Navigation Links
Common viruses may cause cancer

In some cases, the fusion of human cells is a normal process that leads, for instance, to the formation of muscle and bone. Viral infections can also cause cell fusion, but cells fused by viruses are widely considered to be harmless because they are generally believed to die without consequences for the host. According to a recent study, however, cell fusion triggered by viruses is a possible contributing factor in the development of human cancer. The study also raises concerns about the use fusogenic viruses as vectors for human gene therapy or in other clinical applications owing to the possibility that such viruses might cause cancer.

The idea that aberrations in the number or structure of chromosomes can spur tumor formation is more than a century old. Such aberrations--known collectively as "aneuploidy"--arise in two principal ways: as a consequence of abnormal cell division, or as a result of cell fusion. By either mechanism, the resulting aneuploid cells no longer have the proper genetic makeup and frequently die. But researchers now know that tumor cells are often aneuploid--and very much alive. Whether aneuploidy is a cause or a consequence of a cancerous cellular state is the crux of a current debate.

In a recent study, Dr. Yuri Lazebnik and his colleagues at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory observed, fortuitously, that normal cultured human cells are fused by the action of the Mason-Pfizer Monkey Virus (MPMV), but that the resulting hybrid cells do indeed fail to proliferate. However, the researchers discovered that if one of the fusion partners carried a particular "predisposing" gene mutation (in the oncogenes E1A or Myc, or in the tumor suppressor gene p53), then a significant proportion of the resulting hybrid cells were highly proliferative and thus potentially cancerous.

Whether such proliferating hybrid cells are produced by viruses in the human body, whether they can lead to cancer, and which of the many known and candidate hum an fusogenic viruses (for example, endogenous retroviruses, whose DNA sequences comprise at least 8% of the human genome) might contribute to cancer remain to be determined.

In addition to revealing that common viruses might contribute to cancer by fusing cells, the researchers report that the use of fusogenic viruses as vectors for gene therapy or in other clinical applications should be carefully evaluated.


'"/>

Source:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory


Related biology news :

1. Its not all genetic: Common epigenetic problem doubles cancer risk in mice
2. Harmful Bacterium Commonly Found in Poultry May Survive Refrigeration and Frozen Storage Combined
3. Men Estimate Mens Risks Of Common Disorders Higher Than Women Do, And Vice Versa
4. Use of Antibiotics for Acne May Increase Risk of Common Illness
5. Common alternative treatment for liver disease is found to be ineffective
6. Common molecular signature identified in solid tumors
7. Common bacteria pirate natural mechanism to get inside cells
8. Commonly used antidepressants may also affect human immune system
9. Common practices at petting zoos put visitors at risk
10. Common enzyme is a key player in DNA repair
11. Common molecular signature identified in solid tumors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/2/2017)... -- Who risk to be deprived of its imprint ... https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/4313699/ WILL APPLE AND SAMSUNG CONFRONT ... sensors using capacitive technology represent a fast growing market, ... an increase of 360% of the number of fingerprint ... sensor market between 2014 and 2017 (source : N+1 ...
(Date:2/28/2017)... LOS ANGELES , Feb. 28, 2017   ... identity verification software globally, announces significant enhancements to new ... in May 2016. New products include mobile and desktop ... and DocX TM - a real time manual ... Acuant,s core idScan® technology provides the fastest and most ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... 2017   Strategic Cyber Ventures , the industry,s ... a $3.5 million investment in  Polarity , the first ... is DC based and is led by cybersecurity veterans ... Ron Gula , also a longtime cybersecurity veteran ... this series A round of funding. This new funding ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 Kineta, Inc., ... of novel therapies in immuno-oncology, today announced the ... small molecule compounds that activate interferon response factor ... and demonstrate immune-mediated tumor regression in a murine ... study who demonstrated complete tumor regression to initial ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... monitoring solutions, today announced the hire of Dr. Sigmund “Sig” Floyd as Vice ... applications, strategic partnerships and joint development activities. , “Dr. Floyd’s career has spanned ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... -- Good Start Genetics, a leading family genomics company, ... covered lives mark through its most recent payor addition, ... . With newly signed contracts nationally and others in ... acceptance based on the quality of its science, the ... industry-leading customer care and support and its published cost-effectiveness ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - FACIT ... (the "Company" or "Propellon"), a start-up created by ... anti-cancer therapeutics. FACIT,s investment, combined with non-dilutive capital, ... program. The seed funding enables Propellon to accelerate ... the Company for financing and/or entering a strategic ...
Breaking Biology Technology: