Navigation Links
Destructive enzyme shows a benevolent side

New research shows that a recently discovered enzyme that destroys the messenger RNA (mRNA) for some proteins can also help to protect the mRNA during times of stress. The response might help cancer cells survive chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

The study examined a recently discovered enzyme called PMR1. That enzyme attaches to certain mRNA molecules and remains there like a hand grenade with its pin in place.

These mRNAs carry the information for making highly potent proteins, proteins that cells must stop making suddenly. When that 'stop' command arrives, the pin is pulled and the enzyme destroys the mRNA, quickly halting production of that protein.

This new study found, however, that under stress conditions, the same enzyme ?while attached to the mRNA ?helps form temporary shelters within the cell called stress granules. There, the mRNA can be protected so that production of the protein can quickly resume whenever the stress ends, perhaps insuring that the cell survives.

Stress granules are short-lived aggregates of mRNA and proteins, and they accumulate when cells are subjected to conditions such as starvation, low oxygen (which can occur within large tumors), chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

The study, led by researchers at Ohio State University's Comprehensive Cancer Center, is published in the December issue of the journal Molecular and Cellular Biology.

"The stress response protects cells from these conditions by sequestering mRNAs for those proteins not specifically involved in the stress response itself," says principal investigator Daniel R. Schoenberg, professor of molecular and cellular biochemistry and a researcher with Ohio State's Comprehensive Cancer Center.

"By understanding how PMR1 and similar enzymes are incorporated into stress granules and inactivated, we may be able to learn how to block this protective mechanism and make it harder for cancer cells to survive cancer the rapies."

Schoenberg first discovered the PMR1 enzyme in 1995, and his lab has been actively studying it since that time.

For this study, Schoenberg and a group of colleagues wanted to learn if the enzyme also destroys its mRNA during periods of stress.

To answer the question, they used cultured cells to which they'd added active and mutant forms of the enzyme. They then stressed the cells using the chemical arsenite, a relative of arsenic.

The investigators found that during stress, the enzyme interacts directly with another protein called TIA-1, a key protein involved in assembling stress granules. This interaction draws the enzyme-mRNA complex into stress granules.

But the researchers were unable to detect any sign that the message was destroyed.

"The fact that we don't see an acceleration of mRNA decay suggests that something in the stress response protects these mRNAs from being degraded, even though the degrading enzyme PMR1 is there in the stress granules with its target mRNA."

Schoenberg and his colleagues will next study the other proteins within stress granules to try to learn how PMR1-mRNA complex is preserved.


'"/>

Source:Ohio State University


Related biology news :

1. Lack of enzyme turns fat cells into fat burners
2. Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway
3. Researchers report new pro-inflammatory role for anti-inflammatory enzyme
4. Purdue researchers use enzyme to clip DNA wires
5. Scientists take aim at virulent bacteria by decoding machinery of key control enzyme
6. VCU Massey Cancer Center study shows enzyme linked to spread of breast cancer cells
7. Targeting a key enzyme with gene therapy reversed course of Alzheimers disease in mouse models
8. UCLA researchers identify key enzyme linked to childhood blindness
9. K-State professors discover enzyme responsible for creation of a beetles hard shell
10. Smoking damages key regulatory enzyme in the lung
11. New discovery: If it werent for this enzyme, decomposing pesticide would take millennia
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/20/2016)... The rising popularity of mobility services ... stoking significant interest in keyless access systems. Following ... energy (BLE), biometrics and near-field communication (NFC) are ... wireless technologies in the automotive industry. This evolution ... systems opens the market to specialist companies such ...
(Date:12/16/2016)... NEW YORK , Dec. 16, 2016 The global ... reach USD 12.14 billion by 2021 from USD 5.31 billion in ... ... market is mainly driven by technological advancements in medical devices, launch ... devices, rising preference for wireless connectivity among healthcare providers, and increasing ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... , Dec. 15, 2016  There is much ... doors or starting the engine. Continental will demonstrate the ... Las Vegas . Through the combination of ... and Entry) and biometric elements, the international technology company ... vehicle personalization and authentication. "The integration of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... -- Stock-Callers.com explores the Biotech industry to ... recent performances of select equities. In this morning,s lineup ... Abeona Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: ABEO ), Theravance ... Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: SAGE ). According to ... market size is expected to reach $604.40 billion by 2020 due to ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... 2017 http://www.Financialbuzz.com - ... leading causes of death worldwide. There were 8.2 million ... cancer related deaths increased gradually over time, the death ... of various cancers continues to drive demand of biological ... Global Market Insights, Inc. cancer biological therapy market size was ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan 19, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Technology, Biomolecules, Cancer Type, Application - Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry ... ... the global market is projected to reach $15,737 million by 2022 ... 2016 to 2022. Omic technologies segment accounted for ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Ky. and HOUSTON ... Inc. ("NX Prenatal") today announced the formation of ... together leading clinicians and industry veterans who enhance ... company as it accelerates development of its novel ... to provide medical, clinical and strategic guidance for ...
Breaking Biology Technology: