Navigation Links
High-Throughput GoMiner

According to folklore, Polynesians originated from a mythical homeland called Hawaiki. Their origins and the existence of such a place, however, have been the subject of much speculation. In a new study in the premier open access journal PLoS Biology, Jean Trejaut and colleagues now provide the first direct evidence for the common ancestry of Polynesians and indigenous Taiwanese.

Genetic techniques involving mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been used to try and determine whether there is a link between Polynesians and other Southeast Asian populations by estimating how much mtDNA different populations have in common. Early results were conflicting or inconclusive; however, the research by Trejaut et al. has finally nailed this down. Trejaut et al. analyzed mtDNA from people in China, Southeast Asia, Polynesia, and Taiwan. The authors focused specifically on the aboriginal populations of Taiwan, suggested to be ancestors of today's Polynesians, and looked for unique genetic markers that occurred in the aboriginal people. They then compared these markers to those found in mainland Chinese, Taiwanese, and other Southeast Asian peoples.

Trejaut et al. found that the indigenous Taiwanese, Melanesian, and Polynesian populations share three specific mutations in their mtDNA that do not occur in mainland east Asian populations. Furthermore, they showed that there are enough different mtDNA mutations between the mainland Chinese population and the aboriginal Taiwanese to support archeological findings suggesting a long period of habitation. These results indicate that Taiwanese aboriginal populations have been genetically isolated from mainland Chinese for 10,000 to 20,000 years, and that Polynesian migration probably originated from people identical to the aboriginal Taiwanese. Further research will be necessary to precisely determine the origins of the aboriginal Taiwanese; however, these results are a step towards clarifying the origins of Polynesians.

< p>###

Citation: Trejaut JA, Kivisild T, Loo JH, Lee CL, He CL, et al. (2005) Traces of archaic mitochondrial lineages persist in Austronesian-speaking Formosan populations. PLoS Biol 3(8): e247.


'"/>

Source:


Related biology news :

1. NIAID Initiates Trial of Experimental Avian Flu Vaccine
2. Experimental vaccine protects nonhuman primates when given after exposure to Marburg virus
3. Experimental TB drug effective against resistant and latent mycobacterium tuberculosis
4. Experimental drug reverses key cognitive deficits, pathology in Alzheimers
5. Experimental RNA-based drug kills prostate cancer cells effectively and safely
6. Experimental vaccine protects lab animals against several strains of H5N1
7. Experimental vaccine protects mice against deadly 1918 flu virus
8. Experimental cancer drugs counter muscle deterioration seen in muscular dystrophy
9. Experimental vaccine given during pregnancy reduces stillbirths from common virus
10. Research advances quest for HIV-1 vaccine
11. A much-needed shot in the arm for HIV vaccine development
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/26/2016)... -- Research and Markets has announced the ...  report to their offering.  , ,     (Logo: ... forecast the global multimodal biometrics market to grow ... 2016-2020.  Multimodal biometrics is being implemented ... healthcare, BFSI, transportation, automotive, and government for controlling ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has ... Market 2016-2020,"  report to their offering.  , ... ,The global gait biometrics market is expected to ... period 2016-2020. Gait analysis generates multiple ... used to compute factors that are not or ...
(Date:3/31/2016)... 2016   LegacyXChange, ... "Company") LegacyXChange is excited to release its ... to be launched online site for trading 100% guaranteed ... will also provide potential shareholders a sense of the ... an industry that is notorious for fraud. The video ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... The Board of ... appointment of John Tilton as Chief Commercial Officer.  Mr. Tilton joined Biohaven from ... founding commercial leaders responsible for the commercialization of multiple orphan drug indications. ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... ... Global Stem Cells Group CEO Benito Novas announced that Duncan Ross, Ph.D. ... Labs in Miami. , In 2004, Ross received his Ph.D. in Immunology from the ... the suppression of graft vs. host disease (GVHD) under UM Professor Robert Levy Ph.D. ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... Roca Rothgerber Christie LLP as an associate in the firm’s Intellectual Property practice ... electrical, mechanical and electromechanical patent applications. He has an electrical engineering and computer ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 26, 2016 , ... Mr. Palmer created the RPO ... the first multi-million dollar, multi-year managed services contract in the U.S. intelligence community with ... our leadership team,” said John Younger, founder of Accolo. “We are growing and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: