Navigation Links
Finding the mind's eye

Dartmouth professor of psychological and brain sciences Peter Tse has published new results in his on-going investigation of the brain and how it transforms visual stimuli into conscious experience.

His paper, "Visibility, visual awareness, and visual masking of simple unattended targets are confined to areas in the occipital cortex beyond human V1/V2," is available in the Nov. 8 issue of the weekly journal, The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Tse's findings help to explain what part of the brain is at work in turning sight into understanding.

Tse, who is currently on sabbatical in Regensburg, Germany as the recipient of the prestigious Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Award, conducted experiments using the phenomenon of "masking." Masking occurs when "a quickly flashed object seems to vanish because it is flanked by subsequently presented objects," said Tse. Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), Tse said he and his team, "looked for areas of the brain where neuronal activity decreased when the object was made invisible. These areas are arguably the areas of the brain where the correlates of visual consciousness lie."

Tse's findings may advance the understanding of the brain's interaction with the eye by identifying the neural basis of conscious experience, a relationship important to the fields of medicine, neurology and psychology.

Tse and his co-authors, Susana Martinez-Conde, Alexander A. Schlegel and Stephen L. Macknik of the Barrow Neurological Institute, found that, "early areas in the visual processing hierarchy respond the same whether or not objects are visible to us or invisible in the context of visual masking." That is, some parts of the brain respond to visual stimuli regardless of whether the conscious mind "sees" them or not. However, Tse and his team found that, "neural activity in areas beyond visual area 2 appear to correlate with perception." They also found that the areas of the br ain related to visual perception appear to reside exclusively in the occipital lobe (at the back of the head.) Tse's team concluded that, "the neural correlates of conscious visual visibility for masking stimuli lie in the occipital lobe, but after visual area 2."


'"/>

Source:Dartmouth College


Related biology news :

1. Finding Cures For Tropical Diseases: Is Open Source An Answer?
2. Fundamental Finding Yields Insight into Stem Cells, Cancer; Opens Door to Drug Discovery
3. Findings have implications for tracking disease, drugs at the molecular level
4. Finding hidden invaders in a Hawaiian rain forest
5. New Finding May Aid Adult Stem Cell Collection
6. Finding rewrites the evolutionary history of the origin of potatoes
7. Findings advance use of adult stem cells for replacement bone
8. Finding a virus is not all bad news
9. Finding a better way to make biodiesel
10. Finding paves way for better treatment of autoimmune disease
11. Finding the right mix: A biomaterial blend library
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/24/2016)... , Nov. 23, 2016 Cercacor today ... athletes and their trainers non-invasively measure hemoglobin, ... Pulse Rate, and Respiration Rate in approximately 30 seconds. ... users easy and immediate access to key data about ... of a training regimen. Hemoglobin carries ...
(Date:11/19/2016)... 2016 Securus Technologies, a leading provider of ... investigation, corrections and monitoring, announced today that it has ... have an independent technology judge determine who has the ... tech/sophisticated telephone calling platform, and the best customer service. ... most of what we do – which clearly is ...
(Date:11/15/2016)... 15, 2016  Synthetic Biologics, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... on the gut microbiome, today announced the pricing ... of its common stock and warrants to purchase ... price to the public of $1.00 per share ... from the offering, excluding the proceeds, if any ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... From wearable ... is taking over sports. On Thursday, December 15th a panel of entrepreneurs, innovators ... the playing field at a Smart Talk session. Smart Talk will run from ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Eurofins announces the appointment of Sean ... Eurofins Scientific Inc. (ESI). Mr. Murray will bring ... and entrepreneurial experience in leading international business teams. As the National ... market to uphold Eurofins, status as the global leader in bio-analytical ... , , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Oxford Gene Technology ... SureSeq™ NGS panel range with the launch of the SureSeq ... study of variants in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). The panel delivers ... on a single small panel and allows customisation by ,mix ... all exons for LDLR , P C ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... Microbial genomics leader, uBiome, joins Google, ... of just six company finalists in the Health & Medicine category. Over 1,000 ... as finalists in this year’s awards include Google, SpaceX, Oculus, and SolarCity. Individuals ...
Breaking Biology Technology: