Navigation Links
Eating, body weight regulated by specific neurons

In findings with implications for pandemic influenza, a new study reports for the first time that a less-virulent strain of avian influenza virus can spread from poultry to humans. The research appears in the October 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Crossing the species barrier is an important step in the development of a flu virus with pandemic potential. Previous studies have focused on the ability of highly pathogenic strains, such as H5N1 "bird flu" circulating in Asia, to spread from poultry to humans. The new study shows less pathogenic strains are also capable of jumping to humans, giving them the opportunity to swap genetic material with human strains, which could result in a more virulent virus.

Researchers in Italy studied outbreaks that occurred among poultry between 1999 and 2003, to determine the risk of avian influenza virus transmission to persons in contact with the animals. The outbreaks occurred in northern Italy in regions where the majority of the country's commercial poultry are raised on farms. Most previous cases of human infection with avian influenza viruses have involved close contact with infected poultry, particularly ill or dying chickens.

The investigators performed a serologic analysis of individuals exposed to infection during the outbreaks, collecting 983 blood samples from poultry farm workers in the outbreak regions. Blood was tested using three different techniques to ensure the validity of results.

The outbreaks involved two serotypes of avian influenza: one low and one highly pathogenic H7N1 and a low pathogenic H7N3 virus. Seven individuals exposed to the more recent outbreak of low pathogenic H7N3 tested seropositive for H7N3. The infected persons came from different farms in two locations and had close contact with turkeys or chickens. No serious symptoms were reported in connection with the infections.

The authors of the study, Dr. Isabella Donate lli of Istituto Superiore di Sanit?in Rome and colleagues, noted that their work provides the first serologic evidence of transmission of low pathogenic strains of avian influenza virus to humans during an outbreak in domestic poultry. Previous reports of human infection in Asia, Canada, and the Netherlands have been associated, in contrast, with highly pathogenic strains. The investigators emphasized that their study probably underestimates the real infection rate of the two strains among exposed individuals, since blood samples were considered positive only if they repeatedly produced unequivocal positive results using several different serologic techniques. They commented, however, that very sensitive serologic techniques such as those developed in the study provide an efficient tool for preventing or controlling the spread of avian flu to humans.

The authors say their findings highlight the importance of improving disease surveillance not only during outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian flu, but also when less pathogenic strains are circulating. To forestall genetic exchange between human and avian strains, as in mixed infections, they emphasized that poultry workers should be systematically vaccinated, pointing out that such workers are identified as high-risk and included in the annual Italian vaccination campaign.

In an accompanying editorial, Frederick Hayden, MD, of the University of Virginia and Alice Croisier, MD, of the World Health Organization concluded, "The transmissibility of avian viruses may increase as the viruses adapt to humans. In affected countries, public education about simple precautionary measures for food preparation, poultry handling, and avoidance of contaminated water are essential until specific prevention measures such as vaccines become available."


'"/>

Source:


Related biology news :

1. Research may provide new link between soft drinks and weight gain
2. An essential regulator of body weight revealed
3. Engineers discover why toucan beaks are models of lightweight strength
4. Its not fair! We are programmed to resist weight loss
5. Just like us, social stress prompts hamsters to overeat, gain weight
6. Very low birth weight linked to reduced quality of life in pre-school children
7. 76 percent of workers older than 60 years of age are overweight or obese
8. Brown seaweed contains promising fat fighter, weight reducer
9. Underweight women at greater risk of miscarriage
10. Scripps research team discovers a chemical pathway that causes mice to overeat and gain weight
11. Male owls pitch their hoots to advertise body weight to competitors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 Crossmatch®, ... secure authentication solutions, today announced that it has ... Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) to develop next-generation ... program. "Innovation has been a driving ... Thor program will allow us to innovate and ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... -- Forecasts by Product Type (EAC), Biometrics, ... (Transportation & Logistics, Government & Public Sector, Utilities / ... Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, Business Organisation (BFSI), Hospitality ... looking for a definitive report on the $27.9bn Access ... ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... April 4, 2017   EyeLock LLC , a ... the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has ... the linking of an iris image with a face ... represents the company,s 45 th issued patent. ... very timely given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that have ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Customers often prefer PLC and network ... METTLER TOLEDO has released two new videos that show how they have solved ... ACT350 into Siemens and Allen Bradley PLCs is easy and fast. ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... 22, 2017 , ... Cancer diagnostics and pathology workflow solution ... the Association for Pathology Informatics Annual Summit at the Wyndham Grand ... Cancer Diagnostic Cockpit and Consultation Portal, Inspirata will present research it led to ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... ... 19, 2017 , ... In response to the strong base of evidence supporting ... announces the release of their Gait Trainer 3 with an Integrated Music Therapy option. ... to aid in rehabilitating individuals with cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, stroke and Parkinson’s ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... Diego, California (PRWEB) , ... May 18, 2017 ... ... for team-building activities. The Tapas Cooking Challenge is a two-hour team-building package ... a delicious menu created by Chef Jodi Abel, which include items, such as ...
Breaking Biology Technology: