Navigation Links
Mayo Clinic researchers discover cancer cells may move via wave stimulation

Mayo Clinic researchers have uncovered a new cellular secret that may explain how certain cancers move and spread -- a feature of cancers that makes treatment especially difficult. If the mechanism that drives cancer movement -- also called metastasis -- can be understood well enough to manipulate it, new and better treatments can be developed for patients with metastatic cancers.

Significance of the Mayo Clinic Research

The Mayo researchers focused on odd protrusions observable by microscope on the surface of certain cancer cells: circular waves. Until now, no one has fully understood the function of these waves. The Mayo findings in the current edition of Cancer Research http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/current.shtml are the first to show one role the waves play. They selectively round up activated growth-promoting proteins from the cell surface and take them to the interior of the cell. Under normal conditions, this process would help terminate signals from these growth-promoting proteins. However, in cancer cells it appears that either these waves may not function properly, or that the internalized proteins may remain active longer, which allows them to "instruct" a cell to acquire cancerous traits such as excessive growth and invasive movement that constitute metastasis. These waves are important for helping to keep these cancer-growth commands at bay.

Studying human pancreatic tumor cells, the Mayo researchers found that the waves store up to half the activated Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors (EGFR) from the surface of the cell and take this cache to the interior of the cells. This is important for understanding cancer because aberrant activation of EGFR can promote the excessive growth typical of cancers.

"These findings have broad implications toward the general understanding of how specific processes in the wave may affect such things as cell growth, cell movement and metastasis," explains Mark McNiven, Ph.D., the lead researcher on the Mayo Clinic team. "Our work provides new insights into a novel mechanism by which cells can internalize growth factor information. Understanding this process is the first step toward one day halting it, preventing it or reversing it therapeutically."Why Movement Matters

Cell growth and movement are vital topics in cancer research because cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in which the normal balance between growth promotion and growth inhibition is disrupted. Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and the EGFR to which it homes and docks are a hot topic in cancer research because EGF promotes growth through binding and activating its receptor and certain tumors exhibit elevated levels of EGFR. In addition, activated EGFR have been implicated in the development and spread of several human cancers, including cancers of the colon, ovary, breast and lung.

Wave Basics

Waves are circular ruffled surface structures on the exterior plasma membrane of a cell that can be observed through a conventional light microscope. They form in response to stimulation from EGF and exist for 10 to 20 minutes before disappearing. Waves intrigue researchers because wave-based internalization of activated EGFR to the interior of the cell was a previously unknown mechanism. The wave pathway appears to be a parallel pathway vital for transmitting and regulating normal cellular communication. Waves occur less often in certain tumor cells, indicating they may play a role in modulating or terminating cancer-promoting signals. Persistent cancer-promoting signals in cells lacking waves could subsequently allow them to be more motile and invasive. Waves also are important for cell movement -- at least in normal cells -- by actively reorganizing some of the cellular infrastructure at the leading edge of a cell allowing the cell to form a pliable footlike structure (lamellipod ia). Previous work by this Mayo Clinic team was the first to correlate the formation of lamellipodia with wave-induced reorganization within a cell.


'"/>

Source:Mayo Clinic


Related biology news :

1. Mayo Clinic Researchers Create Obedient Virus; First Step To Use Measles Virus Against Cancer
2. Chronic Sinus Infection Thought To Be Tissue Issue, Mayo Clinic Scientists Show Its Snot
3. Clinical trial to test stem cell approach for children with brain injury
4. Mayo Clinic collaboration discovers protein amplifies DNA injury signals
5. Mayo Clinic researchers challenge sepsis theory
6. Mayo Clinic study finds two genes predict outcome for breast cancer patients
7. Mayo Clinic Cancer Center: Harnessing the measles virus to attack cancer
8. Mayo Clinic collaboration mining of ancient herbal text leads to potential new anti-bacterial drug
9. Mayo Clinic study suggests that a central nervous system viral infection can lead to memory deficits
10. Mayo Clinic: Gene expression profiling not quite perfected in predicting lung cancer prognosis
11. NYU researchers simulate molecular biological clock
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/3/2016)... Lithuania , May 3, 2016  Neurotechnology, ... released the MegaMatcher Automated Biometric Identification System ... of large-scale multi-biometric projects. MegaMatcher ABIS can process ... accuracy using any combination of fingerprint, face or ... MegaMatcher SDK and MegaMatcher Accelerator ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... and BANGALORE, India , April 28, ... Systems, a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: INFY ... announced a global partnership that will provide end ... use mobile banking and payment services.      (Logo: ... key innovation area for financial services, but it also plays ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... First quarter 2016:   , Revenues amounted ... quarter of 2015 The gross margin was 49% (27) ... the operating margin was 40% (-13) Earnings per share ... operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , Outlook   ... M. The operating margin for 2016 is estimated to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... PUNE, India , May 3, 2016 ... Type (DNA Chip (Genomics, Drug Discovery, Gene ... Chips), End user (Academics Institutes, Diagnostics Centers), ... 2020" published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is ... 2020 from USD 7.63 Billion in 2015, ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... Playbook™ enterprise talent development, skill-building and compliance training platform on mobile devices, ... training course: Overview of Regulatory Requirements for Medical Devices. The course is essential ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 , ... In a ... 25 out of the state’s 76 fastest-growing private companies; a small percentage of the ... and ranked organizations on the percent change in revenue from 2012 to 2015. ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Leading CEOs ... on May 31st and June 1st at The Four Seasons Hotel Boston. , ... the life sciences, offering exclusive access to key decision makers who influence deal ...
Breaking Biology Technology: