Navigation Links
Human Eggs Can Develop From Ovarian Surface Cells In Vitro

Research has shown for the first time that human eggs may develop directly from cultured ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) cells derived from adult human ovaries. Oocytes derived from the culture of OSE cells developed in vitro into mature eggs suitable for fertilization and development into an embryo. These findings, published today in the Open Access journal Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, offer important new strategies for use in in vitro fertilization and stem cell research, and cast doubt on the established dogma on the fetal origin of eggs in adult human ovaries.

It is now well established that fetal mammalian eggs originate from somatic stem cells. More recent research of adult human ovaries has shown that oocytes and granulosa cells (the layer of small cells that form the wall of the ovarian follicle) may originate from OSE cells and assemble together to form new primary follicles -- the structures that grow and rupture during ovulation to release mature eggs. However, definitive proof that new oocytes may develop in adult human females will be if they can be found to differentiate in vitro from OSE cells derived from adult human ovaries.

For the first time, Antonin Bukovsky and colleagues from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Tennessee, United States, have shown that human eggs and granulosa cells) can develop from cultured OSE cells. By scraping cells from the surface of adult ovaries and growing them for 5 to 6 days in the presence of an estrogen-containing medium (phenol red) to stimulate their growth, the team was able to produce new human oocytes in vitro.

The oocytes cultured in this way are viable and went on to successfully complete the first meiotic division to become mature human eggs -- capable of being fertilized and developing into an embryo. These in vitro findings support earlier in vivo studies by Bukovsky and colleagues that OSE cells are bipotent; capable of differentiating alon g two developmental pathways and becoming either egg or granulosa cells. The authors speculate that this bipotent differentiation may represent a sophisticated mechanism created during the evolution of female reproduction, and not seen in ovaries of female prosimians (ancestral primates) or mice carrying germline stem cells.

The ability to produce mature human eggs from adult ovaries in vitro has several potential applications in human reproduction. The technique of harvesting cells from the ovarian surface is relatively easy, can be accomplished by a laparoscopy technique, and yields more cells for use for in vitro fertilization. The ability to develop human eggs from OSE cells may help women with reduced fertility and premature menopause, who lack follicles in their ovaries, to have a better chance of conceiving through in vitro fertilization. Eventually, frozen OSE cells from younger females may be preserved for later production of fresh eggs. This may prevent the occurrence of fetal genetic alterations, which are often associated with an advanced maternal age. In addition, a colonization of premenopausal ovaries with younger oocyte and granulosa stem cells may establish a new cohort of primary follicles. This may result in a 10- to 12-year delay of the onset of natural menopause. Also, these ovarian stem cells could be used to generate several cell types used in stem cell research, and fertilized eggs produced in this way could produce cells capable of giving rise to embryonic stem cells for use in research and therapeutic applications.

This press release is based on the article: Oogenesis in cultures derived from adult human ovaries
Antonin Bukovsky, Marta Svetlikova and Michael R Caudle
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 2005, 3:17 (5 May 2005)

This article is available free of charge, according to Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology's Open Access policy at: http:/?​www.rbej.com/​content/?/?/?7


'"/>

Source:BioMed Central


Related biology news :

1. FDA Approves Human Hookworm Vaccine for Phase I Safety Trials
2. New Clues Add 40,000 Years to Age of Human Species
3. Human Cells Filmed Instantly Messaging for First Time
4. Govt Creates Gene Database of Normal Human Tissues
5. Analysis Of Human Genome To Predict The Development Of Illnesses
6. Determining The Fate Of Cells In The Human Body
7. Whole genome promoter mapping - Human Genome Project v2.0?
8. Human embryonic stem cells have the potential to develop into eggs and sperm in the laboratory
9. Going To Extremes To Improve Human Health
10. Human brain is still evolving
11. Human cerebellum and cortex age in very different ways
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/7/2017)...   HireVue , the leading provider of video ... best talent, faster, today announced the additions of ... Diana Kucer as Chief Marketing Officer (CMO). ... poised to drive continued growth in the company,s new ... record bookings in 2017. "Companies worldwide turn ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... , March 2, 2017 Summary ... to better understand Merck KGaA and its partnering interests ... https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/3605601/ Description The Partnering Deals and ... the partnering activity of one of the world,s leading ... are prepared upon purchase to ensure inclusion of the ...
(Date:3/1/2017)... 1, 2017  Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE), a leading ... Richard P. Moberg has resigned, effective March 3, ... Financial Officer and Treasurer of Aware citing a desire ... a member of the Board of Directors of Aware. ... Executive Officer and co-President, General Counsel has been named ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... 27, 2017 Infectex Ltd., a Russian portfolio company of Maxwell ... of SQ109 added to the standard drug therapy regimen in patients with multidrug-resistant pulmonary ... Inc. ( USA ) and the US National Institutes of Health. ... ... Venture Fund Logo ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... March 27, 2017 , ... A research ... customizable vascular grafts in JoVE’s Video Journal, the world’s first peer-reviewed scientific video ... ways of treating coronary artery disease (CAD). Lam is an assistant professor at ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 24, 2017  Infectex Ltd., a ... today announced positive results of a Phase 2b-3 clinical ... regimen in patients with multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR-TB). SQ109 ... at Sequella, Inc. ( USA ) and ... A total of 140 patients were enrolled in a ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... LEXINGTON, Mass. , March 24, 2017 ... pipeline of immune checkpoint antibodies and cancer vaccines, today ... The 7 th  Annual William Blair and Maidstone ... Event Space Alexandria Center in New York, ... March 29 at 9:40 am: ...
Breaking Biology Technology: