Navigation Links
Investment level in HIV prevention programs related to HIV incidence in the United States

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health conducted a historical analysis to examine the relationship between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) HIV prevention budget and HIV incidence in the U.S. from 1978 to 2006. The results are published in the January 2007 edition of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

The researchers found that from the beginning of the epidemic until 1985 (when new infections peaked), incidence of HIV predicted investment levels. During this period, society responded to increasing levels of infection with more investment in prevention programs. Things changed in the mid 1980s when investment levels began to predict incidence. That is, as the nation continued to increase the funding of HIV prevention programs, HIV dropped substantially from 160,000 infections per year to about 40,000 infections per year. In the early 1990s, as the level of investment (adjusted for inflation) flattened out with little annual change, so too did the number of new infections per year. This suggested to the researchers that level investment yields level incidence.

"Our analysis helps explain why the number of new HIV infections has remained at 40,000 per year for over 15 years," said David R. Holtgrave, PhD, chair of the Department of Health Behavior and Society at the Bloomberg School of Public Health and lead author of the study. "Investment levels have predicted HIV incidence since the mid-1980s. If we want to lower infections further in the U.S., these analyses suggest we should consider increasing our national investment. Yes, that may seem expensive, but HIV medical care easily tops $20,000 per patient per year. Therefore, funding of effective, scientifically sound HIV prevention services are likely to have a very favorable return on investment in terms of both lives and dollars saved."

Holtgrave noted that the analysis was based on historical data and is not a prospective trial of p
'"/>

Source:Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Unprecedented water level rise in Somalia
2. Low level of extinction during ice age linked to adaptability
3. New lab technique identifies high levels of pathogens in therapy pool
4. Findings have implications for tracking disease, drugs at the molecular level
5. At the molecular level, the predator is the prey
6. Scientists at Galileo Pharmaceuticals confirm inflammatory response linked to glucose levels
7. MERIS monitoring tracks planetary photosynthesis levels
8. ‘Blue Brain?project explores thought at molecular level
9. Scientists find evidence of catastrophic sand avalanches, sea level changes in Gulf of Mexico
10. High carbon dioxide levels spur Southern pines to grow more needles
11. Enzyme affects hypertension by controlling salt levels in body
Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/27/2014)... want to listen carefully to someone, the first thing ... do is stop moving altogether. This strategy helps us ... own movements. , This interplay between movement and hearing ... indirect evidence has long suggested that the brain,s motor ... which gives rise to our conscious perception of sound. ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... release is available in German . ... is the most common inherited disease affecting the peripheral ... the Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine and University ... Schwann cells is impaired in rats with the disease. ... layer known as myelin, which facilitates the rapid transfer ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... or abandoned each year in U.S. waters and become ... catch fish, crabs, and other species such as turtles. ... the watermen who depend on the resources--losses that are ... , The report, published in the Marine Pollution ... examine the derelict fish trap problem, and so-called "ghost ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Stop and listen: Study shows how movement affects hearing 2Stop and listen: Study shows how movement affects hearing 3Potential therapy for incurable Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 2NOAA's Marine Debris Program reports on the national issue of derelict fishing traps 2
... robust, efficient method of using hydrogen as a fuel source. ... converted to electricity in a fuel cell and because it is ... a gas, it can only be stored in high pressure or ... of hydrogen, "if you got into a wreck, you,d have a ...
... CORVALLIS, Ore. As wolf populations grow in parts of ... value in aiding broader ecosystem recovery but a new ... could play an important role in helping to save other ... Bulletin, scientists suggest that a key factor in the Canada ...
... CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- New research from MIT suggests that ... and only language, a finding that marks a major ... sophisticated mental functions. Functional specificity, as it,s known ... parts of the brain handle distinct tasks. Scientists have ...
Cached Biology News:Wolves may aid recovery of Canada lynx, a threatened species 2Localizing language in the brain 2Localizing language in the brain 3Localizing language in the brain 4
(Date:8/27/2014)... -- ARCH Venture Partners, one of the largest U.S. ... seed and early-stage advanced technology companies, today announced ... than $400 million in subscriptions. ARCH Venture Fund ... more than $150 million. "The enthusiasm ... of our approach to finding and funding new ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... (PRWEB) August 27, 2014 After the ... reason that the next beverage craze is going to ... today that formulators can use Stress Relief energy pattern ... in the making of a beverage, including minerals, herbs ... stress-generated energy, channeling that power into rapid recovery and ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... August 27, 2014 Budding Biomedical ... University School participated in the Scientific ... Reserve University’s School of Medicine . ... an unparalleled professional experience in the sciences and ... Medicine faculty and students for both academic and ...
(Date:8/26/2014)... An analysis by Replikins, Ltd. of Pubmed ... CoV virus strains has revealed extensive conservation and ... conservation and sharing of specific Replikin gene structures has ... as it did for the H5N1 influenza vaccine and ... been found to be effective (1,2). ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Latest ARCH Venture Partners Fund Closes Above $400 Million 2Latest ARCH Venture Partners Fund Closes Above $400 Million 3Stress Relief: 1 Way to De-Stress Your Beverage Formula 2Stress Relief: 1 Way to De-Stress Your Beverage Formula 3Stress Relief: 1 Way to De-Stress Your Beverage Formula 4Students at Cleveland's University School Conduct Biomedical Research at Case Western Reserve University’s School of Medicine 2
... Symbol: MS, EDMONTON, Nov. 6 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - ... the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS), today,announced financial ... 30, 2008. BioMS Medical, in partnership with Eli ... drug for the,treatment of MS undergoing pivotal trials ...
... MEMY ) today announced that Michael Smith, Chief ... company update at,the Rodman & Renshaw Annual Global Investment ... at the New York Palace Hotel, in New,York City., ... the presentation by,visiting the "Investors" section of Memory Pharmaceuticals, ...
... in Albuferon(R) Phase 3 trials; first Phase 3 data in ... December 2008 -, - Enrollment completed in LymphoStat-B(R) Phase 3 trials; first Phase ... data in mid-2009 - ... updates financial guidance -, ROCKVILLE, Md., Nov. 6 Human Genome Sciences,Inc. (Nasdaq: HGSI ) ...
Cached Biology Technology:BioMS Medical Announces Third Quarter 2008 Results 2BioMS Medical Announces Third Quarter 2008 Results 3BioMS Medical Announces Third Quarter 2008 Results 4BioMS Medical Announces Third Quarter 2008 Results 5Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 2Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 3Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 4Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 5Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 6Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 7Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 8Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 9Human Genome Sciences Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results and Key Developments 10
Recognizes rat Taste Receptor 2 (TR2). The immunogen shows no significant sequence homology with TR1, gustducin or other pheromone receptors....
... to Yersinia pestis This antibody ... . Immunogen: Purified ... vaccine strain EV76. ... F1 capsular antigen. There is no ...
Human Ig Lambda-chain, clone ICO-16, Monoclonal Antibody...
Neutrophil cytosol factor 2 (NCF-2) (Neutrophil NADPH oxidase factor 2) (67 kDa neutrophil oxidase factor) (p67-phox) (NOXA2). [Source:Uniprot/SWISSPROT;Acc:P19878] Antigen: Recombinant Protein E...
Biology Products: