Navigation Links
Identified main genetic variants involved in response to HIV

This international collaboration has been the largest ever to have taken place in a large scale study on genetic differences between patients infected by HIV, and is the first study of this kind in the field of infectious disease. Catalan participants have been coordinated by Javier Martínez-Picado, ICREA research professor in the Foundation irsiCaixa of Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, and Josep M. Miró, consultant of the Unit of Infectious Diseases and AIDS of Hospital Clínic-IDIBAPS of Barcelona, and had the collaboration of Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, and Hospital Mútua de Terrassa.

Research has been conducted with the latest genomics and bioinformatics technologies, analysing 550,000 variations of the complete human genome in 486 patients, mostly European, preselected from 30,000 potential candidates.

These variations, known as simple nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), are single variations affecting only one nucleotide or base of the genomic sequence. Despite humans sharing 99.9% of the genome sequence, there are still 3 million genetic variations –which make us different from one another– 90% of which are due to SNPs. Hence, a good knowledge of these variations is highly valuable for the determination of the progression of AIDS.

During the present study, obtained genetic data was compared to blood virus load in patients during the first two years after the infection, and also to the rhythm of immune degradation as a result of the infection. This type of comparison, known as association study, permitted to deduct main genetic variations playing a central role in the control of viral infection.

Results point to two gene variants related to the immune system. More precisely, these variations are in a genetic region responsible for the determination of immune response capacity against a number of infectious diseases, including AIDS. These variations are located in the short arm of chromosome 6 in genes controlling HLA- B and HLA-C molecular systems, responsible for the activation of the immune system so that it is able to locate and destroys cells infected by HIV. This study has also identified a third genetic variation involved in immune damage of patients, particularly in a gene encoding a protein which seemingly participates in viral replication, and is also located in chromosome 6.

Genetic variants associated to genes encoding HLA-B and HLA-C molecular systems would explain up to 15% of viral load variation among patients, whereas the third genetic variation would explain 5.8% of these differences. Further study of other genetic regions involved in this process is needed. Nevertheless, HLA-B variation presents the highest correlation with the immune response described until now.

Obtained information will be very useful in the long road to a more rational vaccine development. This and similar studies should push us toward more personalised medicine, where the most suitable drugs for each individual would be determined on the basis of their gene characteristics.


'"/>

Source:IDIBAPS - Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer


Related biology news :

1. Source of molecular triggers in cutaneous T cell lymphoma identified
2. Key molecule in plant photo-protection identified
3. Critical role in programmed cell death identified
4. Asthma gene clusters identified
5. Key mechanism in genetic inheritance during cell division identified
6. Two new retroviruses—transmitted from animals—identified
7. Molecular steps involved in the creation of gene-silencing microRNAs identified
8. Novel plague virulence factor identified
9. Anthrax inhibitors identified by Burnham team
10. Novel regulatory mechanism identified for key tumor suppressor p53
11. Most important actors in the growth process of neurons identified
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/21/2016)... 2016   Neurotechnology , a provider of ... announced that the MegaMatcher On Card fingerprint matching ... the NIST Minutiae Interoperability Exchange (MINEX) III ... steps of the evaluation protocol. ... of fingerprint templates used to establish compliance of ...
(Date:11/16/2016)... SANTA CLARA, Calif. , Nov. 16, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... company enhancing user experience and security for consumer ... provider for the financial and retail industry, today ... more secure and convenient way to authenticate users ... now uses Sensory,s TrulySecure™ software which ...
(Date:11/14/2016)... SANTA CLARA, Calif. , Nov. 14, ... of the biometric identification market, Frost & ... Global Frost & Sullivan Award for Visionary ... leading player in the biometric identification market ... a multi-modal verification solution for instant, seamless, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/5/2016)... CALGARY , Dec. 5, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - ... announced  that the independent Data and Safety Monitoring ... trial in high-risk cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients has ... that the study should continue as planned without ... and noted that no safety or efficacy concerns ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... USA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... of innovative U.S.-owned and -operated small businesses in federally funded research and development ... the international society for optics and photonics . , As part of the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. , Dec. 2, 2016 ... Harbor Laboratory,s (CSHL) 11th Double Helix Medals dinner ( DHMD ). The ... (AMNH) in New York City and ... for their contributions, respectively, to health and medicine and ... Muhammad Ali in 2006, the event has raised ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2016 , ... ACEA Biosciences, ... its Phase I/II clinical trials for AC0010 at the World Conference on Lung Cancer ... providing an update on the phase I/II clinical trials for AC0010 in patients with ...
Breaking Biology Technology: