Navigation Links
Computer with brain connections changing quality of life of paralyzed

Fundamental theories regarding consciousness, emotion and quality of life in sufferers of paralysis from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS, also known as 'Lou Gerhig's disease') are being challenged based on new research on brain-computer interaction. ALS is a progressive disease that destroys neurons affecting movement. The study appears in the latest issue of Psychophysiology. The article reviews the usefulness of currently available brain-computer –interfaces (BCI), which use brain activity to communicate through external devices, such as computers.

The research focuses on a condition called the completely locked-in state (CLIS, a total lack of muscle control). In a CLIS situation, intentional thoughts and imagery can rarely be acted upon physically and, therefore, are rarely followed by a stimulus. The research suggests that as the disease progresses and the probability for an external event to function as a link between response and consequence becomes progressively smaller, it may eventually vanish altogether.

Researchers have found that by implementing a BCI before the CLIS state occurs, a patient can be taught to communicate through an electronic device with great regularity. The continued interaction between thought, response and consequence is believed to slow the destruction of the nervous system.

The findings are also raising a number of new questions about the quality of life amongst paralysis sufferers. Patients surveyed were found to be much healthier mentally than psychiatrically depressed patients without any life-threatening bodily disease. Only 9% of ALS patients showed long episodes of depression and most were during the period following diagnosis and a period of weeks after tracheotomy.

"Most instruments measuring depression and quality of life are invalid for paralyzed people living in protected environments because most of the questions do not apply to the life of a paralyzed person. Special instruments had to be developed," says Niels Birbaumer, Ph.D., author of the study.

This contrasts previously accepted notions as many doctors believe that the quality of life in total paralysis is extremely low and continuation of life is a burden for the patient. The study challenges the myth of helplessness, depression and poor quality of life in paralyzed persons that lead to hastened decisions on euthanasia.
'"/>

Source:Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Related biology news :

1. Computers to be used to find blueprint for new influenza drug
2. Large-scale Computer Simulations Reveal New Insights Into Antibiotic Resistance
3. Computers close in on protein structure prediction
4. Computer modeling reveals hidden conversations within cells
5. Computer models aid understanding of antibody-dependent enhancement in spread of dengue fever
6. Computer-chemistry yields new insight into a puzzle of cell division
7. Computers to save unique type of American red squirrel
8. Computer simulation hints at new HIV drug target
9. Computer scientist sorts out confusable drug names
10. Computer-based games enhance mental function in patients with Alzheimers
11. Computer scientists unravel language of surgery

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/6/2017)... Colo. , Jan. 5, 2017  SomaLogic ... the "Digital Life Alliance" established by iCarbonX, the ... 2015 to build a "Global Digital Health Ecosystem ... on a combination of individual,s biological, behavioral and ... the agreement between the companies, SomaLogic will provide ...
(Date:12/22/2016)... Calif. , Dec. 20, 2016  As part of ... 23andMe, the leading personal genetics company, recently released its latest ... . The book focuses on the topics of inheritance ... Generation Science Standards (NGSS) taught in elementary school classrooms in ... in a series by illustrator Ariana Killoran , whose ...
(Date:12/16/2016)... 2016   IdentyTechSolutions America LLC , a ... solutions and a cutting-edge manufacturer of software and ... offering seamless, integrated solutions that comprise IDT biometric ... solutions provide IdentyTech,s customers with combined physical identification ... crime and theft. "We are proud ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/17/2017)... Jan. 17, 2017  On January 10 at the ... J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference in San Francisco ... Jr. , spoke to pharmaceutical leaders and public and ... to break down and destroy biofilms.  ... prevent antibiotics and the body,s immune system from eradicating ...
(Date:1/16/2017)... Jan. 16, 2017  Eurofins Genomics today announced the ... more customers to receive their primers in a shorter ... in quality found with other providers. Express oligos are ... at no additional fee. Researchers ... studies, including DNA sequencing, genotyping, site-directed mutagenesis, and cloning. ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... Jan 13, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... their offering. ... biopolymers market to grow at a CAGR of 16.83% during the period ... growth prospects of the global biopolymers market for 2017-2021. To calculate the ... sales of biopolymer products. The report also includes a a discussion of ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... January 12, 2017 , ... MEXICO’S ... Technologies, Inc., announces the successful outcome of the first lumbar fusion procedure ... (Vertebral Technologies, Inc.) has partnered with Mexico-based medical product company BioMedical Technologies ...
Breaking Biology Technology: