Navigation Links
Deep in the ocean, a clam that acts like a plant

How does life survive in the black depths of the ocean? At the surface, sunlight allows green plants to "fix" carbon from the air to build their bodies. Around hydrothermal vents deep in the ocean live communities of giant clams with no gut and no functional digestive system, depending on symbiotic bacteria to use energy locked up in hydrogen sulfide to replace sunlight. Now, the genome of this symbiont has been completely sequenced and published in Science.

"The difference here is that while plants get their energy and carbon via photosynthesis by chloroplast symbionts, this clam gets its energy via chemosynthesis," said Jonathan Eisen, a professor at the UC Davis Genome Center and an author on the paper.

The actual work of photosynthesis in green plants is done by chloroplasts, descended from primitive single-celled organisms that were incorporated into other cells billions of years ago.

"The energy from hydrogen sulfide is used to drive carbon fixation in much the same way that chloroplasts carry out carbon fixation," Eisen said. The symbiotic bacteria also fix nitrogen and produce amino acids, vitamins and other nutrients required by the clam.

Studies of the deep sea have implications for studying the origins of life, Eisen said. Life on Earth may have got its start with microbes living on such chemical reactions, before the evolution of photosynthesis.

"And they’re just plain interesting," Eisen added.

If you were thinking that giant clams sound tasty, think again. The hydrogen sulfide gives them a strong smell of rotting eggs.
'"/>

Source:University of California - Davis


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. New type of rejection blocker protects kidneys after transplant
2. Implantable pumps extend lives of patients too sick for transplant
3. Diabetes slows nerve recovery after heart transplant
4. Biologists develop large gene dataset for rice plant
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/11/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... grow at a CAGR of 30.37% during the period 2017-2021. ... prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry ... over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... MELBOURNE, Florida , April 11, 2017 ... "Company"), a security technology company, announces the appointment of independent ... John Bendheim to its Board of Directors, furthering the ... ... behalf of NXT-ID, we look forward to their guidance and ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... Allen Institute for Cell Science today announces the launch ... dynamic digital window into the human cell. The website ... deep learning to create predictive models of cell organization, ... suite of powerful tools. The Allen Cell Explorer will ... resources created and shared by the Allen Institute for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... NetDimensions has ... the Aragon Research Globe™ for Corporate Learning, 2017. , Aragon Research defines Leaders ... demand, and effectively perform against those strategies. NetDimensions’ ranking as a Leader due ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... MA (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... sources for advanced technology applications, has announced a facility expansion to accommodate its ... 3,000 square feet of new workspace and renovation of the existing areas. The ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... , ... May 23, 2017 , ... Cambridge Semantics ... splash at this year’s Bio-IT World Conference and Expo in Boston May ... Lake® 4.0 solution. The Anzo Smart Data Lake is also a finalist for ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... other leaders of the Maryland Biohealth community in developing and issuing recommendations to ... 3 U.S. BioHealth Innovation Hub by 2023. , The recommendations ...
Breaking Biology Technology: