Navigation Links
Ethiopian development raises birth rate

Development projects designed to improve maternal and child welfare in Africa may incur unexpected costs associated with increases in family size if they do not include a component of family planning, according to new research from the University of Bristol into rural communities in Ethiopia.

The research, published today in Public Library of Science: Medicine, is the first study to demonstrate a link between a single technological development intervention (in this case, a tapped water supply) and an increase in both birth rate and childhood malnutrition.

Dr Mhairi Gibson of Bristol University's Department of Archaeology and Anthropology and Dr Ruth Mace of University College, London examined nearly 2,000 households in rural Ethiopia over a four year period during which a tapped water supply was introduced but family planning provisions were absent. They looked at the nutritional status of women and children (in terms of weight and height) and birth rates in villages where tapped water had been introduced and others where it had not.

While previously, women had to walk up to 30 km to fetch their families' water, the new water supply reduced the time spent carrying water each day from around three hours to about 15 minutes. The availability of tapped water improved the survival of young children and the birth rate increased. However, the nutritional status of young children declined.

Overall, neither women's health nor nutritional status appeared to be improved by the reduced workload, lending support to the idea that the energy women save due to new development technology is being diverted towards reproduction, resulting in greater fertility and reduced mortality. However, since food and other resources are already scarce, this comes at the cost of an increase in childhood malnutrition.

Dr Gibson said: "This study is, to our knowledge, the first to demonstrate a link between a technological development intervention and an increase in both birth rate and childhood malnutrition. Women's nutritional status was not improved by the energy-saving technology, because energy was diverted into higher birth rates.

"This research shows that development projects that focus on just one issue can cause long-term problems and that it is preferable for development to be 'multisectoral'. Improving access to contraception, which was poor in the area where this study was done, should be a key part of development programmes."


'"/>

Source:University of Bristol


Related biology news :

1. A much-needed shot in the arm for HIV vaccine development
2. Clam embryo study shows pollutant mixture adversely affects nerve cell development
3. Zebrafish may hold key to understanding human nerve cell development
4. Scientists identify new model Of NK cell development
5. Influenza vaccine uses insect cells to speed development
6. Chemists identify key gene in development of type 1 diabetes
7. Use of PET can reduce, may eliminate more strenuous drug development trials with animals
8. Liposome finding implies electrical effect on cell development
9. Multi-purpose protein regulates new protein synthesis and immune cell development
10. Gene keeps neural cells on correct developmental path
11. B cells are required for development of epithelial cancer associated with chronic inflammation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016 Securus ... justice technology solutions for public safety, investigation, corrections ... jointly announced today a five (5) year funding ... agreement to expand the rehabilitation and reentry support ... PEP History Established in 2004, the Prison Entrepreneurship ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... CHICAGO , Nov. 30, 2016  higi ... a new partnership initiative targeting national brands, industry ... and reward their respective audiences for taking steps ... Since its inception in 2012, higi has built ... US, impacting over 38 million people who have ...
(Date:11/24/2016)... 23, 2016 Cercacor today introduced Ember TM ... trainers non-invasively measure hemoglobin, Oxygen Content, Oxygen ... Respiration Rate in approximately 30 seconds. Smaller than a ... immediate access to key data about their bodies to ... regimen. Hemoglobin carries oxygen to muscles. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... Dec. 8, 2016 Savannah River Remediation ... and selected NewTechBio,s NT-MAX Lake & Pond ... beneficial bacteria, in conjunction with Hexa Armor/ Rhombo ... with National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System requirements. ... a steady history of elevated pH levels, above ...
(Date:12/8/2016)...  Partnering to fuel Philadelphia,s ... Southeastern Pennsylvania (" Ben Franklin ... Independence Blue Cross; and Safeguard Scientifics ("Safeguard") (NYSE: ... $6 million funding initiative over a four year period ... to a burgeoning economic vitality in digital health, ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... San Diego (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 ... ... safety data from its phase I/II dose escalation and expansion clinical trial for ... 2016 in Vienna, Austria. The purpose of the trial was to determine the ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Huffman ... has become a Wonderware Certified System Integrator Partner. Huffman Engineering is the ... Software. , “The System Integrator Partner certification gives customers confidence that our engineers ...
Breaking Biology Technology: