Navigation Links
Duke to test bird flu vaccine dosing

A clinical trial to test different strengths of a vaccine designed to fight avian influenza will begin this month at Duke University Medical Center.

The Duke study is part of a multicenter trial that will test a modified form of an investigational bird flu vaccine to determine whether the vaccine still triggers a strong immune response at lower doses.

The seven-month trial is sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health. Also participating in the study are the University of Maryland, the University of Rochester and Baylor College of Medicine.

"We hope that by adding a compound called an adjuvant to the vaccine, we can create a stronger immune response to smaller doses of the vaccine," said Emmanuel Walter, M.D., associate director of the Duke Clinical Research Institute's Primary Care Research Consortium and leader of the Duke study. "If the smaller dose stimulates immunity against the virus, then more people could be immunized with existing supplies if a pandemic occurs," he said.

The study will use an inactivated flu virus vaccine based on a strain taken from a Vietnamese patient in 2004. "There is no live flu virus in the vaccine, and there is no risk of volunteers contracting bird flu or spreading it to others," Walter said.

The vaccine is designed to protect against the H5N1 strain of bird flu that has infected poultry in Asia, Europe and Africa and killed 101 humans. Initial trials in healthy adults showed the vaccine was safe and produced an immune response but required high doses and at least two injections to initiate a strong response, Walter said.

Trial participants will receive varying strengths of the H5N1 vaccine, either with or without an aluminum hydroxide adjuvant. An adjuvant works by increasing the body's immune response to a vaccine, Walter said. Aluminum hydroxide is commonly used in pediatric and adult vaccines, including those for wh ooping cough, hepatitis A and hepatitis B.

As with current flu vaccines given yearly in the U.S., the H5N1 vaccine causes the body's immune system to make antibodies to fight infection. In previous studies with this vaccine, two doses were necessary to stimulate antibodies. The doses needed to trigger antibodies were also much higher than necessary for other types of flu, Walter said.


Source:Duke University Medical Center

Related biology news :

1. Research advances quest for HIV-1 vaccine
2. A much-needed shot in the arm for HIV vaccine development
3. Discovery of key proteins shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine
4. Gene vaccine for Alzheimers disease shows promising results
5. Influenza vaccine uses insect cells to speed development
6. Norovirus, AIDS vaccine and Hepatitis Virus
7. HIV vaccine trial breaks ground for future research
8. Live vaccines more effective against horse herpes virus
9. NIAID begins clinical trial of West Nile virus vaccine
10. Designing vaccines by computer
11. Wake Forest scientists find new combination vaccine effective against plague
Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/8/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Oct. 8, 2015 ... leading developer of human interface solutions, announced today ... first quarter of fiscal 2016 on Thursday, October ... company will host a corresponding conference call for ... p.m. ET), during which management may discuss forward-looking ...
(Date:10/8/2015)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce ... announces that revenues for the three months ended ... $113,00 for the three months ended June 30, ... 30, 2015 were approximately $520,000.      ...
(Date:10/7/2015)... Connecticut , October 7, 2015 ... authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce market ... Stanley E. Washington , former long- term executive ... of Directors. --> NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or ... growing mobile commerce market and creator of the Wocket® ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... cell surface marker detection market ... to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. This ... of oncology diseases and other cell-associated disorders. --> ... USD 6.49 billion by 2022, according to a new report ... be attributed to rise in incidence of oncology diseases and ...
(Date:10/12/2015)...  Patara Pharma, a clinical-stage biotechnology company developing ... conditions, today announced the closing of a $26 ... the close of its sale of preferred stock, ... Agreement with Silicon Valley Bank whereby the Company ... use the funds from the financing to evaluate ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... , Belgium , Oct. 12, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... that full results from a completed clinical study of its ... have been published in the online issue of Clinical ... The peer-reviewed study was conducted in collaboration with ... led by Roland Andersson , MD, PhD, Professor of ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... ... LifeTrak , a leader in consumer fitness, heart rate and activity ... tracker that seeks to meet the needs of multi-sport athletes. Zoom is the first ... both in water and on land, making it the only fitness tracker an athlete ...
Breaking Biology Technology: