Navigation Links
Drug-resistant bacteria patterns in intensive care units changing nationally

A dangerous drug-resistant bacterium is becoming more prevalent in many intensive care units, according to an article in the Feb. 1 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is responsible for a variety of infections that patients often acquire in the hospital. Skin infections are the most common, but MRSA can also infect the heart, the lungs, and the digestive tract. The emergence of MRSA and other drug-resistant bacteria may be due in part to over-prescribing and overuse of antibiotics.

Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention examined MRSA data from more than 1,200 intensive care units (ICUs) from 1992 to 2003. They found that in 1992, 36 percent of S. aureus isolates were drug-resistant; but in 2003, 64 percent of isolates were MRSA, an increase of about 3 percentage points per year.

Despite the increase in MRSA prevalence, there was also a decrease in MRSA that was resistant to multiple drugs. The researchers hypothesize that the influx of MRSA strains from the community might have replaced those multidrug-resistant strains associated with the hospital.

"Unlike traditional MRSA the community strain is very fit - it causes infection in healthy people," said CDC epidemiologist Dr. Monina Klevens. "When it is introduced into a hospital, where ill patients are more vulnerable to infection, it has the potential to cause significant morbidity and mortality."

Due to community MRSA's ability to infect the young and healthy, traditional risk factors for identifying hospital-associated MRSA colonization, such as dialysis and prior hospitalization, are not effective predictors of whether a person is carrying the community strain.

"Lines are blurring as far as risk factors are concerned," Dr. Klevens said.

The study summarized MRSA data at the national level, indicating general trends, but physicians need to know what is hap pening in their specific locations to help control the spread of infection.

"We know that the prevalence of community MRSA varies widely in local geographic areas, so it is important that doctors be aware of what is happening in their community," Dr. Klevens said.


'"/>

Source:Infectious Diseases Society of America


Related biology news :

1. NYCs First Rapid HIV Drug-resistant AIDS Case Prompts Call to Step Up HIV Prevention
2. Drug-resistant bacteria on poultry products differ by brand
3. Drug-resistant bacterial infections serious complication after corrective eye surgery
4. Anti-bacterial additive widespread in U.S. waterways
5. A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease
6. Discovery of key proteins shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine
7. Scientists discover that host cell lipids facilitate bacterial movement
8. Family trees of ancient bacteria reveal evolutionary moves
9. Programmable cells: Engineer turns bacteria into living computers
10. NASA links nanobacteria to kidney stones and other diseases
11. Substance protects resilient staph bacteria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/14/2016)... Allemagne, March 14, 2016 ... - --> - Renvoi : image disponible ... --> --> DERMALOG, ... fournit de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour l,enregistrement ... DERMALOG sera utilisé pour produire des cartes d,identité ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... March 11, 2016 --> ... research report "Image Recognition Market by Technology (Pattern Recognition), ... Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises and Cloud), by Industry ... published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is expected to ... 29.98 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 19.1%. ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS ) ... (CBP) is testing its biometric identity solution at the Otay ... to help identify certain non-U.S. citizens leaving the country. ... to help determine the efficiency and accuracy of using biometric ... will run until May 2016. --> the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... Kansas City, Missouri (PRWEB) , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... President of Professional and Agricultural Sales. , Doug began his career at PBI-Gordon ... has since served in a wide variety of roles, ranging from customer service to ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Leading CEOs ... on May 31st and June 1st at The Four Seasons Hotel Boston. , ... the life sciences, offering exclusive access to key decision makers who influence deal ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... WOODLANDS, Texas , May 3, 2016  Dr. ... certified plastic surgeon in The Woodlands, Texas ... that destroys 24 percent of treated fat cells in ... and woman. Close to 90 percent of Americans report ... treatment options. Nonsurgical fat reduction procedures are a growing ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... StarNet Communications Corp, ( http://www.starnet.com/ ) ... of three Secure Remote Desktop modules to its flagship X-Win32 PC X server. ... Unix servers to the user’s PC over encrypted SSH. , Traditionally, users of PC ...
Breaking Biology Technology: