Navigation Links
Fight weeds with plant pathogens

Although plant pathogens are typically viewed as detrimental, plant pathologists with the American Phytopathological Society (APS) say plant pathogens may be a successful, eco-friendly tool for managing weeds.

"The use of plant pathogens to suppress weeds is considered as one of the alternative weed control options for areas or production systems where the use of chemical herbicides is not permitted or feasible," said Erin Rosskopf, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Fort Pierce, FL. "Plant pathogens may also be used when the herbicide selection or usage must be rotated with other control methods in order to prevent the development of resistant weeds or lessen the impact of herbicides on the environment," she said.

Weed management is important due to the amount of damage weeds can cause to agricultural productivity. Weeds can reduce crop yields by as much as 12 percent (causing up to $32 billion in losses), based on the potential value of all U.S. crops of approximately $267 billion/year. Weeds also pose serious ecological problems. Invasive weeds are capable of altering ecosystem processes and displacing native plant and animal species. In addition, weeds serve as reservoirs for plant pathogens that impact crops.

According to Rosskopf, there are two approaches used for managing weeds with plant pathogens-the classical biological control approach and the bioherbicides approach. The classical biocontrol approach uses a pathogen imported from a foreign location to control a native or naturalized weed with minimal technological manipulations.

"Classical biological control using imported pathogens has an overall success rate of 57 percent and has been just as successful as the use of imported insects, with no instances of unexpected or undesirable effects," says Raghavan Charudattan, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

The bioherbicide approach utilizes native plant pathogens that are isolated from weeds and are gro wn to produce large numbers of infective propagules (such as spores). Infective propagules are applied at rates that will cause high levels of infection, which will greatly reduce the growth of, or kill the target weed before economic losses are incurred. Annual applications are required since the pathogen does not generally survive between growing seasons. It is estimated that there are more than 200 plant pathogens that have been or are under evaluation for their potential as bioherbicides.
'"/>

Source:American Phytopathological Society


Related biology news :

1. NYU Study Reveals How Brains Immune System Fights Viral Encephalitis
2. Plant Sacrifices Cells to Fight Invaders
3. To Stop Evolution: New Way Of Fighting Antibiotic Resistance Demonstrated By Scripps Scientists
4. Newly Discovered Branding Process Helps Immune System Cells Pick Their Fights
5. Fighting malaria by manipulating mosquitoes sense of smell
6. Study Holds Promise For New Way To Fight HIV
7. Fighting like a girl or boy determined by gene in fruit flies
8. Fighting to keep Darwin in the classroom
9. Fighting influenza & co. with 40,000 blood samples
10. Vineyard weeds found to host Pierces disease of grapes
11. Key molecule in plant photo-protection identified

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/22/2017)... 2017   Neurotechnology , a provider of ... announced the release of the SentiVeillance 6.0 ... facial recognition using up to 10 surveillance, security ... The new version uses deep neural-network-based facial detection ... utilizes a Graphing Processing Unit (GPU) for enhanced ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... At this year,s CeBIT Chancellor Dr. Angela Merkel visited ... to the DERMALOG stand together with the Japanese Prime Minster Shinzo Abe. ... the largest German biometrics company the two government leaders could see the ... well as DERMALOG´s multi-biometrics system.   Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:3/13/2017)... , March 13, 2017 Future of security: Biometric Face ... ... DERMALOGs Face Matching enables to match face pictures against ... basis to identify individuals. (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... DERMALOG,s "Face Matching" is the fastest software for biometric Face Matching ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... ... to announce it has become the premiere team-building cooking event company in San Diego. ... as Illumina, HP and Qualcomm, and is ranked #1 in its category on Trip Advisor. ... new team building format, a way for teams to not only interact with one another ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... MILFORD, Mass. , March 23, 2017 ... leading partner to global in vitro diagnostics ... launch of the industry,s first multiplexed ... inherited disease testing by next-generation sequencing ... materials were developed with input from industry ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Ellen Matloff, president and ... Council (CTC) as a 2017 Women of Innovation® finalist. Matloff will be among ... Dinner. , The dinner recognizes women accomplished in science, technology, engineering and math ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... York , March 23, 2017 According ... plasma products and derivatives market is fragmented due to the presence of ... such as Proliant, Thermo Fisher , and Sigma-Aldrich, compete with ... these three companies, collectively, held more than 76% of this market ... As ...
Breaking Biology Technology: