Navigation Links
Man may have caused pre-historic extinctions

New research shows that pre-historic horses in Alaska may have been hunted into extinction by man, rather than by climate change as previously thought.

The discovery by Andrew Solow of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, US, David Roberts of the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew and Karen Robbirt of the University of East Anglia (UEA) is published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

The accepted view had previously been that the wild horses became extinct long before the extinction of mammoths and the arrival of humans from Asia - ruling out the possibility that they were over-hunted by man. One theory had been that a period of climate cooling wiped them out.

However, the researchers have discovered that uncertainties in dating fossil remains and the incompleteness of fossil records mean that the survival of the horse beyond the arrival of humans cannot be ruled out.

The PNAS paper develops a new statistical method to help resolve the inherent problems associated with dating fossils from the Pleistocene period. The aim is to provide a far more accurate timetable for the extinction of caballoid horses and mammoths and, ultimately, the cause.

"This research is exciting because it throws open the debate as to whether climate change or over-hunting may have led to the extinction of pre-historic horses in North America," said UEA's Karen Robbirt.

The Pleistocene period refers to the first epoch of the Quarternary period between 1.64 million and 10,000 years ago. It was characterised by extensive glaciation of the northern hemisphere and the evolution of modern man around 100,000 years ago.

It is known that the end of the Pleistocene period was a time of large-scale extinctions of animals and plants in North America and elsewhere but the factors responsible have remained open to question, with climate change and over-hunting by humans the prime suspects.Ends


'"/>

Source:University of East Anglia


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. UNC launches study of liver injury caused by drugs
2. Oxygen increase caused mammals to triumph, researchers say
3. Blocking the nerve receptor EP1 in mouse models reduces brain damage caused by stroke
4. Stem cell mobilization therapy appears to be ineffective in repairing damage caused by heart attack
5. Whiplash injuries ?are they caused by startle reflexes?
6. Cocaine high caused by interference in neuronal receiving stations
7. Scientists discover new virus caused deaths of transplant recipients from single donor
8. New study may show how to forestall a fatal, virus-caused immune-system meltdown
9. Out-of-body experiences may be caused by arousal system disturbances in brain
10. Super predators and mass extinctions
11. New study pinpoints epicenters of Earths imminent extinctions
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/18/2017)... SUNNYVALE, Calif. , April 18, 2017  Socionext Inc., a ... prototype of a media edge server, the M820, which features the ... face recognition software provided by Tera Probe, Inc., will be showcased ... and at the NAB show at the Las Vegas ... ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... grow at a CAGR of 30.37% during the period 2017-2021. ... prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry ... over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... , April 5, 2017 Today HYPR ... that the server component of the HYPR platform is ... providing the end-to-end security architecture that empowers biometric authentication ... HYPR has already secured over 15 million users across ... manufacturers of connected home product suites and physical access ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/22/2017)... , ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... that it is exhibiting in booth B2 at the Association for Pathology ... 22-25. , In addition to demonstrating its Cancer Diagnostic Cockpit and Consultation ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... May 18, 2017 , ... Dr. Ralph Mobbs of ... Prince Of Wales Private Hospital. The procedure was performed on a 46-year-old male ... conservative treatments prior to undergoing surgery. , The AxioMed viscoelastic disc is a ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... May 17, 2017 , ... ... compliance and commercialization, has just released version 9.0 of the Cognition Cockpit platform. ... version of Cockpit,” says David Cronin, CEO of Cognition. “We’re thrilled to finally ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... When James Sherley, was notified earlier this year that his company ... Year 2017 by The Silicon Review , he was not surprised as others might ... value, but this recognition by Silicon Valley was particularly meaningful. Our selection ...
Breaking Biology Technology: