Navigation Links
Meth promotes spread of virus in HIV-infected users

Researchers at the University at Buffalo have presented the first evidence that the addictive drug methamphetamine, or meth, also commonly known as "speed" or "crystal," increases production of a docking protein that promotes the spread of the HIV-1 virus in infected users.

The investigators found that meth increases expression of a receptor called DC-SIGN, a "virus-attachment factor," allowing more of the virus to invade the immune system.

"This finding shows that using meth is doubly dangerous," said Madhavan P.N. Nair, Ph.D., first author on the study, published in the online version of the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. The study will appear in print in the September issue of the journal.

"Meth reduces inhibitions, thus increasing the likelihood of risky sexual behavior and the potential to introduce the virus into the body, and at the same time allows more virus to get into the cell," said Nair, professor of medicine and a specialist in immunology in the UB School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.

His research centers on dendritic cells, which serve as the first line of defense again pathogens, and two receptors on these cells -- HIV binding/attachment receptors (DC-SIGN) and the meth-specific dopamine receptor. Dendritic cells overloaded with virus due to the action of methamphetamine can overwhelm the T cells, the major target of HIV, and disrupt the immune response, promoting HIV infection.

"Now that we have identified the target receptor, we can develop ways to block that receptor and decrease the viral spread," said Nair. "We have to approach this disease from as many different perspectives as possible.

"If we could prevent the upregulation of the meth-specific dopamine receptor by blocking it, we may be able to prevent the interaction of meth with its specific receptors, thereby inhibiting the virus attachment receptor," said Nair.

"Right now, we don't know how the virus-attachment receptor and meth-specific receptors interact with each other, leading to the progression of HIV disease in meth-using HIV-infected subjects. That is the next question we want to answer.

"Since meth mediates its effects through interacting with dopamine receptors present on the cells, and meth increases DC-SIGN, which are the HIV attachment receptors, use of dopamine receptor blockers during HIV infection in meth users could be beneficial therapeutically to reduce HIV infection in these high-risk populations," Nair said.


'"/>

Source:University at Buffalo


Related biology news :

1. Have a taste for fat? Yes! A sensor in the mouth promotes preference for fatty foods
2. Texas scientists discover how a hepatitis C protein promotes liver cancer
3. A Jekyll and Hyde of cytokines: IL-25 both promotes and limits inflammatory diseases
4. Serotonin, acting in a specific brain region, promotes sleep in fruit flies
5. Salk scientists hammer out a pathway that promotes muscle cell survival in mice
6. Anti-bacterial additive widespread in U.S. waterways
7. HIV-1 spread through six transmission lines in the UK
8. Reservoirs may accelerate the spread of invasive aquatic species, researchers say
9. Undesirable expatriates: Preventing the spread of invasive animals
10. Nanobacteria in clouds could spread disease, scientists claim
11. Rabies spread speeds up
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/28/2017)... -- News solutions for biometrics, bag drop and New ... At ... 16 March, Materna will present its complete end-to-end passenger journey, ... a real benefit for passengers. To accelerate the whole passenger ... point solutions to take passengers through the complete integrated process ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... 2017  Securus Technologies, a leading provider of ... safety, investigation, corrections and monitoring, announces the appointment ... "Too often, too many offenders return to ... are trying to tackle this ongoing problem and ... family members. While significant steps are underway, Securus continues ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... and PORTLAND, Ore. , ... and the Avamere Family of Companies (Avamere Health Services, ... announced a six-month research study that will apply the ... eldercare at senior living and health centers. By analyzing ... hopes to gain insights into physical and environmental conditions, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017  SeraCare Life Sciences, Inc., a ... vitro diagnostics manufacturers and clinical laboratories, is ... multiplexed Inherited Cancer reference material ... next-generation sequencing (NGS). The Seraseqâ„¢ Inherited Cancer DNA ... from industry experts to validate the ability ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... -- BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: BPMX), a specialty pharmaceutical ... reported financial results for the quarter and year ... update on the company,s clinical development efforts and ... pleased to report that last year was a ... Krammer. "We achieved key clinical milestones and attracted ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Kineta, Inc., a biotechnology ... therapies in immuno-oncology, today announced the discovery and ... compounds that activate interferon response factor 3 (IRF3) ... immune-mediated tumor regression in a murine colon carcinoma ... demonstrated complete tumor regression to initial drug treatment ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... According to a report by Transparency Market Research (TMR), ... the presence of a large pool of participants; however, only a ... Sigma-Aldrich, compete with each other in this market. With Proliant being ... of this market in 2016.  ... As of now, a large number of vendors are ...
Breaking Biology Technology: