Navigation Links
Gene increases risk of tuberculosis

A study in the December 19 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine identifies a small genetic change that increases the odds of developing active tuberculosis (TB). Pedro Flores-Villanueva and his colleagues at the University of Texas Health Center (Tyler, TX) studied groups of patients in Mexico and Korea and found that individuals who carry this genetic change were more likely to develop disease when infected with TB-causing bacteria.

Infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes TB, are on the rise, with an estimated eight million new infections and two million TB-induced deaths occurring annually. But not all people who are exposed to this bug become ill -- a phenomenon largely explained by genetic differences that make some individuals more prone to developing disease than others. Indeed, a recent scientific study found that a particular region on the human chromosome 17 was associated with increased risk of developing active tuberculosis, but the exact gene(s) responsible for this effect was not identified.

Flores-Villanueva and colleagues show that the culprit behind the increased susceptibility to TB was a small change in the gene that encodes a protein called MCP-1 (the MCP-1 gene resides of chromosome 17). The genetic change was a tiny one, with the DNA sequence differing by only a single nucleotide (the building blocks of DNA). This change, which resulted in increased production of the MCP-1 protein, was five times more prevalent in individuals with active TB than in those who were infected but remained healthy.

MCP-1 is a protein that helps attract immune cells to sites of infection. For this reason, this protein is important during the early immune response to TB-causing bacteria. But extremely high levels of MCP-1 can be dangerous, as they inhibit the production of another immune protein called interleukin-12. Interleukin-12 is required to activate the immune cells that fight off the infectio n once they arrive on the scene. In an accompanying commentary article, geneticists Alexandre Alcais, Jean-Laurent Casanova and their colleagues at the University of Paris note that this is the largest genetic impact on adult TB that has ever been described.


'"/>

Source:Journal of Experimental Medicine


Related biology news :

1. Sexual cooperation: Mating increases longevity in ant queens
2. Global warming increases oyster sensitivity to pollution
3. Prenatal exposure to famine increases risk of schizophrenia
4. Male rivalry increases when females at most fertile, say researchers
5. Lack of a key enzyme dramatically increases resistance to sepsis
6. Variation in bitter-taste receptor gene increases risk for alcoholism
7. Gene variation increases SIDS risk in African Americans
8. Single cell amoeba increases MRSA numbers 1000- fold
9. Mosquito spray increases toxicity of pyrethroids in creek, study finds
10. Tropical forest CO2 emissions tied to nutrient increases
11. Pak1 expression increases tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/22/2016)... 2016 According to the new market research report ... Vein, Signature, Voice), Multi-Factor), Component (Hardware and Software), Function (Contact and Non-contact), ... market is expected to grow from USD 10.74 Billion in 2015 to ... 2016 and 2022. Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:11/17/2016)... LONDON , Nov. 17, 2016 Global Market ... and Public Biobanks (Disease-Based Banks, Population-Based Banks and Academics) market ... Geographical analysis for Private Biobanks shows the highest Compounded Annual ... Asia-Pacific region during the analysis period 2014-2020. ... a CAGR of 9.95% followed by Europe ...
(Date:11/15/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Bioinformatics ... ... The global bioinformatics market is projected ... in 2016, growing at a CAGR of 21.1% during the forecast ... by the growing demand for nucleic acid and protein sequencing, increasing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... 06, 2016 , ... Clinical Supplies Management ... acquired the assets of Theorem Clinical Research - Clinical Supplies ("TCS"). TCS ... drug packaging, labeling, storage, reconciliation, and distribution for pharmaceutical trials across Europe. ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... 2016  SRI International has been awarded a ... National Institutes of Health,s National Institute of Allergy ... (NIAID-DAIDS) to support the manufacturing and characterization of ... Under the seven-year contract, SRI will provide a ... candidate HIV-prevention products that emerge from investigator-initiated studies ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... Bermuda , Dec. 5, 2016 Axovant ... clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the treatment of dementia, ... intepirdine for the treatment of Alzheimer,s disease will be ... (CTAD) Meeting on Friday, December 9, 2016 in ... will show results of both simple and complex measures ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... ... December 05, 2016 , ... In anticipation of AxioMed’s ... disc production, company President, Jake Lubinski will be traveling to Germany on December ... in Cologne and Karlsruhe to discuss the benefits of a viscoelastic total disc ...
Breaking Biology Technology: