Navigation Links
Hospitalizations because of chicken pox down dramatically since implementation of vaccine

Since the introduction of the varicella (chicken pox) vaccine in 1995, hospitalizations and doctor visits because of chicken pox have dropped dramatically, according to a study in the August 17 issue of JAMA.

Varicella vaccine is recommended for routine immunization of children aged 12 to 18 months and for older susceptible children and adults in the United States, according to background information in the article. Before its licensure in 1995, almost everyone developed chicken pox; thus, incidence approximated the birth cohort, with about 13,000 hospitalizations and 100 to 150 deaths annually. Varicella vaccine coverage has increased steadily, reaching 81 percent in 2002 among children aged 19 to 35 months nationally, while varicella disease incidence has declined in all age groups. However, data documenting the impact of vaccination on varicella-related health care utilization have previously been limited.

Fangjun Zhou, Ph.D., M.S., of the National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues conducted a study to determine the patterns of hospitalization and ambulatory visits for chicken pox and their associated medical expenditures in the United States, evaluating these factors beginning in 1994 (before availability of varicella vaccine) through 2002 (7 years after vaccine licensure). Data included enrollees (children and adults) of more than 100 health insurance plans of approximately 40 large U.S. employers.

The researchers found that from the prevaccination period to 2002, hospitalizations due to chicken pox declined by 88 percent (from 2.3 to 0.3 per 100,000 population) and ambulatory visits declined by 59 percent (from 215 to 89 per 100,000 population). Hospitalizations and ambulatory visits declined in all age groups, with the greatest declines among infants younger than 1 year. Total estimated direct medical expenditures for chicken pox hospitalizations and ambulatory visits declined by 7
'"/>

Source:JAMA and Archives Journals


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Six million Africans face famine because of locusts, drought
2. More species in the tropics because species have been there longer
3. First production of human monoclonal antibodies in chicken eggs published in Nature Biotechnology
4. What comes first…the chicken, the egg, or the bad attitude?
5. Geoscientists follow arsenic from chicken feed to streambeds
6. UF scientists restore sight to chickens with blinding disease
7. Origen publishes in Nature a robust and versatile method for creating transgenic chickens
8. Arsenic in chicken feed may pose health risks to humans, C&EN reports
9. New miniaturised chip dramatically reduces time taken for DNA analysis
10. Caloric restriction wont dramatically extend life span in humans: UCLA research
11. Simple idea to dramatically improve dengue vaccinations
Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/11/2014)... kidney injury related to the use of hydroxyethyl starch ... molecules, according to a report in Anesthesia & ... Society (IARS). , The "total mass of HES molecules" ... renal proximal tubule cells (PTCs), concludes the laboratory study ... Wrzburg, Austria. Other factorssuch as differences in the ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... exists that cannabinoid receptor type 1 can ... influx, and reduce neurotransmitter release. However, some ... can increase extracellular Ca2+ influx and increase ... team, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical ... China used whole cell voltage-clamp and calcium ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... other major cities in New Mexico, nearly every public ... rather than precious potable water supplies. Across the U.S. ... golf courses receive treated effluent. Reusing the effluent increases ... courses and homeowners alike fertilize their lawns during the ... A New Mexico State University turfgrass expert has a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):In lab studies, hydroxyethyl starch has direct harmful effects on kidney cells 2'Tailored' water -- the latest in lawn care 2
... the familiar semi-aquatic bugs gliding across the lake at the ... walk on water. This was not always the case. ... unique arrangement of the legs, with the mid-legs greatly elongated. ... Evolutionary Biology have discovered the gene behind this evolutionary change. ...
... human brain distinctly separates the handling of images of ... image type in a different area of the brain. ... visual information in this manner to optimize processing the ... people who have been blind since birth the brain ...
... Sandbar, dusky and tiger sharks are among dozens of ... East Coast. Little is known about many of the species, ... scientists and fishery resource managers to monitor shark populations and ... Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC) lab in Narragansett, R.I., recently ...
Cached Biology News:Brain innately separates living and non-living objects for processing 2Scientists conduct shark survey off US East Coast 2Scientists conduct shark survey off US East Coast 3
(Date:7/10/2014)... --  Ceres, Inc . (Nasdaq: CERE ), ... results for the three months ended May 31, 2014 ... Ceres reported that the company and its customers have ... in Brazil, which concluded in June, despite dry and ... for part of the growing season. Yields of several ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... fight against terrorism with the creation of a sensor ... use of light and special glass fibres. , Published ... , the researchers describe a novel optical fibre sensor ... 6.3 ppm (parts per million). It requires an analysis ... detection has involved looking for metals that encase them ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... A new study published today in the journal ... has found that time of day and sleep deprivation ... could be crucial when looking at the best time ... and heart disease, and for administering medicines effectively. , ... of Cancer Research, London, investigated the links between sleep ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Hall effect in bilayer graphene and shown that this ... electric field. , The fractional quantum Hall effect, ... are exposed to large magnetic fields, is a striking ... behave as a single system. However, while the basic ... of this collective behavior remain not well understood, in ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 2Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 3Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 4Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 5Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 6Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 7Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 8Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 9Detecting trace amounts of explosives with light 2Time of day crucial to accurately test for diseases, new research finds 2Columbia researchers observe tunable quantum behavior in bilayer graphene 2Columbia researchers observe tunable quantum behavior in bilayer graphene 3
... at the U.S. Department of Energy,s Savannah River National Laboratory ... nature can increase the usefulness of solar energy as a ... with Peng Jiang of the University of Florida, SRNL,s Dr. ... of this new approach for increasing the productivity of solar ...
... ... India , ... June 25, 2009 -- DuPont today announced it has made two cotton acquisitions ... business Pioneer Hi-Bred has purchased the cotton seed business of Nandi Seeds, based ...
... Resigning as CEO , , Board member Melinda Moree named ... for Global Health (BVGH) today announced that Christopher D. Earl, Ph.D., ... a member of the board since BVGH,s inception, will serve as ... , "I,ve been galvanized by my experience in global health and ...
Cached Biology Technology:SRNL to study applicability of solar cell coatings 2DuPont Adds Cotton to India Seed Product Lineup 2DuPont Adds Cotton to India Seed Product Lineup 3DuPont Adds Cotton to India Seed Product Lineup 4BIO Ventures for Global Health Announces Management Changes 2
... Recognizes VAMP-2 (Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein ... does not share homology with ... It is expected that ... with human, Macaca multata and ...
... Vesicular Monoamine Transporter 2 (VMAT2). An antibody ... a major band at ~55 kDa in ... and not in wild type cells (2). ... molecular weight, were also detected and remain ...
Immunogen for A300-655A was a phosphorylated synthetic peptide, which represented a portion of human RNA Polymerase II (GeneID 5430) around serine 5 of the C-terminal repeat YSPTSPS....
... CLS number is a new ... match Cornings product number. If ... order under the old Sigma-Aldrich ... service for assistance. Mfr ...
Biology Products: