Medical Launches SureLock™ All-Suture Anchor System for Shoulder and Extremity Surgery 2Cayenne Medical Launches SureLock™ All-Suture Anchor System for Shoulder and Extremity Surgery 3Leader in Ion Channel Research Announces Newly Validated and Re-Engineered Cells 2Leader in Ion Channel Research Announces Newly Validated and Re-Engineered Cells 3A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 2A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 3A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 4Dmitry Medvedev Presented BIOCAD the First National "Industry" Award 2
... on December 10, 2007, SPACE COAST, Fla., ... its Third Annual Colloquium on the Law of,Transbeman ... will,be held December 10, 2007 along Florida,s Space ... flesh and computerized,substrate., The colloquia are open ...
... quarters of our universe is made up of some weird, ... dark energy. This month in Physics World, Eric ... at Berkeley, reveal how little we know about dark energy ... we can expect in the coming decade from a series ...
... Inc. (Nasdaq: SGMO ) announced today that Edward ... the progress of,Sangamo,s ZFP Therapeutic development programs and an ... on Tuesday, December 4, 2007 at,the BMO Capital Markets ... The presentation will be webcast live and may be ...
Cached Biology Technology:International Human Rights Day Recognized by Terasem Movement, Inc.'s Third Annual Colloquium on the Law of Transbeman Persons 2Dark energy -- 10 years on 2Sangamo BioSciences to Present at the BMO Capital Markets Health Care Conference 2
...
...
...
DryStrip aligners, 4. Category: Electrophoresis Systems & Standards & Reagents, IEF & SDS-PAGE & 2-D Electrophoresis, Multiphor II Kits & Components and Accessories....
Biology Products: