Navigation Links
Loss of stem cells correlates with premature aging in animal study

Researchers at the Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute of the University of Pennsylvania have found that deleting a gene important in embryo development leads to premature aging and loss of stem cell reservoirs in adult mice. This gene, ATR, is essential for the body’s response to damaged DNA, and mutations in proteins in the DNA damage response underlie certain types of cancer and other disorders in humans. This work appears in the inaugural issue of Cell Stem Cell.

“The reason we’re seeing the early signs of aging in these mice is that we’re exhausting their ability to renew tissues,” says Eric J. Brown, PhD, Assistant Professor of Cancer Biology. “We believe these findings may be helpful to the aging and oncology fields since premature aging syndromes and many cancers involve the loss of DNA repair genes.”

When the researchers deleted ATR in the tissues of adult mice, they noticed that the mice showed signs of premature aging, such as hair graying, hair loss, and osteoporosis, within three to four months.

To be able to renew itself, most tissues have a reservoir of specific adult stem cells. These stem cells don’t divide as frequently as other cell types since they need to maintain the integrity of their DNA, and multiple divisions lead to natural breaks in DNA. But when these stem cells are needed, their progeny can rapidly divide and are able to replenish the tissue with new cells.

Brown explains that in the current study the mouse cells without ATR had an overwhelming amount of DNA damage and could not contribute to tissue renewal; nevertheless, the 10 to 20 percent of cells that escaped ATR deletion were able to reconstitute tissues in the engineered mice, at least initially.

“Think of aging as a slow loss of stem cells, a deterioration of pools of cells that reside in each tissue type,” says Brown. We accelerated the aging process by wiping out a large fraction of these cells prematurely, in one f ell swoop. Essentially, these mice start their young adulthood with two strikes against them in terms of long-term tissue maintenance, and so, they subsequently age before their time.”

With this new knowledge of how DNA repair, stem cells, and the aging process interconnect, Brown, first author Yaroslava Ruzankina, and Amma Asare are currently using this mouse model to discover compounds that preserve stem cells and may, consequentially, suppress aging.


'"/>

Source:University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine


Related biology news :

1. Wisconsin scientists grow critical nerve cells
2. Spleen may be source of versatile stem cells
3. Researchers discover way to make cells in the eye sensitive to light
4. Priming embryonic stem cells to fulfill their promise
5. Lack of enzyme turns fat cells into fat burners
6. Poor prenatal nutrition permanently damages function of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas
7. Elusive HIV shape change revealed; Key clue to how virus infects cells
8. Mouse brain cells rapidly recover after Alzheimers plaques are cleared
9. Enzyme allows B cells to resist death, leading to leukemia
10. Scientists rid stem cell culture of key animal cells
11. Genetically modified natural killer immune cells attack, kill leukemia cells

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/3/2017)... April 3, 2017  Data captured by ... platform, detected a statistically significant association between ... to treatment and objective response of cancer ... to predict whether cancer patients will respond ... as well as to improve both pre-infusion potency ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... , March 30, 2017 Trends, opportunities and ... and behavioral), by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, facial ... and others), by end use industry (government and law ... financial and banking, and others), and by region ( ... , Asia Pacific , and the ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... 27, 2017  Catholic Health Services (CHS) has ... Society (HIMSS) Analytics for achieving Stage 6 on ... . In addition, CHS previously earned a place ... an electronic medical record (EMR). "HIMSS ... of EMR usage in an outpatient setting.  This ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/9/2017)... , Oct. 9, 2017  BioTech Holdings ... mechanism by which its ProCell stem cell therapy ... limb ischemia.  The Company, demonstrated that treatment with ... of limbs saved as compared to standard bone ... molecule HGF resulted in reduction of therapeutic effect.  ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... October 09, 2017 , ... The Giving Tree Wellness Center ... the needs of consumers who are incorporating medical marijuana into their wellness and ... , As operators of two successful Valley dispensaries, The Giving Tree’s two founders, ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... ... its ProxiMeta™ Hi-C metagenome deconvolution product, featuring the first commercially available Hi-C ... software to perform Hi-C metagenome deconvolution using their own facilities, supplementing the ...
(Date:10/6/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... On Tuesday, ... webinar on INSIGhT, the first-ever adaptive clinical trial for glioblastoma (GBM). The featured ... event is free and open to the public, but registration is required. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology: