Navigation Links
Key to elephant conservation is 'in the sauce'

What do hot sauce aficionados and African elephants have in common? They both feel the burn of chilli peppers, the key ingredient for resolving human-elephant conflicts in Africa while raising money for farmers and conservation.

Supported by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and other groups, the Elephant Pepper Development Trust (EPDT) has not only promoted the use of chilli peppers as a means of keeping elephants, buffalo, and other species away from important sources of human food, but has also introduced a viable cash crop to the economy of African nations.

"Chilli peppers are unpalatable to crop-raiding mammals, so they give farmers an economically feasible means of minimizing damage to their investments," said Loki Osborn, project director for the EPDT. "They can be grown as buffer crops to prevent crop-raiding and then be harvested and sold on the world market through the trust."

Osborn originated the idea of Elephant Pepper in 1997, when he found that chilli peppers could be used as a means of stopping elephants from destroying crops in the Zambezi Valley, which straddles the borders of Zimbabwe and Zambia. While electric fences and other deterrents are prohibitively expensive, chillies provide farmers with a cost-effective means of warding off the elephants without inflicting them with permanent damage.

Specifically, farmers use chilli peppers to deter potential crop raiders in two ways: as a protective buffer crop to surround core crops of maize, sorghum and millet; and as an ingredient in a spray to drive away animals.

In addition, chillies are currently being used in the production of bottled hot sauces, jams and relishes. Proceeds from these products are donated to the trust to support to the development of chilli growing projects.

"This is a highly creative and effective way to solve a growing problem across the African landscape," said Dr. James Deutsch, director of WCS' Africa Program. "With the gr owth of human populations in the Zambezi Valley and beyond, people and wildlife come into more frequent contact than before. Elephant Pepper products are a working example of how the survival of elephants can be reconciled with the livelihoods of farmers."

Since its founding, the Elephant Pepper Development Trust has served up to 250 farmers in the valley, and in 2003, the trust was awarded a $108,000 grant from the World Bank. The trust also formed two companies, the African Spices Company in Zambia, and the Chilli Pepper Company in Zimbabwe. Due to social and economic unrest currently raging in Zimbabwe, the trust's operations there have ceased, opting instead to continue production in Johannesburg, South Africa.


'"/>

Source:Wildlife Conservation Society


Related biology news :

1. Scientists journey to southern Africa to unravel the secret world of elephant communication
2. Vietnam war technology could aid elephant conservation
3. Male elephants woo females with precise chemistry
4. Genetic analysis of Asian elephants in India reveals some surprises
5. WWF peeks into mysterious life of Borneos pygmy elephants
6. New study of the worlds smallest elephant
7. Drunken elephants: The marula fruit myth
8. An elephant tail
9. Widespread elephant slaughter discovered in Chad
10. Serengeti patrols cut poaching of buffalo, elephants, rhinos
11. Biodiversity hotspots identify conservation priorities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/9/2017)... FRANCISCO and MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. ... , "Eating Well Made Simple," and 23andMe , ... help guide better food choices.  Zipongo can now provide ... their food preferences, health goals and biometrics, but also ... certain food choices. Zipongo,s personalized food decision ...
(Date:3/7/2017)...   HireVue , the leading provider of video ... best talent, faster, today announced the additions of ... Diana Kucer as Chief Marketing Officer (CMO). ... poised to drive continued growth in the company,s new ... record bookings in 2017. "Companies worldwide turn ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... Summary This report provides all the information you ... activities since 2010. ... Read the full report: http://www.reportlinker.com/p03605615-summary/view-report.html ... an in-depth insight into the partnering activity of one of ... company reports are prepared upon purchase to ensure inclusion of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... March 24, 2017 Agenus Inc. (NASDAQ: AGEN), ... antibodies and cancer vaccines, today announced participation at the ...  Annual William Blair and Maidstone Life Sciences conference "Cancer ... in New York, NY . Agenus ... 29 at 9:40 am: Robert B. Stein , ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... to their offering. ... The Global Market for Bioproducts Should Reach ... a CAGR of 8.9%, This research report ... seven major product segments: bio-derived chemicals, biofuels, pharmaceuticals (biodrugs and ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Colo. , March 23, 2017  GlobeImmune, Inc. ... agreement for the sale of 12,835,490 shares of its ... NantWorks  ecosystem of companies. In connection with the sale of ... $100,000 in cash and issue to GlobeImmune 200,000 shares, ... stock. "We are pleased to enter ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017 Kineta, Inc., a ... novel therapies in immuno-oncology, today announced the discovery ... molecule compounds that activate interferon response factor 3 ... demonstrate immune-mediated tumor regression in a murine colon ... who demonstrated complete tumor regression to initial drug ...
Breaking Biology Technology: