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Identified main genetic variants involved in response to HIV

B and HLA-C molecular systems, responsible for the activation of the immune system so that it is able to locate and destroys cells infected by HIV. This study has also identified a third genetic variation involved in immune damage of patients, particularly in a gene encoding a protein which seemingly participates in viral replication, and is also located in chromosome 6.

Genetic variants associated to genes encoding HLA-B and HLA-C molecular systems would explain up to 15% of viral load variation among patients, whereas the third genetic variation would explain 5.8% of these differences. Further study of other genetic regions involved in this process is needed. Nevertheless, HLA-B variation presents the highest correlation with the immune response described until now.

Obtained information will be very useful in the long road to a more rational vaccine development. This and similar studies should push us toward more personalised medicine, where the most suitable drugs for each individual would be determined on the basis of their gene characteristics.


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Source:IDIBAPS - Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer


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