Navigation Links
MIT: Oceans are a major gene swap-meet for plankton

e to provide a unified understanding of genomic evolutionary mechanisms and their impact on microbial ecology in the oceans.

The other paper from Chisholm's laboratory (lead authors are Zackary I. Johnson, now at the University of Hawaii, and Erik Zinser, now at the University of Tennessee), compares six known ecotypes, or subdivisions, of the Prochlorococcus microbes according to where they're found and under what conditions they thrive. Their geographic patterns suggest causal relations with environmental variables such as temperature, predators, light and nutrients.

Remarkably, despite centuries of oceanic research, tiny Prochlorococcus wasn't even known to exist two decades ago. It was discovered in 1985 during an open ocean research cruise by Rob Olson of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Chisholm.

Since then the science has progressed dramatically, and Chisholm can now describe Prochlorococcus in detail as "the smallest photosynthetic machine. It can convert the sun's energy into food through photosynthesis using only 1,700 genes, something the human body cannot do with 30,000 genes. In fact, despite all of our technological ingenuity, we cannot even mimic this process."

Chisholm, who is co-director of MIT's Earth System Initiative, explained that as biological oceanographers she and her colleagues are trying to understand the bio-geo-chemistry of the oceans. That is, they're trying to learn "how these microbes function as a system in which they have not only co-evolved with each other, but also with the chemistry and physics of the oceans. These three - chemistry, physics and biology - are tightly linked as a system, meaning you can't change one without altering the other two."

Such work is based on the discovery that seawater is absolutely loaded with invisible microbes. In trying to understand how this microbial system works, the MIT team has focused on Prochlorococcus as a model.

The team's studie
'"/>

Source:Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Oceans more vulnerable to agricultural runoff than previously thought, study finds
2. Oceans turning to acid from rise in CO2
3. Oceans are 70 percent shark free
4. Columbia research lifts major hurdle to gene therapy for cancer
5. Researchers uncover sequence of major rice pathogen
6. Emergence of cancer as major cause of childhood death in developing countries is not being adequately addressed
7. Biochemists report discovery of structure of major piece of telomerase; implications for cancer
8. Virologists make major step towards understanding the process of HIV infection
9. Biota makes major antiviral discovery
10. New gene scanning technology marks a major advance in disease research
11. LIAI scientists make major finding on potential smallpox treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: MIT Oceans are major gene swap meet for plankton

(Date:11/21/2014)... November 18, 2014 According to ... by Systems (Video, RFID, Access Control, Intrusion Detection, Parking ... Banks, Government), Component Service Geography - Global Forecasts to ... is projected to be around $25 Billion in 2014 ... growing at a CAGR of 8.69%. Browse ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... Nov. 18, 2014  The Secure Identity & ... today jointly announce the formation of The Airport ... its Identity and Biometric Entry and Exit ... received official support from BORDERPOL, the international non-profit ... and provide expertise regarding border security, traveler and ...
(Date:11/12/2014)... Nov. 12, 2014 Crossmatch™, a leading provider ... U.are.U ® fingerprint readers have been deployed throughout ... Central Mexico . The bakery chain implemented ... payroll issues caused by employees clocking in for each ... fingerprint readers, Montparnasse relied on paper timecards and a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Industrial Security Systems Market Worth $38 Billion by 2020 2Industrial Security Systems Market Worth $38 Billion by 2020 3Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 2Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 3Montparnasse Pasteleria Achieves Time and Attendance Transparency with Crossmatch U.are.U Fingerprint Readers 2
... Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center ... treat multiple types of cancer. A study, published this ... that AT-406 effectively targets proteins that block normal cell death ... while not harming normal cells. The researchers believe the drug ...
... 29, 2011)Uterine fibroid embolizationan interventional radiology treatment for ... in the muscular wall of the uterusimproves a ... are specifically caused by those fibroids, confirm researchers ... Scientific Meeting in Chicago, Ill. "Uterine fibroid ...
... formulation of antioxidants taken orally before imaging with ionizing ... of Interventional Radiology,s 36th Annual Scientific Meeting in Chicago, ... clinical trial of its kind, as much as a ... administering the formula prior to CT scans. "In ...
Cached Biology News:New cancer drug discovered at U-M heads to clinical trials 2Fibroids cause women's lower urinary tract problems: uterine fibroid embolization helps 2Fibroids cause women's lower urinary tract problems: uterine fibroid embolization helps 3Antioxidant formula prior to radiation exposure may prevent DNA injury 2
(Date:12/15/2014)... METTLER TOLEDO is pleased to announce that the ... PVM technology , is now available. The new ... continuously captures high-resolution images under a wide range ... a report pairing the most relevant images to ... compelling blend of high resolution images and trend ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... -- Origin Agritech Limited (NASDAQ GS: SEED) (" Origin ", or ... in China , today announced that the ... September 30, 2014, before the market opens on Thursday, January ... on January 8, 2015, at 8:00 a.m. ET / 9:00 ... results. To participate in the call, please dial +1-888-346-8982 in ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... Maryland (PRWEB) December 12, 2014 Clarassance, ... today announced its new name: Therabron Therapeutics , ... therapy and bronchioles (a type of structure in the ... the company’s mission to develop novel protein therapeutics for ... of directors decided to change the name to mark ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... 13, 2014 According to population studies: ... between now and 2030." If a population explosion like ... most populous state in the country. , To that ... the Future of North Carolina Forum on December 16th ... have the necessary infrastructure in place? Enough clean water? ...
Breaking Biology Technology:New Real-Time In Situ Probe-Based Video Microscope from METTLER TOLEDO 2Origin Agritech Limited to Announce Fiscal 2014 Annual Financial Results on January 8th, 2015 2Origin Agritech Limited to Announce Fiscal 2014 Annual Financial Results on January 8th, 2015 3Maryland-based Biotech Company's Path Forward in Treating Respiratory Diseases Sparks Name Change 2North Carolina Chamber of Commerce: Asking Questions & Gathering Answers with a Futurist 2
... Anticipating a catastrophic increase in Alzheimer,s disease and related ... Plan for Alzheimer,s disease, a disease estimated to double ... a 10-year course of action with guiding principles, goals ... crisis.   Alzheimer,s will soon soar to ...
... 2011 GlobalCare Clinical Trials, Ltd, (GlobalCare) today ... selected clinical study visits at convenient locations – ... – for study patients to support phase I-IV ... and personalized medicine in all age groups. GlobalCare,s ...
... Inc. (NYSE Amex: PTN ) announced that it ... Stock Conference on Tuesday, March 15, 2011, at 12:00 p.m. ... Carlton Laguna Niguel in Dana Point, CA. ... Technologies, will provide an update on Palatin,s corporate and development ...
Cached Biology Technology:California Leaders Confront Alarming Rise in Alzheimer's Cases 2California Leaders Confront Alarming Rise in Alzheimer's Cases 3GlobalCare Clinical Trials, Ltd Announces Company Expansion Into Latin America 2GlobalCare Clinical Trials, Ltd Announces Company Expansion Into Latin America 3GlobalCare Clinical Trials, Ltd Announces Company Expansion Into Latin America 4
Rat polyclonal to Vitamin B3 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: Chemical / Small Molecule, Vitamin B3 conjugated to BSA....
Request Info...
Amyloid stain....
Dopamine D2 and D3 receptor, human and possibly mouse. AB1502 detects 40 ng of dopamine receptor peptide by ELISA. AB1502 is not neutralizing....
Biology Products: