Navigation Links
How the brain weaves a memory

Memories of events comprise many components--including sights, sounds, smells, and tastes. Somehow the many features of an episodic memory are woven together into a coherent whole, and researchers have had little understanding of how this binding takes place as the memories are processed by the brain's memory center, the hippocampus. A central question has been whether the hippocampus receives an "episodic packet," or a collection of perceptual strands that it must integrate into a memory.

In an article in the November 9, 2006, issue of the journal Neuron, published by Cell Press, Melina Uncapher and colleagues report experiments with human volunteers that shed important light on this process.

In their experiments, the researchers presented the subjects with series of "study" words on a display screen, as their brains were scanned using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). This technique involves using harmless radio waves and magnetic fields to measure blood flow to brain regions, which reflects brain activity. As their brains were scanned, the subjects were shown words of different colors and that were located in different quadrants of the display screen.

Later, the subjects were presented a collection of words including both the study words and new words. They were asked to recall whether the words were old or new, and for the old words, their color and location.

The researchers then correlated fMRI data on the brain regions active during the study phase with the data on the subjects' later retrieval of the features of these study words. They found that, indeed, regions of the brain involved in processing color and location were active during formation of memories for those features.

However, importantly, they found that the subjects' successful retrieval of both features--versus only color or location--was uniquely associated with enhanced activity in yet another brain region called the intraparietal sulcus, wh ich has been strongly implicated in other studies as important in "perceptual binding" of multiple features of stimuli.

Thus, the researchers concluded that "The findings suggest that the encoding of disparate features of an episode into a common memory representation requires that the features be conjoined in a common perceptual representation when the episode is initially experienced."


'"/>

Source:Cell Press


Related biology news :

1. Controversial drug shown to act on brain protein to cut alcohol use
2. Mouse brain cells rapidly recover after Alzheimers plaques are cleared
3. Mouse brain tumors mimic those in human genetic disorder
4. New imaging method gives early indication if brain cancer therapy is effective, U-M study shows
5. First atlas of key brain genes could speed research on cancer, neurological diseases
6. NYU study reveals how brains immune system fights viral encephalitis
7. Stem cells from brain transformed to produce insulin at Stanford
8. Birds brains reveal source of songs
9. Loves all in the brain: fMRI study shows strong, lateralized reward, not sex, drive
10. Revolutionary nanotechnology illuminates brain cells at work
11. A puzzle piece found in unraveling the wiring of the brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/19/2017)... and PUNE, India , January 19, 2017 ... Biometric Sensor Market, Opportunities and Forecast, 2014 - 2022," the global biometric ... CAGR of 9.6% from 2016 to 2022. In 2015, Asia-Pacific ... security for both public and private sectors. Continue ... ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... 13, 2017 Sandata Technologies, LLC, a ... homecare industry, including Electronic Visit Verification™ (EVV™), announced ... Jugs, as Senior Vice President of Product Management. ... of homecare experience to Sandata, where he will ... to align Sandata,s suite of solutions with the ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... 11, 2017 Intoxalock, a leading ignition interlock ... of its patent-pending calibration device. With this new technology, ... securely upload data logs and process repairs at service ... "Fighting drunk driving through the application of cutting-edge ... large, but also for the customer who can get ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... , January 20, 2017 ... cancer is one of leading causes of death worldwide. ... Although the number of cancer related deaths increased gradually ... Rising in incidence rate of various cancers continues to ... a research report by Global Market Insights, Inc. cancer ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Cancer ... Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2014-2022" report to their offering. ... Cancer Biomarkers ... $15,737 million by 2022 from $6,521 in 2015, growing at a ... technologies segment accounted for more than half of the revenue share ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... and HOUSTON , Jan. 19, ... today announced the formation of its Medical/Clinical Advisory ... and industry veterans who enhance the range and ... accelerates development of its novel prenatal diagnostic tests.  ... clinical and strategic guidance for the company,s product ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Research and Markets ... has announced the addition of the "Implantable Biomaterials ... report to their offering. Report Highlights: ... detailed analysis on current and future market trends to identify the investment ... as the base numbers Key market trends across the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: