Navigation Links
Finding the mind's eye

Dartmouth professor of psychological and brain sciences Peter Tse has published new results in his on-going investigation of the brain and how it transforms visual stimuli into conscious experience.

His paper, "Visibility, visual awareness, and visual masking of simple unattended targets are confined to areas in the occipital cortex beyond human V1/V2," is available in the Nov. 8 issue of the weekly journal, The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Tse's findings help to explain what part of the brain is at work in turning sight into understanding.

Tse, who is currently on sabbatical in Regensburg, Germany as the recipient of the prestigious Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Award, conducted experiments using the phenomenon of "masking." Masking occurs when "a quickly flashed object seems to vanish because it is flanked by subsequently presented objects," said Tse. Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), Tse said he and his team, "looked for areas of the brain where neuronal activity decreased when the object was made invisible. These areas are arguably the areas of the brain where the correlates of visual consciousness lie."

Tse's findings may advance the understanding of the brain's interaction with the eye by identifying the neural basis of conscious experience, a relationship important to the fields of medicine, neurology and psychology.

Tse and his co-authors, Susana Martinez-Conde, Alexander A. Schlegel and Stephen L. Macknik of the Barrow Neurological Institute, found that, "early areas in the visual processing hierarchy respond the same whether or not objects are visible to us or invisible in the context of visual masking." That is, some parts of the brain respond to visual stimuli regardless of whether the conscious mind "sees" them or not. However, Tse and his team found that, "neural activity in areas beyond visual area 2 appear to correlate with perception." They also found that the areas of the br ain related to visual perception appear to reside exclusively in the occipital lobe (at the back of the head.) Tse's team concluded that, "the neural correlates of conscious visual visibility for masking stimuli lie in the occipital lobe, but after visual area 2."


'"/>

Source:Dartmouth College


Related biology news :

1. Finding Cures For Tropical Diseases: Is Open Source An Answer?
2. Fundamental Finding Yields Insight into Stem Cells, Cancer; Opens Door to Drug Discovery
3. Findings have implications for tracking disease, drugs at the molecular level
4. Finding hidden invaders in a Hawaiian rain forest
5. New Finding May Aid Adult Stem Cell Collection
6. Finding rewrites the evolutionary history of the origin of potatoes
7. Findings advance use of adult stem cells for replacement bone
8. Finding a virus is not all bad news
9. Finding a better way to make biodiesel
10. Finding paves way for better treatment of autoimmune disease
11. Finding the right mix: A biomaterial blend library
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/23/2017)... , May 23, 2017  Hunova, the first robotic gym for the ... been officially launched in Genoa, Italy . The first ... and the USA . The technology was developed ... market by the IIT spin-off Movendo Technology thanks to a 10 million ... News Release, please click: ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... 2017 RAM Group , Singaporean ... breakthrough in biometric authentication based on a ... to perform biometric authentication. These new sensors are based ... by Ram Group and its partners. This sensor will ... chains and security. Ram Group is a next ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... Calif. , April 18, 2017  Socionext Inc., a global ... of a media edge server, the M820, which features the company,s ... recognition software provided by Tera Probe, Inc., will be showcased during ... at the NAB show at the Las Vegas ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... 15, 2017 After spending the past two years building ... data collection, GeneFo now offers this platform to healthcare stakeholders (hospitals, ... support, adherence, and data collection vis a vis their members, under ... successful launch of this offer. ... GeneFo ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Kenall, a ... downlights designed to stay tightly sealed and perform efficiently for years. The downlights ... location listings just aren't enough, such as: hospitals; behavioral health facilities; cleanrooms; containment ...
(Date:8/14/2017)... Oregon (PRWEB) , ... August 14, 2017 , ... ... that provide essential device-to-computer interconnect using USB or PCI Express, announced the release ... , SYZYGY is intended to satisfy the need for a compact, low cost, ...
(Date:8/11/2017)... WI (PRWEB) , ... August 11, 2017 , ... ... in food production, and, in particular, more natural alternatives to synthetic ingredients,” said ... innovation of Third Wave, with the established manufacturing presence and know-how of Biorigin ...
Breaking Biology Technology: