Navigation Links
Misclassified for centuries, medicinal leeches found to be 3 distinct species

ome legitimate, many not. Demand for leeches in 19th-century Europe grew so intense that efforts to protect them led to the some of the earliest legislative efforts at biological conservation.

Leeches are still afforded protection by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and are regulated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), the Berne Convention, and the European Union Habitat Directive.

Commercially available European medicinal leeches also are used extensively by biomedical researchers studying biological processes such as blood coagulation, developmental genetics and neurobiology. Studies of commercial specimens have figured prominently in the discovery and production of anticoagulants and protease inhibitors, some of which may have cancer-fighting properties.

That researchers have been mistakenly using Hirudo verbana in their work for decades may call much of this research, including hundreds of scientific publications, into question and force a reconsideration of what scientists think they know about this widely studied species.

Siddall and his colleagues examined mitochondrial and nuclear DNA of wild leeches from across their range in Europe, as well as from samples supplied by commercial providers and university laboratories that use leeches as model organisms.

Their analysis clearly showed that the commercial and laboratory specimens were not Hirudo medicinalis, as they were labeled, but Hirudo verbana. In addition, the work showed that the specimens of wild European medicinal leeches clearly comprised three genetically distinct species.
'"/>

Source:National Science Foundation


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New component of the brakes on nerve regeneration found
2. Strongest proof yet found for prion hypothesis
3. A puzzle piece found in unraveling the wiring of the brain
4. New World founders small in number
5. Norovirus found to cause travelers diarrhea
6. Pair of cancer genes found to drive both cell migration and division
7. Alien woodwasp, threat to US pine trees, found in N.Y.
8. Achilles heel of the herpes virus possibly found
9. Purdue scientists may have found key to halting spinal cord damage
10. Unexpected lock and key mechanism found for the assembly of tumor blood vessels
11. New protein vital for immune response is found in surprise location
Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/2/2015)... , April 2, 2015 ... DERMALOG by far outperforms the strongest competitors, showing ... high accuracy, the system is capable of a ... speed proves up to be ten times faster ... its runner-up performance.      (Photo: ...
(Date:4/1/2015)... OXFORD, Conn. , Apr. 1, 2015  NXT-ID, ... a biometric authentication company focused on the growing mobile ... number of Wocket smart wallets is underway to early ... early access group includes usage at retail outlets including ... CVS Pharmacy. Users report Wocket was accepted at all ...
(Date:3/30/2015)... , Mar. 26, 2015 Research and Markets ... of the "Global Gesture Recognition Market in Automotive ... The analysts forecast the Global Gesture Recognition market in ... over the period 2013-2018. Gesture recognition is ... to different gestures of an individual. Gesture recognition technology ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):DERMALOG AFIS Emerges as Performance Winner in NIST Benchmark Test 2DERMALOG AFIS Emerges as Performance Winner in NIST Benchmark Test 3NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 2NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 3NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 4Global Gesture Recognition Market in Automotive Sector Report 2015 - Growing Number of Partnerships 2
... of Velociraptor rewrites evolutionary charts , The recent ... that dromaeosaurs, a group of carnivorous theropods that ... originated much earlier than previously thought. Rather than ... traced back to the Jurassic, possibly as far ...
... a pheromone emitted by older male elephants in musth influences ... surrounding elephants behave, a new study has found. , ... University of Auckland in New Zealand say the release of ... frontalin, depends on whether the male elephant is mature enough ...
... immune system to absorb and digest pathogenic intruders. Some ... multiply within the macrophages. Cell biologists at the University ... recently publication in the journal 'Traffic' (Vol. 6, No. ... pathogens escape the 'stomach' of the macrophages which might ...
Cached Biology News:Newly discovered birdlike dinosaur is oldest raptor ever found in South America 2Newly discovered birdlike dinosaur is oldest raptor ever found in South America 3Newly discovered birdlike dinosaur is oldest raptor ever found in South America 4Male elephants woo females with precise chemistry 2Male elephants woo females with precise chemistry 3Dangerous tricksters: Some bacterie use immune cells to reproduce 2Dangerous tricksters: Some bacterie use immune cells to reproduce 3
(Date:4/24/2015)... /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: BIOA ) has ... of bio-succinic acid used to produce a new ... that Bayer MaterialScience has begun commercializing.    ... eco, a series of bio-based waterborne polyurethane dispersions ... 65%.  IMPRANIL ® eco has been developed ...
(Date:4/24/2015)... April 24 , 2015 PAREXEL International ... services provider, today announced that Partnerships in Clinical Trials ... Management, the 2015 Clinical Innovator of the Year.  The ... team for the Company,s Perceptive MyTrials ® Data-Driven ... Thursday night during the 2015 Partnership Awards in ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... Dora, Florida (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 ... that it intends to conduct a groundbreaking pilot ... begin to be reversed in as little as ... the science of metabolic and nutritional medicine—will aggressively ... that cripple and destroy our aging brain. These ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... 2015  Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: NBIX ) ... quarter 2015 results before the Nasdaq market opens on ... conference call and webcast to discuss its financial results ... 2015 at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time (5:00 a.m. Pacific ... call by dialing 866-952-1906 (US) or 785-424-1825 (International) using ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Bayer MaterialScience Names BioAmber As Its Supplier For New Product Line - Bio-succinic acid forms backbone of innovative new bio-based polyurethanes for textiles 2Bayer MaterialScience Names BioAmber As Its Supplier For New Product Line - Bio-succinic acid forms backbone of innovative new bio-based polyurethanes for textiles 3Bayer MaterialScience Names BioAmber As Its Supplier For New Product Line - Bio-succinic acid forms backbone of innovative new bio-based polyurethanes for textiles 4PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 2PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 3PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 4PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 5New Study Looks to Reverse Alzheimer’s Disease 2New Study Looks to Reverse Alzheimer’s Disease 3Neurocrine Biosciences Announces Conference Call and Webcast to Report First Quarter 2015 Results 2
... Source: Fiserv Imagesoft BROOKFIELD, Wis. Fiserv ... firm Fiserv, announced on Thursday that it has completed ... are geared specifically toward improving the security of image ... scanned image of an original check. , ,The new ...
... mission to Japan is building interest in possible Wisconsin ... abroad in a conference call Monday morning. , ,In ... Wisconsin representatives, Doyle has been speaking at biotechnology meetings ... much of today telling people about the value of ...
... of software. The first is that any mildly successful software ... an operating system. Thats a topic for another column. The ... piece of software that its designers never imagined. , ,EBays ... eBay bought Half.com intending to shut it down and move ...
Cached Biology Technology:Doyle builds bridges and hopes for deals in Japan 2Doyle builds bridges and hopes for deals in Japan 3Byron's laws of software 2Byron's laws of software 3