Navigation Links
Fitness has fallen since the days of Ancient Greece

a trireme to carry out this command. The next day, the assembly relented and sent a second trireme to halt the massacre. According to the records of Thucydides, this second trireme would have made the journey in about 24 hours, rowing in shifts and eating while they rowed, so the ship could travel non-stop.

Says Dr Rossiter: "From these details we can estimate the average sustainable ship speeds. Then, using the reconstruction we measured the metabolic demands of the human engine required to sustain these speeds. If the historians are correct, we would struggle to find enough people at that level of fitness today to power the ships at those speeds."

Triremes were a huge technological advance, allowing Athens to dominate the seas. They had a strong keel, taken forward into a huge spike covered in bronze plates, which meant they could ram and hole enemy ships -- a new technique in naval warfare. To ensure sufficient impact to cause damage, the triremes had to reach great speeds -- so were designed with more than three times more rowers than earlier warships. By placing the rowers on three tiers, the ship could remain a manoeuvrable length and weight.

The trireme used in Dr Rossiter's research, Olympias, was built in the 1980s and was used to carry the Olympic flame to Piraeus, the port near Athens, at the start of the last Olympic Games. It is now housed in a museum in Piraeus.
'"/>

Source:University of Leeds


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Hospitalizations because of chicken pox down dramatically since implementation of vaccine
2. Restaurant seafood prices since 1850s help plot marine harvests through history
3. Ancient olfaction protein is shared by many bugs, offering new pest control target
4. Ancient immune defense mechanism is no match for HIV-1
5. Ancient DNA helps clarify the origins of two extinct New World horse species
6. Researchers Discover Ancient Origins Of Tuberculosis-causing Bacteria
7. Ancient DNA confirms single origin of Malagasy primates
8. Ancient anthropoid origins discovered in Africa
9. Ancient trans-Atlantic swarm brought locusts to the New World
10. Ancient humans brought bottle gourds to the Americas from Asia
11. Ancient DNA helps UF researchers unearth potential hemophilia therapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Fitness has fallen since the days Ancient Greece

(Date:7/30/2014)... online today in the journal Scientific Reports , ... and Auroop Ganguly found that while global temperature is ... extremes. For instance, while each year,s average hottest and ... tend to fall within a wider range of potential ... observed. This means that even as overall temperatures rise, ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... methods and applications for imaging and manipulation of the ... were the inspiration behind Neurophotonics , a new ... optics and photonics. , The first issue coincides with ... States, and a special section features articles that lay ... impact that optics and photonics will have on advancing ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... sometimes need to get back to basics. UC ... study the impacts of the bumphead parrotfish ( ... two remote locations in the central Pacific Ocean. ... simulation, McCauley, an assistant professor in the Department ... colleagues sought to understand whether the world,s largest ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Big data confirms climate extremes are here to stay 2SPIE launches Neurophotonics journal with special section on BRAIN Initiative 2SPIE launches Neurophotonics journal with special section on BRAIN Initiative 3Underwater elephants 2Underwater elephants 3
... N.Y. To make paper, manufacturers must break down ... requires large amounts of energy and toxic chemicals like ... biodegradable proteins that accelerate chemical reactions using far less ... the job, in this case xylanases, don,t hold up ...
... the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and ... a simplified cell membrane to accurately detect and measure ... vaginosis (BV), at extraordinarily low concentrations. The work illustrates ... disease diagnosis. Caused by the bacteria Gardnerella ...
... release is available in German . ... of thousands of neurons in the brain. Nerve growth factors produced ... neurons; however, clinical tests with GDNF have not yielded in any ... Martinsried and their colleagues have now succeeded in demonstrating that GDNF ...
Cached Biology News:Expanding the range of nature's catalysts for industrial applications 2Expanding the range of nature's catalysts for industrial applications 3NIST cell membrane model studied as future diagnostic tool 2Parkinson gene: Nerve growth factor halts mitochondrial degeneration 2Parkinson gene: Nerve growth factor halts mitochondrial degeneration 3
(Date:7/31/2014)... 2014 The Kidney Cancer Association (KCA) has ... news magazine, Kidney Cancer News. , Bill Bro, KCA ... website maintained by an international news organization. When we began ... viewers.” , This month’s program highlights news of an enzyme ... in a recent study. Kidney Cancer News also presents a ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... W. R. Grace & Co. (NYSE: ... REVELERIS® Prep purification system , a dual-mode instrument ... researchers to perform both flash and preparative liquid ... the REVELERIS® Prep purification system, researchers can easily ... a simple touch of the screen, giving them ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014 While administrative claims and ... research for a relatively long period of time, ... the use of these ‘big data’ for comparisons ... combining today’s powerful computer technology with the plethora ... data’ holds significant promise for identifying optimal interventions ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... NY (PRWEB) July 30, 2014 July ... (Twitter: @APDN), a biotechnology firm that provides DNA-based authentication ... E. Hogan, Ph.D. Vice President of Life Sciences, a ... , Dr. Hogan will lead APDN’s drive ... business relationships with biotech and healthcare customers, provide guidance ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Grace Launches New REVELERIS® Prep Purification System 2Leveraging ‘Big Data’ - Methodological Considerations in Health Services Research, New Webinar Hosted by Xtalks 2Dr. Michael E. Hogan, Ph.D., Joins Applied DNA Sciences as Vice President, Life Sciences 2Dr. Michael E. Hogan, Ph.D., Joins Applied DNA Sciences as Vice President, Life Sciences 3
... , , SAN MARINO, ... VRAL) has formed a wholly owned subsidiary called MetaCytoLytics, Inc. ... University of Colorado Professor M. Karen Newell called "metabolic disruption ... to generate energy from glucose or from fatty acids. ...
... , , EMERYVILLE, Calif., ... announced that it has agreed to sell an aggregate of four million ... $30.50 per share and $200 million aggregate principal amount of its 4.00% ... has granted the underwriters 30-day options to purchase up to an additional ...
... rate significantly reduced and Semen Sexing Technology achieves, ... For nine months ended June 30, 2009, Microbix Biosystems Inc. ... The third quarter had a small sales retraction that was ... forecast is for continued growth in sales. , "The 22% ...
Cached Biology Technology:Viral Genetics Creates Subsidiary to Develop Cancer Therapy 2Viral Genetics Creates Subsidiary to Develop Cancer Therapy 3Viral Genetics Creates Subsidiary to Develop Cancer Therapy 4Onyx Pharmaceuticals Announces Pricing of Concurrent Offerings of Four Million Shares of Common Stock and $200 Million Principal Amount of Convertible Senior Notes 2Onyx Pharmaceuticals Announces Pricing of Concurrent Offerings of Four Million Shares of Common Stock and $200 Million Principal Amount of Convertible Senior Notes 3Microbix Sales Grow 22% For Nine Months 2Microbix Sales Grow 22% For Nine Months 3Microbix Sales Grow 22% For Nine Months 4Microbix Sales Grow 22% For Nine Months 5
Functionally tested for consistent G-banding of chromosomes....
... BacVector Insect Cell Medium is optimized ... Ea4 Insect Cells. In this protein-free medium, ... 1 * 107 cells/ml with viabilities above ... plaque assays, where color from X-gluc staining ...
... Grace's Insect Medium is formuatled for ... including Sf9 and Sf21 cells. Grace's ... transfectioin because it does not contain ... interfere with transfection. Grace's Insect Medium, ...
TNM-FH Insect Medium 1 liter...
Biology Products: