Navigation Links
Investment level in HIV prevention programs related to HIV incidence in the United States

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health conducted a historical analysis to examine the relationship between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) HIV prevention budget and HIV incidence in the U.S. from 1978 to 2006. The results are published in the January 2007 edition of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

The researchers found that from the beginning of the epidemic until 1985 (when new infections peaked), incidence of HIV predicted investment levels. During this period, society responded to increasing levels of infection with more investment in prevention programs. Things changed in the mid 1980s when investment levels began to predict incidence. That is, as the nation continued to increase the funding of HIV prevention programs, HIV dropped substantially from 160,000 infections per year to about 40,000 infections per year. In the early 1990s, as the level of investment (adjusted for inflation) flattened out with little annual change, so too did the number of new infections per year. This suggested to the researchers that level investment yields level incidence.

"Our analysis helps explain why the number of new HIV infections has remained at 40,000 per year for over 15 years," said David R. Holtgrave, PhD, chair of the Department of Health Behavior and Society at the Bloomberg School of Public Health and lead author of the study. "Investment levels have predicted HIV incidence since the mid-1980s. If we want to lower infections further in the U.S., these analyses suggest we should consider increasing our national investment. Yes, that may seem expensive, but HIV medical care easily tops $20,000 per patient per year. Therefore, funding of effective, scientifically sound HIV prevention services are likely to have a very favorable return on investment in terms of both lives and dollars saved."

Holtgrave noted that the analysis was based on historical data and is not a prospective trial of p revention effectiveness. Therefore, it is subject to methodological limitations. Nevertheless, he said it provides substantial indications of a strong relationship between the amount of national investment in HIV prevention and levels of new infections per year in the country.


'"/>

Source:Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health


Related biology news :

1. Unprecedented water level rise in Somalia
2. Low level of extinction during ice age linked to adaptability
3. New lab technique identifies high levels of pathogens in therapy pool
4. Findings have implications for tracking disease, drugs at the molecular level
5. At the molecular level, the predator is the prey
6. Scientists at Galileo Pharmaceuticals confirm inflammatory response linked to glucose levels
7. MERIS monitoring tracks planetary photosynthesis levels
8. ‘Blue Brain?project explores thought at molecular level
9. Scientists find evidence of catastrophic sand avalanches, sea level changes in Gulf of Mexico
10. High carbon dioxide levels spur Southern pines to grow more needles
11. Enzyme affects hypertension by controlling salt levels in body
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/24/2016)... patient care by providing unparalleled technology to leaders of the medical imaging industry.  As ... added to the range of products distributed by Ampronix. Photo - ... ... ... ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... , May 3, 2016  Neurotechnology, a ... the MegaMatcher Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) ... large-scale multi-biometric projects. MegaMatcher ABIS can process multiple ... using any combination of fingerprint, face or iris ... MegaMatcher SDK and MegaMatcher Accelerator , ...
(Date:4/19/2016)... April 20, 2016 The new ... a compact web-based "all-in-one" system solution for all door ... reader or the door interface with integration authorization management ... control systems. The minimal dimensions of the access control ... the building installations offer considerable freedom of design with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... Rolf ... join the faculty of the University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School ... and entrepreneurship at UNC Kenan-Flagler, with a focus on the school’s international efforts, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Epic Sciences unveiled a liquid biopsy ... PARP inhibitors by targeting homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) ... test has already been incorporated into numerous clinical ... Over 230 clinical trials are investigating ... PARP, ATM, ATR, DNA-PK and WEE-1. Drugs targeting ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... UAS LifeSciences, ... launch of their brand, UP4™ Probiotics, into Target stores nationwide. The company, which ... to add Target to its list of well-respected retailers. This list includes such ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- Houston Methodist Willowbrook Hospital has signed a ... serve as their official health care provider. As ... provide sponsorship support, athletic training services, and most ... athletes and families. "We are excited ... to bring Houston Methodist quality services and programs ...
Breaking Biology Technology: