Navigation Links
Molecular biology fills gaps in knowledge of bat evolution

One in five mammals living on Earth is a bat, yet their evolutionary history is largely unknown because of a limited fossil record and conflicting or incomplete theories about their origins and divergence.

Now, a research team including University of California, Riverside Biology Professor Mark Springer, has published a paper in the Jan. 28 issue of the journal Science that uses molecular biology and the fossil data to fill in many of the gaps.

Springer coauthors the paper, titled A Molecular Phylogeny for Bats Illuminates Biogeography and the Fossil Record, with William Murphy, Stephen J. O'Brien and Emma. C. Teeling of the National Cancer Institute's Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, Frederick, MD; Ole Madsen in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands; and Paul Bates of the Harrison Institute's Centre for Systematics and Biodiversity Research, Kent, U.K.

"The present work advances our understanding of where bats originated, when they diversified and how different bat families are related to each other," Springer said. "It also quantifies the fraction of the fossil record that is missing for bats."

The team, using DNA sequencing, analyzed data from portions of 17 nuclear genes from representatives of all bat families.

Their results support the hypothesis that the group of large fruit-eating bats from the tropics, that fly mostly during the day - known to biologists as megabats - emerged from four major lineages of smaller and more widely dispersed, mostly insect-eating, night-flying bats, known as microbats. These microbats - also known for their highly specialized echolocation - originated about 52 to 50 million years ago during a lush period of significant global warming in a region that is now North America.

This latest research helps fill gaps in the evolutionary history of one of the most diverse group of mammals on earth and the only mammals capable of powered flight. The foss il record alone left bat evolutionary history about 61 percent incomplete, according to Springer. Bats play a major ecological role as plant pollinators and insect predators.

For Springer, this latest research is significant because it shows that molecular information can contribute to resolving and illuminating long-standing problems in evolutionary biology.

The current findings lay the groundwork for further research that, Springer hopes, will expand the coverage of classifications of bats from the family level to the genus level and probe in more detail into the bat evolutionary record. He also plans to compare the completeness of the bat fossil record with that of other mammals.


'"/>

Source:University of California - Riverside


Related biology news :

1. Molecular machine may lead to new drugs to combat human diseases
2. Molecular Motors Cooperate In Moving Cellular Cargo, Study Shows
3. Molecular models advance the fight against malaria
4. Molecular fossils uncover link between viruses and the immune system
5. Molecular thermometers on skin cells detect heat and camphor
6. Molecular messengers perform a crucial role in the ability of injured nerve cells to heal themselves
7. Molecular steps involved in the creation of gene-silencing microRNAs identified
8. Molecular miners find pain relief drugs from the sea
9. Molecular mechanism of feather formation found
10. Molecular trigger for Huntingtons disease found
11. Molecular Partners Required For Appropriate Neuronal Gene Repression
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/7/2017)... March 7, 2017 Brandwatch , the leading social ... The Prince,s Trust to uncover insights to support its reporting, ... The UK,s leading youth charity will be using Brandwatch ... and get a better understanding of the topics and issues that ... ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... -- Who risk to be deprived of its imprint ... https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/4313699/ WILL APPLE AND SAMSUNG CONFRONT ... sensors using capacitive technology represent a fast growing market, ... an increase of 360% of the number of fingerprint ... sensor market between 2014 and 2017 (source : N+1 ...
(Date:2/28/2017)... 27. Februar 2017  EyeLock LLC, ein marktführendes Unternehmen ... erstklassige biometrische Lösung zur Iris-Erkennung auf der ... LTE auf dem Mobile World Congress 2017 ... in Halle 3, Stand 3E10, vorstellen. ... Qualcomm Haven™ – eine Kombination aus Hardware, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... 2017 Neurotrope, Inc. (OTCQB: NTRP),  a ... diseases, including Alzheimer,s disease, today announced that it ... the Company,s common stock on the NASDAQ Capital ... Market, a unit of the NASDAQ OMX Group. ... Opening Bell at the NASDAQ MarketSite in Times ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 2017 On Thursday, March 23, ... 5,817.69, down 0.07%; the Dow Jones Industrial Average edged ... 500 closed at 2,345.96, marginally dropping 0.11%. US markets ... green, 4 sectors finished in red, and 1 sector ... initiated reports coverage on the following Biotechnology equities: BioDelivery ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... The Global Market for Bioproducts Should ... at a CAGR of 8.9%, This research ... into seven major product segments: bio-derived chemicals, biofuels, pharmaceuticals (biodrugs ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Ellen Matloff, president and ... Council (CTC) as a 2017 Women of Innovation® finalist. Matloff will be among ... Dinner. , The dinner recognizes women accomplished in science, technology, engineering and math ...
Breaking Biology Technology: